Arthadatta; 1 Definition(s)


Arthadatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

[Arthadatta in Katha glossaries]

1) Arthadatta (अर्थदत्त) is the friend of Īśvaravarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 57. The story of Arthadatta and Īśvaravarman was narrated by Marubhūti to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “courtesans have no goodness of character”, in other words, that “there never dwells in the minds of courtesans even an atom of truth, unalloyed with treachery, so a man who desires prosperity should not take pleasure in them, as their society is only to be gained by the wealthy, any more than in uninhabited woods to be crossed only with a caravan”.

2) Arthadatta (अर्थदत्त) is the name of a merchatnt (vaṇij) from Kāmandakī (Kāmandikā), as mentioned in the third story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 77. Accordingly, “... there is on the earth a famous city of the name of Kāmandakī. In it there was a rich merchant of the name of Arthadatta. And he had a son born to him of the name of Dhanadatta”.

Arthadatta is also mentioned as hailing from Anaṅgapura, as mentioned in the tenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 84. Accordingly, “... he [king Vīrabāhu] had a splendid city named Anaṅgapura, and in it there lived a rich merchant named Arthadatta; that merchant-prince had for elder child a son named Dhanadatta, and his younger child was a pearl of maidens, named Madanasenā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Arthadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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1) Vīrabāhu (वीरबाहु).—A brother of Subrahmaṇya. It is stated in Skanda Purāṇa, that this Vīrab...
Kāmandakī (कामन्दकी) or Kāmandikā is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the third sto...
1) Dhanadatta (धनदत्त) is the name of a rich merchant from the city Tāmraliptā, whose story is ...
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