Arsha, aka: Arsa, Arśa, Arṣa, Ārṣa, Ārśa; 9 Definition(s)


Arsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Arśa and Arṣa and Ārṣa and Ārśa can be transliterated into English as Arsa or Arsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


Ārṣa (आर्ष).—A form of marriage. Brāhma is the form of marriage in which the bride is given to a man of good ancestry and fine character. Marriage by giving the bride after receiving a pair of cows from the bridegroom is called Ārṣa. Prājāpatya is the form of marriage in which the bride is given to the man who asks for her. When the bride is given with dowry, the marriage is known as Āsuram. Marriage with the mutual love and consent is Gāndharva. Capturing the bride after a fight and marrying her by force is Rākṣasa. Marriage after deceiving the bride is called Paiśāca. These are the seven types of marriage. According to the author of the Smṛti another form of marriage known as DAIVA is also mentioned. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 154).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ārṣa (आर्ष).—A form of marriage; girls to be given in the Ganges-Yamuna doab.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 106. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 24.

1b) Origin of; when the whole world was in a state of cetana-acetana knowledge like the fish in the water, the truth influenced by cetana arises with guṇa; kārya is the result of kāraṇa or reason; so also viṣaya is the result of viṣayitva and artha of arthitva; by this mahat and others function by degrees.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 63-8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Arśa (अर्श) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to “hemorrhoids”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Arśa (अर्श) refers to “piles” (Haemorrhoids: swellings containing enlarged blood vessels found inside or around the rectum and anus). Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 13 references of Vatsanābha usages. Cūrṇa is maximum (7) dosage form in the management of Arśa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—Derived from the holy sages; founded on sacred tradition, such as the Vedāṅgas;cf. कृत्स्नं च वेदाड्गमनिन्द्यमार्षम् (kṛtsnaṃ ca vedāḍgamanindyamārṣam) R. Prāt. XIV 30. The word is explained as स्वयंपाठ (svayaṃpāṭha) by the com. on Vāj Prāt. IX.2I, and as Vaidika saṃdhi on X.l3. Patañjali has looked upon the pada-pāṭha or Pada-text of the Saṃhitās of the Vedas, as anārṣa, as contrasted with the Saṃhitā text which is ārṣa; cf. आर्ष्याम् (ārṣyām) in the sense संहितायाम् (saṃhitāyām) R. Prāt. II.27; cf. also पदकारैर्नाम लक्षणमनुवर्त्यम् (padakārairnāma lakṣaṇamanuvartyam) M.Bh. on III.1.109.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Arṣa (hemorrhoids) is a Sanskrit medical term used in Ayurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

arśa (अर्श).—n m S corruptly arṣa n Disease of the anus, but particularly Hæmorrhoids or piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—m (Corr. from arśa S) Hæmorrhoids or piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—a (S) Relating to ṛṣi, saintly. 2 Sacred, holy, having authority--writings, institutes, knowledge. 3 fig. Dull, heavy, unheeding, superlatively stupid; inflexible in a preconception or determination; stupidly obstinate. 4 Foolish, silly, grossly absurd--speech, an opinion &c. Ex. mājhē śabda ārṣa nirdhāra || pari tumhī prīti ṭhēvilī ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arśa (अर्श).—n m Disease of the anus, piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—a Saintly; sacred; fig. Dull; Silly. m Piles.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arśa (अर्श).—a. Bringing misfortune, sinful; indecent.

-rśaḥ 1 Damage, hurt.

2) = अर्शस् (arśas) q. v.

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Ārśa (आर्श).—a. Belonging to the antelope.

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Ārṣa (आर्ष).—a. (-rṣī f.) [ऋषेरिदं अण् (ṛṣeridaṃ aṇ)]

1) Used by a Ṛiṣi only, relating or belonging to sages, beneficial to sages; शमो दमस्तथा धैर्यं सत्यं शौचमथार्जवम् । यज्ञो धृतिश्च धर्मश्च नित्यमार्षो विधिः स्मृतः (śamo damastathā dhairyaṃ satyaṃ śaucamathārjavam | yajño dhṛtiśca dharmaśca nityamārṣo vidhiḥ smṛtaḥ) || Mb.12.12.17; archaic, Vedic (opp. laukika or classical); आर्षः प्रयोगः (ārṣaḥ prayogaḥ); संबुद्धौ शाकल्यस्येतावनार्ष (saṃbuddhau śākalyasyetāvanārṣa) P.I.1.16 Sk.; आर्षे धर्मः (ārṣe dharmaḥ) Ms.3.29; Y.1.59; आर्षः प्रत्ययः (ārṣaḥ pratyayaḥ) P.II.4.58.

2) Sacred, holy, divine, superhuman; आदिकाव्यमिदं चार्षं पुरा वाल्मीकिना कृतम् (ādikāvyamidaṃ cārṣaṃ purā vālmīkinā kṛtam) Rām.6.128.15; U.6.

-rṣaḥ A form of marriage derived form the Ṛiṣis; one of the eight forms of marriage in which the father of the bride receives one or two pairs of cows from the bridegroom; आदायार्षस्तु गोद्वयम् (ādāyārṣastu godvayam) Y.1.59; Ms.3.53,9.196; for the names of the 8 forms see उद्वाह (udvāha); आर्षोढा (ārṣoḍhā) a wife married according to this form.

-rṣā A class of Vedic metres.

-rṣam 1 The holy text, the Vedas; आर्षं धर्मोपदेशं च वेदशास्त्रा- विरोधिना (ārṣaṃ dharmopadeśaṃ ca vedaśāstrā- virodhinā) Ms.12.16.

2) Sacred descent.

3) Derivation (of a poem) from a Ṛiṣi author.

-ārṣadharam Name of a Sāman.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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