Kaca, Kāca: 30 definitions

Introduction:

Kaca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kacha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kaca (कच):—Son of Bṛhaspati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.18.22)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaca (कच).—The first son of Bṛhaspati. That extremely beautiful boy was a great favourite of the devas. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Aṅgiras—Bṛhaspati—Kaca. (See full article at Story of Kaca from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāca (काच) refers to “(a piece of) glass”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Handing over a gold coin you wish to buy a piece of glass [i.e., kāca]. Setting aside the pure sandal paste you wish to smear mud over your body. Unmindful of the sunlight you wish to have the light of the glow worm. Throwing away the fine China silk you wish to wear the hide. Discarding the life at home you yearn for a life in the forest, O madam, throwing away excellent treasure you wish a piece of iron in return? [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kaca (कच).—The son of Bṛhaspati; deputed by gods to learn saṃjīvinī vidyā from Śukrācārya; offered himself as a disciple and admitted as a pupil by Śukra; conducted himself to the satisfaction of his teacher and his daughter Devayānī for a period of 500 years. Once while out in the woods tending Śukra's cows, the Asuras killed him and left his body to be devoured by dogs and jackals. The cows returned home but not Kaca. Devayānī suspected of foul play and reported his death. Śukra brought him back to life.1 On another occasion he went to the woods to gather flowers for Devayānī and this time the Asuras ground him to pieces and mixing them with surā offered it to Śukra who drank it. Again Devayānī persisted wanting him back to life. This meant Śukra's death for he had to come out by tearing open his belly. So he taught Kaca the saṃjīvinī vidyā so that he might restore him after his revival. Thus he did and so he learnt the vidyā. After a sojourn of ten hundred years he returned with due leave from his teacher. Now Devayānī offered to marry him but he pointed out that it was not proper to marry his preceptor's daughter. So she cursed that he would not get the fruits of his vidyā and he retorted that she would not find a Brāhmaṇa husband but only a Kṣatriya. Returned to the gods who gave him a share in their oblations; put to death by Vṛṣaparvan's men.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 25. 14-37.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 25. 38-69; chap. 26 whole; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 18. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kaca (कच) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.53) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kaca) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Kāca (काच) refers to “earth containing saline particles” used in a process of Mūṣālepa (crucible-lining) as mentioned in the Rasārṇavakalpa 372.

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kāca (काच) or Kācapātra refers to a “utensil made of glass” (used for food) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different metallic vessels are described in the text. The vessels/utensils that are made of glass (kāca) have the following dietetic effects: balya (imparts strength) and śothapāṇḍuhara (treats swelling and jaundice).

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kāca (काच) refers to “albugo” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kāca] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kacā (कचा):—[kacāḥ] Hairs

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Kāca (काच) refers to one of the various Sea-animals (makara) associated with Makarahasta: one of the thirteen Saṃyuktahastas or “combined hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.—According to the Śabdakalpadruma, makara means sea-animals [e.g., Kāca, etc.]. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, in makara posture both of the hands in patāka posture are placed one over the other and both should be facing downward. This posture is used in the acting of lion, tiger and deer.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kacha is the son of Brihaspati and Mamata, the wife of Brihaspati's brother Utathya. He equalled his father in learning, and was instrumental in obtaining the secret of the MrithaSanjivini spell from Shukra. He then imparted this knowledge to his father. The story of how he became Shukra's disciple is told in the Mahabharata.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kaca (कच): Grandson of sage Angiras and son of Brihaspati, who went to seek knowledge under Sukracharya as a brahmacharin. Devayani, the preceptor's lovely daughter, fell in love with him. The Asuras (demons) suspecting him of wanting to steal the secret of reviving the dead, killed him a number of times. But due to Devayani's love for him, her father brought him back to life every time he was killed. Ultimately the secret was learnt by the devas who then succeeded in defeating the asuras.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kaca in India is the name of a plant defined with Senna occidentalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cassia ciliata Raf. (among others).

2) Kaca is also identified with Memecylon edule.

