Kaca, aka: Kāca; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kaca means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kacha.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Kāca (काच) refers to “earth containing saline particles” used in a process of Mūṣālepa (crucible-lining) as mentioned in the Rasārṇavakalpa 372.

(Source): Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Purāṇa

Kaca (कच):—Son of Bṛhaspati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.18.22)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kaca (कच).—The first son of Bṛhaspati. That extremely beautiful boy was a great favourite of the devas. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Aṅgiras—Bṛhaspati—Kaca. (See full article at Story of Kaca from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kaca (कच).—The son of Bṛhaspati; deputed by gods to learn saṃjīvinī vidyā from Śukrācārya; offered himself as a disciple and admitted as a pupil by Śukra; conducted himself to the satisfaction of his teacher and his daughter Devayānī for a period of 500 years. Once while out in the woods tending Śukra's cows, the Asuras killed him and left his body to be devoured by dogs and jackals. The cows returned home but not Kaca. Devayānī suspected of foul play and reported his death. Śukra brought him back to life.1 On another occasion he went to the woods to gather flowers for Devayānī and this time the Asuras ground him to pieces and mixing them with surā offered it to Śukra who drank it. Again Devayānī persisted wanting him back to life. This meant Śukra's death for he had to come out by tearing open his belly. So he taught Kaca the saṃjīvinī vidyā so that he might restore him after his revival. Thus he did and so he learnt the vidyā. After a sojourn of ten hundred years he returned with due leave from his teacher. Now Devayānī offered to marry him but he pointed out that it was not proper to marry his preceptor's daughter. So she cursed that he would not get the fruits of his vidyā and he retorted that she would not find a Brāhmaṇa husband but only a Kṣatriya. Returned to the gods who gave him a share in their oblations; put to death by Vṛṣaparvan's men.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 25. 14-37.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 25. 38-69; chap. 26 whole; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 18. 22.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Kaca (कच) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.53) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kaca) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Kacha is the son of Brihaspati and Mamata, the wife of Brihaspati's brother Utathya. He equalled his father in learning, and was instrumental in obtaining the secret of the MrithaSanjivini spell from Shukra. He then imparted this knowledge to his father. The story of how he became Shukra's disciple is told in the Mahabharata.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kaca (कच): Grandson of sage Angiras and son of Brihaspati, who went to seek knowledge under Sukracharya as a brahmacharin. Devayani, the preceptor's lovely daughter, fell in love with him. The Asuras (demons) suspecting him of wanting to steal the secret of reviving the dead, killed him a number of times. But due to Devayani's love for him, her father brought him back to life every time he was killed. Ultimately the secret was learnt by the devas who then succeeded in defeating the asuras.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

kāca : (m.) glass; crystal; cataract in the eye.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kaca, (Sk. kaca, cp. kāñcī and Latin cingo, cicatrix) the hair (of the head), in °kalāpa a mass of hair, tresses Dāvs. IV, 51. (Page 175)

— or —

1) Kāca, 2 (cp. Sk. kāca & kāja) a pingo, a yoke, a carryingpole, usually made of bamboo, at both ends of which baskets are hung (double pingo). Besides this there is a single pingo (ekato-kājo) with only one basket and “middle” p. (antarā°) with two bearers and the basket suspended in the middle Vin. II, 137; J. I, 154; V, 13, 293, 295 sq. , 320, 345; PvA. 168.

—daṇḍaka the pole of a pingo DA. I, 41. (Page 202)

2) Kāca, 1 (Der. unknown. The word first occurs in the Śat Br. & may well be non-Aryan) a glass-like substance made of siliceous clay; crystal Vin. I, 190; II, 112 (cp. Divy 503, kācamaṇi rock-crystal).—a° not of glass or quartz, i.e. pure, clear, flawless, appl. to precious stones D. II, 244=J. II, 418 (=akakkasa) Sn. 476. In the same sense also MVastu I. 164.

—ambha (nt.) red crystal J. VI, 268 (=rattamaṇi);—maya made of crystal, crystalline Vin. I, 190; II, 112. (Page 202)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kaca (कच).—f (Imit.) A state of difficulty and perplexity, a strait, a dilemma: also a state of crowdedness or confinedness, pressure, press. 2 Grittiness (as in bread, sugar &c.) 3 Fearful yielding or drawing back. v khā. 4 m A dint. 5 A clamorous dispute, a brawl, brabble, jangle: also any noisy clashing with sticks. 6 A notch. v pāḍa.

