Arsha, Arsa, Arśa, Arṣa, Ārṣa, Ārśa: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Arśa and Arṣa and Ārṣa and Ārśa can be transliterated into English as Arsa or Arsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—A form of marriage. Brāhma is the form of marriage in which the bride is given to a man of good ancestry and fine character. Marriage by giving the bride after receiving a pair of cows from the bridegroom is called Ārṣa. Prājāpatya is the form of marriage in which the bride is given to the man who asks for her. When the bride is given with dowry, the marriage is known as Āsuram. Marriage with the mutual love and consent is Gāndharva. Capturing the bride after a fight and marrying her by force is Rākṣasa. Marriage after deceiving the bride is called Paiśāca. These are the seven types of marriage. According to the author of the Smṛti another form of marriage known as DAIVA is also mentioned. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 154).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ārṣa (आर्ष).—A form of marriage; girls to be given in the Ganges-Yamuna doab.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 106. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 24.

1b) Origin of; when the whole world was in a state of cetana-acetana knowledge like the fish in the water, the truth influenced by cetana arises with guṇa; kārya is the result of kāraṇa or reason; so also viṣaya is the result of viṣayitva and artha of arthitva; by this mahat and others function by degrees.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 63-8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Arśa (अर्श) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to “hemorrhoids”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Arśa (अर्श) refers to “piles” (Haemorrhoids: swellings containing enlarged blood vessels found inside or around the rectum and anus). Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 13 references of Vatsanābha usages. Cūrṇa is maximum (7) dosage form in the management of Arśa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Arśa (अर्श) refers to “piles” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning arśa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—Derived from the holy sages; founded on sacred tradition, such as the Vedāṅgas;cf. कृत्स्नं च वेदाड्गमनिन्द्यमार्षम् (kṛtsnaṃ ca vedāḍgamanindyamārṣam) R. Prāt. XIV 30. The word is explained as स्वयंपाठ (svayaṃpāṭha) by the com. on Vāj Prāt. IX.2I, and as Vaidika saṃdhi on X.l3. Patañjali has looked upon the pada-pāṭha or Pada-text of the Saṃhitās of the Vedas, as anārṣa, as contrasted with the Saṃhitā text which is ārṣa; cf. आर्ष्याम् (ārṣyām) in the sense संहितायाम् (saṃhitāyām) R. Prāt. II.27; cf. also पदकारैर्नाम लक्षणमनुवर्त्यम् (padakārairnāma lakṣaṇamanuvartyam) M.Bh. on III.1.109.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Ārsa (आर्स) refers to “icons in places installed by Ṛṣis”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—As far as the Jīrṇoddhāraṇa (renovation) metal icons are concerned, the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas lay special rules because the authors of the Āgamas obviously knew the value and re-usable condition of metals. [...] Some special rules are prescribed in the Vaiṣṇava Āgamas regarding the jīrṇoddhāraṇa of the metal icons installed in the places generally known as svayaṃvyakta (self-emanated), divya (installed by divinities), saiddha (installed by Siddhas) and ārsa (installed by Ṛṣis). In the renovation process, the permission to correct the characteristics (lakṣaṇa) of the icon is not admissible in these aforesaid places. The measurements and characteristics less or more, the same material is to be retained as it were. [...]

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Arṣa (hemorrhoids) is a Sanskrit medical term used in Ayurveda.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arśa (अर्श).—n m S corruptly arṣa n Disease of the anus, but particularly Hæmorrhoids or piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—m (Corr. from arśa S) Hæmorrhoids or piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—a (S) Relating to ṛṣi, saintly. 2 Sacred, holy, having authority--writings, institutes, knowledge. 3 fig. Dull, heavy, unheeding, superlatively stupid; inflexible in a preconception or determination; stupidly obstinate. 4 Foolish, silly, grossly absurd--speech, an opinion &c. Ex. mājhē śabda ārṣa nirdhāra || pari tumhī prīti ṭhēvilī ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

arśa (अर्श).—n m Disease of the anus, piles.

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ārṣa (आर्ष).—a Saintly; sacred; fig. Dull; Silly. m Piles.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arśa (अर्श).—a. Bringing misfortune, sinful; indecent.

-rśaḥ 1 Damage, hurt.

2) = अर्शस् (arśas) q. v.