3) Kaca in Indonesia is also identified with Abrus precatorius It has the synonym Abrus pauciflorus Desv. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Kew Bulletin (1970)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1991)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1985)
· Botanica Macaronesica (1980)
· Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse (1831)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kaca, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kāca : (m.) glass; crystal; cataract in the eye.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kaca, (Sk. kaca, cp. kāñcī and Latin cingo, cicatrix) the hair (of the head), in °kalāpa a mass of hair, tresses Dāvs. IV, 51. (Page 175)

— or —

1) Kāca, 2 (cp. Sk. kāca & kāja) a pingo, a yoke, a carryingpole, usually made of bamboo, at both ends of which baskets are hung (double pingo). Besides this there is a single pingo (ekato-kājo) with only one basket and “middle” p. (antarā°) with two bearers and the basket suspended in the middle Vin. II, 137; J. I, 154; V, 13, 293, 295 sq. , 320, 345; PvA. 168.

—daṇḍaka the pole of a pingo DA. I, 41. (Page 202)

2) Kāca, 1 (Der. unknown. The word first occurs in the Śat Br. & may well be non-Aryan) a glass-like substance made of siliceous clay; crystal Vin. I, 190; II, 112 (cp. Divy 503, kācamaṇi rock-crystal).—a° not of glass or quartz, i.e. pure, clear, flawless, appl. to precious stones D. II, 244=J. II, 418 (=akakkasa) Sn. 476. In the same sense also MVastu I. 164.

—ambha (nt.) red crystal J. VI, 268 (=rattamaṇi);—maya made of crystal, crystalline Vin. I, 190; II, 112. (Page 202)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaca (कच).—f (Imit.) A state of difficulty and perplexity, a strait, a dilemma: also a state of crowdedness or confinedness, pressure, press. 2 Grittiness (as in bread, sugar &c.) 3 Fearful yielding or drawing back. v khā. 4 m A dint. 5 A clamorous dispute, a brawl, brabble, jangle: also any noisy clashing with sticks. 6 A notch. v pāḍa.

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kāca (काच).—m S Glass. 2 Crystal or quartz, used as a jewel. 3 Any salt of potash in a crystalline state. 4 Gutta serena. The word in the above senses is pronounced as Kach. 5 f also kāñca f (Kats or Kants) Glass.

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kāca (काच).—f (kācaṇēṃ Kats.) Teasing, tormenting, worrying.

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kāca (काच).—m (Kats. For kāja) A button-hole.

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kācā (काचा).—a (Poetry. See kaccā) Unripe, undressed &c.: raw, crude,

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaca (कच).—f A strait; grittiness. m A dint; a brawl; a notch.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaca (कच).—[kacyante badhyante iti kacaḥ, kac-ac]

1) Hair (especially of the head); कचेषु च निगृह्यैतान् (kaceṣu ca nigṛhyaitān) Mb.; see °ग्रह (graha) below; अलिनीजिष्णुः कचानां चयः (alinījiṣṇuḥ kacānāṃ cayaḥ) Bhartṛhari 1.5.

2) A dry or healed sore, scar.

3) A binding, band.

4) The hem of a garment.

5) A cloud.

6) Name of a son of Brihaspati. [In their long warfare with the demons, the gods were often times defeated, and rendered quite helpless. But such of the demons as would be slain in battle were restored to life by Śukrāchārya, their preceptor, by means of a mystic charm which he alone possessed. The gods resolved to secure, if possible, this charm for themselves, and induced Kacha to go to Śukrāchārya and learn it from him by becoming his disciple. So Kacha went to the preceptor, but the demons killed Kacha twice lest he should succeed in mastering the lore; but on both occasions he was restored to life by the sage at the intercession of Devayānī, his daughter, who had fallen in love with the youth. Thus discomfited the Asuras killed him a third time, burnt his body, and mixed his ashes with Śukra's wine; but Devayānī again begged her father to restore to life the youth. Not being able to resist his daughter's importunities, Śukra once more performed the charm, and, to his surprise, heard the voice of Kacha issuing from his own belly. To save his own life the sage taught him the muchcoveted charm, and, on the belly of Śukra being ripped open, Kacha performed the charm and restored his master to life. Devayānī thence forward began to make stronger advances of love to him, but he steadily resisted her proposals, telling her that she was to him as a younger sister. She thereupon cursed him that the great charm he had learnt would be powerless; he, in return, cursed her that she should be sought by no Brāhmaṇa, but would become a Kṣatriya's wife.]

