Arthin, Arthi, Arthī: 18 definitions


Arthin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arthin (अर्थिन्) (Cf. Arthinī) refers to “one who desires”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada the birth of Menā’s daughter:—“[...] The beloved of the mountain worshipped the Goddess along with Śiva, joyously. She gave charitable gifts always to the brahmins for their satisfaction. Desirous [i.e., arthin] of obtaining a child, she worshipped Śivā everyday for twenty-seven years beginning it in the month of March-April. Observing a fast on the eighth day of the lunar fortnight, she made charitable gifts of sweets, offerings of oblation rice cakes, puddings and fragrant flowers on the ninth day. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Arthin (अर्थिन्) refers to “someone who desires something”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.133.—Accordingly, “A manifestation necessarily requires a cause as regards both [its] arising and [its] not arising. And if there is no such [cause], then [this manifestation] is causeless. And since as a consequence there is no relation of cause and effect, [someone] who wants a pot (ghaṭa-arthin) should not get clay [and] should not go see a family of potters; [and someone] who wants smoke (dhūma-arthin) should not get himself a fire. Moreover, the relation between the knowing subject and the object of knowledge has as its root the relation of cause and effect. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Arthin (अर्थिन्) refers to “one who is desirous of obtaining” (a kingdom), according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “One desirous of a kingdom (rājya-arthin), one who has been deprived of it or one conquered by [other] rulers, after having paid respect with large masses of wealth to the supreme Guru, the giver of Sudarśana’s Yantra, considering [him] superior to all, should propitiate God Nārāyaṇa - who has large eyes like lotuses, is [of] dark [complexion], clad in a yellow garment, adorned with all ornaments and with four arms - following the rules given by the teacher. [...]”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Arthi in India is the name of a plant defined with Bauhinia racemosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Piliostigma racemosum (Lam.) Benth. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Plantae Junghuhnianae (1852)
· Symbolae Botanicae (1794)
· Bulletin of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University (2000)
· Iranian Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2004)
· Bulletin of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University (1995)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1785)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Arthi, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Arthī (अर्थी).—m S A petitioner, supplicant, beggar. 2 In comp. That wants, wishes, desires, seeks. Ex. vidyārthī, dhanārthī, putrārthī, mōkṣārthī, phalārthī, yaśārthī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Arthī (अर्थी).—m A petitioner, beggar. In comp. That wants.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arthin (अर्थिन्).—a. [arth-ini]

1) Seeking to gain or obtain, wishing for, desirous of, with instr. or in comp. अर्थिनश्च राजानो हिरण्येन भवन्ति (arthinaśca rājāno hiraṇyena bhavanti) | MBh. on P.I.1.1. etc. तुषैरर्थिनः (tuṣairarthinaḥ) Daśakumāracarita 132; कोषदण्डाभ्याम्° (koṣadaṇḍābhyām°) Mu.5; को वधेन ममार्थी स्यात् (ko vadhena mamārthī syāt) Mb., Ve.6.25; अर्थार्थी (arthārthī) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.4, अर्थार्थी जीवलोकोऽयम् (arthārthī jīvaloko'yam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.9.

2) Entreating or begging anyone (with gen.); सर्वत्र मण्डूकवधः क्रियतामिति यो मयाऽर्यी (sarvatra maṇḍūkavadhaḥ kriyatāmiti yo mayā'ryī) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.192.24. अर्थी वररुचिर्मेऽस्तु (arthī vararucirme'stu) Ks.

3) Possessed of desires; अनर्थी प्रार्थ- नावहः (anarthī prārtha- nāvahaḥ) R.1.18. m.

1) One who asks, begs or solicits; a beggar, suppliant, suitor; यथाकामार्चितार्थिनाम् (yathākāmārcitārthinām) R.1.6; 2.64;4.31;9.27; कोऽर्थी गतो गौरवम् (ko'rthī gato gauravam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.146; One who asks for a girl in marriage, a wooer; Y.1.6; कन्या- रत्नमयोनिजन्म भवतामास्ते वयं चार्थिनः (kanyā- ratnamayonijanma bhavatāmāste vayaṃ cārthinaḥ) Mv.1.3.

2) (In law) A plaintiff, complainant, prosecutor; स धर्मस्थसखः शश्वदर्थि- प्रत्यर्थिनां स्वयम् । ददर्श संशयच्छेद्यान् व्यवहारानतन्द्रितः (sa dharmasthasakhaḥ śaśvadarthi- pratyarthināṃ svayam | dadarśa saṃśayacchedyān vyavahārānatandritaḥ) R.17.39; अर्थी कार्यं निवेदयेत् (arthī kāryaṃ nivedayet) Śukra.4.575; सभान्तः साक्षिणः प्राप्तानर्थि- प्रत्यर्थिसन्निधौ (sabhāntaḥ sākṣiṇaḥ prāptānarthi- pratyarthisannidhau) Manusmṛti 8.79.

3) A servant, follower.

4) A master or lord.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthin (अर्थिन्).—mfn. (-rthī-rthinī-rthi) 1. One who asks or begs for any thing. 2. One who seeks to effect or gain a purpose or object. m. (-rthī) 1. A servant. 2. A follower, a companion or partizan. 3. A plaintiff, a prosecutor. 4. A beggar, a petitioner. E. artha asking, &c. ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthin (अर्थिन्).—i. e. artha + in, adj., f. . 1. Full of desire, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 48, 18; with instr. bhāryayā cārthī, Longing after a wife, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 24, 4. vadhena mamārthī, Desiring my death, [Böhtlingk, Sanskrit Chrestomathy.] 114, 27. 2. A beggar, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 36; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 20. 3. A plaintiff, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthin (अर्थिन्).—[adjective] having an object, industrious, eager; wanting, poor, desirous of ([instrumental] or —°), begging, a beggar or petitioner, amorous, wooing, a wooer, suitor, plaintiff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arthin (अर्थिन्):—[from artha] mfn. active, industrious, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] (cf arthet above)

3) [v.s. ...] one who wants or desires anything ([instrumental case] or in [compound]; cf. putrārthin, balārthin)

4) [v.s. ...] supplicating or entreating any one ([genitive case])

5) [v.s. ...] longing for, libidinous, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 48, 18]

6) [v.s. ...] m. one who asks for a girl in marriage, a wooer, [Yājñavalkya i, 60; Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] a beggar, petitioner, suitor, [Manu-smṛti xi, 1, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] one who supplicates with prayers, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

9) [v.s. ...] a plaintiff, prosecutor, [Manu-smṛti viii, 62 and 79; Yājñavalkya ii, 6]

10) [v.s. ...] a servant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a follower, companion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthi (अर्थि):—[from artha] (in [compound] for arthin).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthin (अर्थिन्):—[arthi-n] (thī) m. A servant, a beggar.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arthin (अर्थिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṭṭhi, Atthi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arthin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Arthī (अर्थी):—(nf) a bier; (nm) a petitioner; (a) desirous; suppliant.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arthi (ಅರ್ಥಿ):—

1) [noun] love; affection.

2) [noun] joy; pleasure.

3) [noun] interest; inclination of the mind.

--- OR ---

Arthi (ಅರ್ಥಿ):—

1) [noun] a man who desires, seeks, begs; beggar; seeker.

2) [noun] a man employed to perform services; a servant.

3) [noun] he who brings a suit into a court of law; a complainant; a plaintiff.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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