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kāca (काच).—m S Glass. 2 Crystal or quartz, used as a jewel. 3 Any salt of potash in a crystalline state. 4 Gutta serena. The word in the above senses is pronounced as Kach. 5 f also kāñca f (Kats or Kants) Glass.

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kāca (काच).—f (kācaṇēṃ Kats.) Teasing, tormenting, worrying.

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kāca (काच).—m (Kats. For kāja) A button-hole.

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kācā (काचा).—a (Poetry. See kaccā) Unripe, undressed &c.: raw, crude,

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaca (कच).—f A strait; grittiness. m A dint; a brawl; a notch.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaca (कच).—[kacyante badhyante iti kacaḥ, kac-ac]

1) Hair (especially of the head); कचेषु च निगृह्यैतान् (kaceṣu ca nigṛhyaitān) Mb.; see °ग्रह (graha) below; अलिनीजिष्णुः कचानां चयः (alinījiṣṇuḥ kacānāṃ cayaḥ) Bh.1.5.

2) A dry or healed sore, scar.

3) A binding, band.

4) The hem of a garment.

5) A cloud.

6) Name of a son of Brihaspati. [In their long warfare with the demons, the gods were often times defeated, and rendered quite helpless. But such of the demons as would be slain in battle were restored to life by Śukrāchārya, their preceptor, by means of a mystic charm which he alone possessed. The gods resolved to secure, if possible, this charm for themselves, and induced Kacha to go to Śukrāchārya and learn it from him by becoming his disciple. So Kacha went to the preceptor, but the demons killed Kacha twice lest he should succeed in mastering the lore; but on both occasions he was restored to life by the sage at the intercession of Devayānī, his daughter, who had fallen in love with the youth. Thus discomfited the Asuras killed him a third time, burnt his body, and mixed his ashes with Śukra's wine; but Devayānī again begged her father to restore to life the youth. Not being able to resist his daughter's importunities, Śukra once more performed the charm, and, to his surprise, heard the voice of Kacha issuing from his own belly. To save his own life the sage taught him the muchcoveted charm, and, on the belly of Śukra being ripped open, Kacha performed the charm and restored his master to life. Devayānī thence forward began to make stronger advances of love to him, but he steadily resisted her proposals, telling her that she was to him as a younger sister. She thereupon cursed him that the great charm he had learnt would be powerless; he, in return, cursed her that she should be sought by no Brāhmaṇa, but would become a Kṣatriya's wife.]

-cā 1 A female elephant; करिण्यां तु कचा स्त्रियाम् । मेदिनी (kariṇyāṃ tu kacā striyām | medinī).

2) Beauty, splendour.

Derivable forms: kacaḥ (कचः).

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Kāca (काच).—1 Glass, crystal; आकरे पद्मरागाणां जन्म काचमणेः कुतः (ākare padmarāgāṇāṃ janma kācamaṇeḥ kutaḥ) H. Pr.38; काचमूल्येन विक्रीतो हन्त चिन्तामणिर्मया (kācamūlyena vikrīto hanta cintāmaṇirmayā) Śānti.1.12; मणिर्लुठति पादेषु काचः शिरसि धार्यते । यथैवास्ते तथैवास्तां काचः काचो मणिर्मणिः (maṇirluṭhati pādeṣu kācaḥ śirasi dhāryate | yathaivāste tathaivāstāṃ kācaḥ kāco maṇirmaṇiḥ) || H.2.67.

2) A loop, a swinging shelf, a string so fastened to the yoke as to support burdens.

3) An eye-disease, an affection of the optic nerve, producing dimness of sight.

4) Alkaline ashes.

5) The string of the balance.

6) A house with a southern and a northern hall; पूर्वापरे तु शाले गृहचुल्ली दक्षिणोत्तरे काचम् (pūrvāpare tu śāle gṛhacullī dakṣiṇottare kācam) Bṛ. S.53.4.

-cam 1 Alkaline salt.

2) Wax.

Derivable forms: kācaḥ (काचः).

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Kācā (काचा).—A condition of having crystalline colour (especially of the teeth of the horses) दन्तेषु व्यञ्जनं यद्यत् तेन ज्ञेयो वयःक्रमः । कालिका हरिणी शुक्ला काचा मक्षिकया सह (danteṣu vyañjanaṃ yadyat tena jñeyo vayaḥkramaḥ | kālikā hariṇī śuklā kācā makṣikayā saha) || Śālihotra of Bhoja, Appendix II,29.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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