-cā 1 A female elephant; करिण्यां तु कचा स्त्रियाम् । मेदिनी (kariṇyāṃ tu kacā striyām | medinī).

2) Beauty, splendour.

Derivable forms: kacaḥ (कचः).

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Kāca (काच).—1 Glass, crystal; आकरे पद्मरागाणां जन्म काचमणेः कुतः (ākare padmarāgāṇāṃ janma kācamaṇeḥ kutaḥ) H. Pr.38; काचमूल्येन विक्रीतो हन्त चिन्तामणिर्मया (kācamūlyena vikrīto hanta cintāmaṇirmayā) Śānti.1.12; मणिर्लुठति पादेषु काचः शिरसि धार्यते । यथैवास्ते तथैवास्तां काचः काचो मणिर्मणिः (maṇirluṭhati pādeṣu kācaḥ śirasi dhāryate | yathaivāste tathaivāstāṃ kācaḥ kāco maṇirmaṇiḥ) || H.2.67.

2) A loop, a swinging shelf, a string so fastened to the yoke as to support burdens.

3) An eye-disease, an affection of the optic nerve, producing dimness of sight.

4) Alkaline ashes.

5) The string of the balance.

6) A house with a southern and a northern hall; पूर्वापरे तु शाले गृहचुल्ली दक्षिणोत्तरे काचम् (pūrvāpare tu śāle gṛhacullī dakṣiṇottare kācam) Bṛ. S.53.4.

-cam 1 Alkaline salt.

2) Wax.

Derivable forms: kācaḥ (काचः).

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Kācā (काचा).—A condition of having crystalline colour (especially of the teeth of the horses) दन्तेषु व्यञ्जनं यद्यत् तेन ज्ञेयो वयःक्रमः । कालिका हरिणी शुक्ला काचा मक्षिकया सह (danteṣu vyañjanaṃ yadyat tena jñeyo vayaḥkramaḥ | kālikā hariṇī śuklā kācā makṣikayā saha) || Śālihotra of Bhoja, Appendix II,29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaca (कच).—m., Mahāvyutpatti 5870, according to Tibetan srin bal = cotton or raw silk (Chin. app. cotton thread); occurs in a list of textile materials.

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Kāca (काच).—(1) m. or nt. (Pali, and Sanskrit Lex., id.; according to [Boehtlingk and Roth] strictly the cord used on a carrying-pole for suspending burdens), carrying-pole, pingo (for carrying burdens at each end): Jātakamālā 137.4 (verse) svasthāvabaddhāv adhiropya kācam; 8 (prose) tau…kācenādāya; (2) see s.v. Kācī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaca (कच).—m.

(-caḥ) 1. The hair. 2. A proper name, the son of Vrihaspati. 3. Binding or a binding. 4. A cicatrix, a dry or healed sore. 5. A cloud. f.

(-cā) 1. A female elephant. 2. Beauty, brilliance. E. kac to bind, &c. ac affix, fem. ṭāp.

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Kāca (काच).—m.

(-caḥ) 1. Alkaline ashes, any salt of potash or soda in a glassy or crystalline state. 2. Crystal, quartz or glass, considered as a natural production, and used as a jewel or ornament. 3. A loop, swinging shelf, a string so contrived as to hold or support burthens, &c. 4. A disease of the eyes, affection of the optic nerve or gutta serena. n.

(-caṃ) 1. Alkaline salt, black salt. 2. Wax. E. kac to shine or bind, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaca (कच).—[kac + a], m. 1. The hair, Mahābhārata 1, 4982. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 3193.

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Kāca (काच).—m. 1. Glass, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 87. 2. A disease of the eyes, [Suśruta] 2, 305, 4 sqq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaca (कच).—[masculine] the hair of the head; [Name] of a son of Bṛhaspati.

