Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.67.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वं सु॑ष्वा॒णो अद्रि॑भिर॒भ्य॑र्ष॒ कनि॑क्रदत् । द्यु॒मन्तं॒ शुष्म॑मुत्त॒मम् ॥
त्वं सुष्वाणो अद्रिभिरभ्यर्ष कनिक्रदत् । द्युमन्तं शुष्ममुत्तमम् ॥
tvaṃ suṣvāṇo adribhir abhy arṣa kanikradat | dyumantaṃ śuṣmam uttamam ||

English translation:

“Do you when effused by the stones proceed resounding (to the vessel); (grant) bright excellent strength.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): bharadvājaḥ [bharadvāja];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वम् । सु॒स्वा॒नः । अद्रि॑ऽभिः । अ॒भि । अ॒र्ष॒ । कनि॑क्रदत् । द्यु॒ऽमन्त॑म् । शुष्म॑म् । उ॒त्ऽत॒मम् ॥
त्वम् । सुस्वानः । अद्रिभिः । अभि । अर्ष । कनिक्रदत् । द्युमन्तम् । शुष्मम् । उत्तमम् ॥
tvam | susvānaḥ | adri-bhiḥ | abhi | arṣa | kanikradat | dyu-mantam | śuṣmam | ut-tamam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.67.3 English analysis of grammar]

tvaṃ < tvam < tvad

[noun], nominative, singular

“you.”

suṣvāṇo < suṣvāṇaḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“press out; su.”

adribhir < adribhiḥ < adri

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“mountain; rock; seven; stone; adri; grindstone; adri; rock.”

abhy < abhi

[adverb]

“towards; on.”

arṣa < ṛṣ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“run.”

kanikradat < kanikrad < √krand

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“roar; neigh.”

dyumantaṃ < dyumantam < dyumat

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“bright; brilliant; brilliant; loud.”

śuṣmam < śuṣma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“vigor; energy; fire; hiss; courage.”

uttamam < uttama

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“best; excellent; highest; better; extreme; last; first; topmost; chief(a); higher; highest; maximal; uttama [word]; prevailing; finest.”

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