Arthadatta: 1 definition

Introduction

Arthadatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (A) next»] — Arthadatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Arthadatta (अर्थदत्त) is the friend of Īśvaravarman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 57. The story of Arthadatta and Īśvaravarman was narrated by Marubhūti to Naravāhanadatta in order to demonstrate that “courtesans have no goodness of character”, in other words, that “there never dwells in the minds of courtesans even an atom of truth, unalloyed with treachery, so a man who desires prosperity should not take pleasure in them, as their society is only to be gained by the wealthy, any more than in uninhabited woods to be crossed only with a caravan”.

2) Arthadatta (अर्थदत्त) is the name of a merchatnt (vaṇij) from Kāmandakī (Kāmandikā), as mentioned in the third story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 77. Accordingly, “... there is on the earth a famous city of the name of Kāmandakī. In it there was a rich merchant of the name of Arthadatta. And he had a son born to him of the name of Dhanadatta”.

3) Arthadatta (अर्थदत्त) is the name of a merchant from Viśālā, according to the twenty-first story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 95. Accordingly, “... in the reign of that king [Padmanābha] there lived in that city [Viśālā] a great merchant, named Arthadatta, who surpassed in opulence the God of Wealth. And to him there was born a daughter named Anaṅgamañjarī, who was exhibited on earth by the Creator as a likeness of a heavenly nymph”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Arthadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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