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Ārśa (आर्श).—a. Belonging to the antelope.

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Ārṣa (आर्ष).—a. (-rṣī f.) [ऋषेरिदं अण् (ṛṣeridaṃ aṇ)]

1) Used by a Ṛiṣi only, relating or belonging to sages, beneficial to sages; शमो दमस्तथा धैर्यं सत्यं शौचमथार्जवम् । यज्ञो धृतिश्च धर्मश्च नित्यमार्षो विधिः स्मृतः (śamo damastathā dhairyaṃ satyaṃ śaucamathārjavam | yajño dhṛtiśca dharmaśca nityamārṣo vidhiḥ smṛtaḥ) || Mb.12.12.17; archaic, Vedic (opp. laukika or classical); आर्षः प्रयोगः (ārṣaḥ prayogaḥ); संबुद्धौ शाकल्यस्येतावनार्ष (saṃbuddhau śākalyasyetāvanārṣa) P.I.1.16 Sk.; आर्षे धर्मः (ārṣe dharmaḥ) Ms.3.29; Y.1.59; आर्षः प्रत्ययः (ārṣaḥ pratyayaḥ) P.II.4.58.

2) Sacred, holy, divine, superhuman; आदिकाव्यमिदं चार्षं पुरा वाल्मीकिना कृतम् (ādikāvyamidaṃ cārṣaṃ purā vālmīkinā kṛtam) Rām.6.128.15; U.6.

-rṣaḥ A form of marriage derived form the Ṛiṣis; one of the eight forms of marriage in which the father of the bride receives one or two pairs of cows from the bridegroom; आदायार्षस्तु गोद्वयम् (ādāyārṣastu godvayam) Y.1.59; Ms.3.53,9.196; for the names of the 8 forms see उद्वाह (udvāha); आर्षोढा (ārṣoḍhā) a wife married according to this form.

-rṣā A class of Vedic metres.

-rṣam 1 The holy text, the Vedas; आर्षं धर्मोपदेशं च वेदशास्त्रा- विरोधिना (ārṣaṃ dharmopadeśaṃ ca vedaśāstrā- virodhinā) Ms.12.16.

2) Sacred descent.

3) Derivation (of a poem) from a Ṛiṣi author.

-ārṣadharam Name of a Sāman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—[, corruption for ārṣabha, adj., q.v.: Bodhisattvabhūmi 385.17; Gaṇḍavyūha 401.8.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arśa (अर्श).—n.

(-rśaṃ) Hœmorrhoids, piles. Also arśas.

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Ārṣa (आर्ष).—mfn.

(-rṣaḥ-rṣī-rṣaṃ) Relating or belonging to or derived from a Rishi. m.

(-rṣaḥ) A form of marriage, the father of the bride receiving one or two pair of kine from the bridegroom. n.

(-rṣaṃ) The Vedas. f.

(-rṣā) One of the orders of the metres of the Vedas. E. ṛṣi and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—i. e. ṛṣi + a, I. adj. f. ṣī. 1. Referring to the Ṛṣis. 2. Ordained by or practised by the Ṛṣis, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 21; 12, 106. Ii. m. A form of marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 53. Iii. n. Holy lineage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārṣa (आर्ष).—[feminine] ī belonging to or derived from the Ṛṣis, archaic. [masculine] (± vivāha) a cert. form of marriage. [neuter] holy text or Veda; sacred origin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arśa (अर्श):—m. (√ṛś), ‘damage’ See anarśa-rāti, (for arśas) hemorrhoids, piles, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Ārśa (आर्श):—mfn. ([from] ṛśya), belonging to the antelope, [Atharva-veda iv, 4, 5.]

3) Ārṣa (आर्ष):—mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to or derived from Ṛṣis (id est. the poets of the Vedic and other old hymns), archaistic, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) m. a form of marriage derived from the Ṛṣis (the father of the bride receiving one or two pairs of kine from the bridegroom), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra i, 6, 4; Manu-smṛti iii, 21; Yājñavalkya i, 58] (cf. vivāha)

5) n. the speech of a Ṛṣi, the holy text, the Vedas, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Manu-smṛti]

6) sacred descent [commentator or commentary] on [Lāṭyāyana; Yājñavalkya]

7) the derivation (of a poem) from a Ṛṣi author.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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