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Kāca (काच).—[masculine] glass; [plural] glass-pearls.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaca (कच):—[from kac] m. the hair ([especially] of the head), [Raghuvaṃśa; Bhartṛhari] etc. cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 194, ]note 1

2) [v.s. ...] a cicatrix, a dry sore, scar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a band, the hem of a garment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Bṛhaspati, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a place

7) Kacā (कचा):—[from kaca > kac] f. a female elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] beauty, brilliancy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. a-kaca, ut-kaca, etc.)

9) Kāca (काच):—m. (√kac) glass, [Suśruta; Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) ([plural] glass pearls), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiii, 2, 6, 8]

11) crystal or quartz (used as an ornament), [Horace H. Wilson]

12) alkaline ashes, any salt of potash or soda in a crystalline state, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) a class of diseases of the eye (especially an affection of the optic nerve or gutta serena), [Suśruta]

14) a loop, a string fastened to each end of a pole with a net in which burdens etc. are held or suspended, a yoke to support burdens etc. (= śikya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) the string of the scale of a balance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) a Dviśālaka having one room on the north side and another on the south

17) n. alkaline salt, block salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) wax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) mfn. having the colour of glass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaca (कच):—(caḥ) 1. m. The hair; binding; a cicatrix; a cloud. f. () A female elephant; beauty.

2) Kāca (काच):—(caḥ) 1. m. Glass, crystal; swinging shelf; disease of the eye. n. Black salt; wax.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kāca (काच) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kacca, Kaya, Kāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaca in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaca (ಕಚ):—

1) [noun] hair of the head.

2) [noun] a bundle or knot of the hair of the head.

3) [noun] interwoven or matted hair.

4) [noun] a dry or healed sore; a scar.

5) [noun] a binding; a band.

6) [noun] a cloud.

7) [noun] the hem of a garment.

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Kāca (ಕಾಚ):—

1) [noun] a hard, amorphous, brittle, usu. transparent, substance, a bad conductor of electricity, made of the oxides of silicon; glass.

2) [noun] a net-work of rope or metal string hung from roof-beam of the house for keeping vessels; a swinging shelf.

3) [noun] an eye-diseae.

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Kāca (ಕಾಚ):—[noun] a sewn cloth, tight-fitting underwear, worn as girding for the loins; an underclothing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kaca (கச) [kacattal] 12 intransitive verb < கய-. [kaya-.]

1. To taste bitter; கைத்தல். [kaithal.]

2. To be embittered, as the mind; to be disgusted, alienated from; வெறுப்படைதல். [veruppadaithal.]

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Kacā (கசா) noun [Telugu: kasavu, K. kasa.] A fibrous plant; செடிவகை. [sedivagai.] (W.)

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Kācā (காசா) noun See காயா [kaya], 1. காசா கடன்மழை யனையானை [kasa kadanmazhai yanaiyanai] (கம்பராமாயணம் கங்கை. [kambaramayanam kangai.] 53).

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Kācā (காசா) noun < kāśa. Kaus, a large and coarse grass. See நாணல். (வைத்திய மலையகராதி) [nanal. (vaithiya malaiyagarathi)]

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Kācā (காசா) noun kāsara. Buffalo; எருமை. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [erumai. (pingalagandu)]

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Kācā (காசா) < Urdu khāsā. noun

1. One's own, personal possession; சொந்தம். [sontham.]

2. Original price; அசல்விலை. [asalvilai.] — adjectival Fine, capital, elegant; மிகவுஞ்சிறந்த. [migavunchirantha.]

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Kācā (காசா) noun < Hindustain kaccha. A kind of cloth; துணிவகை. காசா கச்சா. [thunivagai. kasa kacha.] Local usage

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Kācā (காசா) noun probably from Persn. khwājā. Master, proprietor; எசமானன். [esamanan.] Local usage

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kaca (कच):—n. 1. hair (on the head); 2. Mythol. the son of Vrihaspati; the divine teacher; 3. an underline; 4. a line drawn to separate section;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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