Arudha: 17 definitions


Arudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ārūḍha (आरूढ) refers to “being seated (in a chariot)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.9 (“Śiva’s campaign”).—Accordingly, after Śiva mounted his divine chariot: “[...] The horses constituted by the Vedas fell headlong to the ground. The earth quaked. The mountains became tremulous. Śeṣa, unable to bear his weight, became distressed and soon began to tremble. Lord Viṣṇu assumed the form of a lordly bull and went under the chariot. He lifted it up and steadied it for a short while. But in another instant, unable to bear the weighty splendour of lord Śiva seated in the chariot (ratha-ārūḍha), the lordly bull had to kneel down and crawl on the ground. [...]”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Arudha (अरुध).—The son of Setu and father of Gāndhāra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 7-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 7-9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ārūḍha (आरूढ) means “mount on” (e.g., Viṣṇu is mounted on Garuḍa), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly: “[...] Then, after the goddess Kumārikā had heard Vyāsa’s words, she hid her Māyā nature from him and assumed (her) Vaiṣṇava form. Viṣṇu held a conch, discus, mace and rosary. Stainless (nirañjana), he wore yellow clothes and, mounted on Garuḍa [i.e., tārkṣya-ārūḍha], he was radiant. Keśava, that is, Janārdhaka, was accompanied by Mahālakṣmī. (He), the god Hari, born from a lotus womb, is the imperishable cause (of all things). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ārūḍha (आरूढ) refers to “being mounted” (atop a corpse), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 10.1-7ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Bhairava]—“Now, at this moment, I shall explain the distinct appearance of Bhairava, [who] resembles an ointment [that clears the eye]. He has a nature that burns up and dissolves all things. Five-faced, atop a corpse (śava-ārūḍha), ten-armed [and] terrible, he resembles troops with demon mouths. He rumbles, [producing] a terrible noise, speaks with a gaping mouth [adorned with] with large tusks, [his face] bent in a frown. [...] Having worshipped Bhairava, [the Mantrin] remembers being joined in union [with] him, [in the same way as] dissolution in fire”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Ārūḍha (आरूढ) refers to “being mounted (on the breath)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi 8.17.—Accordingly, while discussing the connection between mind and breath: “One should know that the mind is always mounted on the breath (prāṇa-ārūḍha) in the body. Where the breath dwells, there the mind certainly dwells”.

2) Ārūḍha (आरूढ) refers to “having (naturally) ascended (to Yoga)”, according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī by Sundaradeva: a large compendium on Yoga in roughly 2000 Sanskrit verses quoting from Yoga texts, Upaniṣads, Epics, Purāṇas, Dharmaśāstras etc.—Accordingly, “Now Rājayoga is explained as far as the [fourth stage called] Niṣpatti in Haṭhayoga, for the delight of Yogins who have naturally ascended to Yoga (yoga-ārūḍha) through the [stage] of Niṣpatti in [Haṭha]yoga. [It is for those Yogins] whose breath, internal fire, body and mind has been mastered and whose unequivocal realization [of the highest reality] has occurred”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ārūḍha (आरूढ) refers to “being lifted up” (by producing friendliness, etc.), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The mind which is supported by restraint, tranquillity, non-attachment and consideration of reality, [and] is lifted up by producing friendliness, etc. (maitryādi-bhāvana-ārūḍha) causes good influx of karma. The mind which is inflamed by the fire of passion [and] disordered by sense objects accumulates karma which shows a connection with life”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ārūḍha (आरूढ).—p (S) Mounted or ascended upon. 2 Some useful compounds are formed. Ex. anubhavārūḍha Experienced; indriyārūḍha Come under the cognizance of the senses or of a sense; perceived. adhikārārūḍha, garvārūḍha, padārūḍha, buddhayārūḍha, viṣayārūḍha, jñānārūḍha, sampradāya-dharma-yōga-rājya-sthāna-kāma-krōdha-lōbha- śānti-karṇa-jivha &c.-ārūḍha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārūḍha (आरूढ).—p. p.

1) Mounted, ascended; seated on; आरूढो वृक्षो भवता (ārūḍho vṛkṣo bhavatā) Sk.; oft. used actively; आरूढमद्रीन् (ārūḍhamadrīn) R.6.77; Meghadūta 8,18; Ś.4; so वृक्षम्, नावम्, हयम्, रथम् (vṛkṣam, nāvam, hayam, ratham) &c.; चक्र°, दोला° (cakra°, dolā°).

2) Raised up, elevated on high.

3) Arisen, produced.

-ḍham Ascending, mounting; see अत्यारूढ (atyārūḍha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārūḍha (आरूढ).—[, Divyāvadāna 84.10, see s.v. ābṛḍha.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārūḍha (आरूढ).—mfn.

(-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Mounted, ascended, risen. 2. Raised up, elevated on high. E. āṅ before ruh to grow, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārūḍha (आरूढ).—[adjective] mounted, ridden by (—°), got, obtained; act. (having) mounted, riding, sitting or standing on ([locative], [accusative] or —°); come forth, risen; fallen into, got to ([accusative] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārūḍha (आरूढ):—[=ā-rūḍha] [from ā-ruh] mfn. mounted, ascended, bestridden (as a horse etc.), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] risen

3) [v.s. ...] raised up, elevated on high, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] undertaken

5) [v.s. ...] reached, brought to (often used in compounds e.g. indriyārūḍha, brought under the cognizance of the senses, perceived), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] having reached or attained, come into (a state), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Prabodha-candrodaya; Śakuntalā; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] one who has taken a vow, [Divyāvadāna]

8) [v.s. ...] n. the mounting, arising.

9) [v.s. ...] m. barley, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

11) [v.s. ...] n. leaping upon, covering, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārūḍha (आरूढ):—[ā-rūḍha] (ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) a. Mounted.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ārūḍha (आरूढ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āruhiya, Āruḍha, Ārohiya, Caḍia, Durūḍha, Valagga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Arūḍha (अरूढ):—(a) not established; obscure.

2) Ārūḍha (आरूढ):—(a) mounted; ascended.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āruḍha (आरुढ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ārūḍha.

Āruḍha has the following synonyms: Āruhiya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ārūḍha (ಆರೂಢ):—

1) [adjective] mounted on; climbed.

2) [adjective] got; obtained.

3) [adjective] undertaken; ventured.

--- OR ---

Ārūḍha (ಆರೂಢ):—

1) [noun] (phil.) one who has realised the self-knowledge; a mystic.

2) [noun] the art of domesticating the wild animals like elephant, horse etc. for human use.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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