Avalokana: 14 definitions


Avalokana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Avalokana (अवलोकन) refers to “perception” (e.g., the expansion of emanation [?]), according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 4.24-27.—Accordingly, “Next I will explain something else, namely, Śākta, Śāmbhava and Āṇava. O mistress of the god of the gods, (I will explain) the characteristic feature (of each) which, O beloved, is the great dawning of knowledge. The group of five energies is considered to be will, knowledge, action, supreme Kuṇḍalinī and Mātṛkā, which is the fifth. (The characterizing feature) of the will is (that from it) originates the expansion (of emanation). Knowledge is the perception (of it) [i.e., avalokana] there. (The energy of) action (functions) in what should be done and what should not. Kuṇḍalinī is the awakening of the Self. Mātṛkā measures out (mīyate) the universe. The characteristic feature of power is (thus) fivefold”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Avalokana (अवलोकन) refers to a “planetary look” (at eclipsed disc), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] These evil effects, resulting from planetary look [i.e., avalokana] at eclipsed disc, apply as well to the time of termination of the eclipse as to its commencement. If Jupiter, a beneficent planet, should also see the eclipsed disc, the evils described will vanish in just the same way as the flame of fire dies out when water is poured over it”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Avalokana (अवलोकन).—At the sight of the peak called Avalokana sanctified by the lotus-like feet of Śrī Nemi, one’s desires are satiated. On its summit, Śāmba (son of Jāmbavatī), Pradyumna and Mahādyumna practised great religious austerities.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Avalokana (अवलोकन) is the name of a Girnar peak, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avalōkana (अवलोकन).—n (S) Looking, contemplating, beholding: also seeing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avalokana (अवलोकन).—

1) Looking at, beholding, seeing; नो बभूवुरवलोकनक्षमाः (no babhūvuravalokanakṣamāḥ) R.11.6.

2) Looking over, commanding a view of; दीर्घिकावलोकनगवाक्षगता (dīrghikāvalokanagavākṣagatā) M.1.

3) Sight, eye.

4) A look, glance; योगनिद्रान्तविशदैः पावनैरवलोकनः (yoganidrāntaviśadaiḥ pāvanairavalokanaḥ) R.1.14.

5) Looking out for, inquiry, seeking.

Derivable forms: avalokanam (अवलोकनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokana (अवलोकन).—n.

(-naṃ) Sight, seeing. E. ava, lokṛ to see, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokana (अवलोकन).—[ava-lok + ana], n. 1. Sight. 2. Observation. 3. A glance, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avalokana (अवलोकन):—[=ava-lokana] [from ava-lok] n. seeing, beholding, viewing, observing, [Raghuvaṃśa xi, 60, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a look, glance, [Raghuvaṃśa x, 14, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘looking like’, appearance of (in [compound]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (ā). the aspect (of planets), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avalokana (अवलोकन):—[ava-lokana] (naṃ) 1. n. Sight.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Avalokana (अवलोकन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Avaloyaṇa, Oloyaṇa, Oloyaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avalokana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Avalokana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Avalōkana (ಅವಲೋಕನ):—

1) [noun] a thorough looking.

2) [noun] an inquisitive examination; a critical analysis.

3) [noun] the sense of sight; vision.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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