Agara, Agāra, Āgāra: 18 definitions



Agara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Agar.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Āgāra (आगार) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Agara.—(EI 19), a corrupt form of agrahāra, often noticed in Tamil inscriptions. Note: agara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Āgara (आगर) is the name of an ancient locality, associated with Kaṇṇāṇaya, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—[(51) 96.20], § 5: Atlas a E 4; today Āgra, 27 ° 10'N. and 78 ° 3'E. on the right bank of the Yamunā, in Uttar Pradesh (Āgra district): IGI V p. 82-91.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

agāra : (nt.) house; a dwelling place.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Agāra, (nt.) (cp. Sk. agāra, probably with the a- of communion; Gr. a)gei(rw to collect, a)gorά market. Cp. in meaning & etym. gaha1). — 1. house or hut, usually implying the comforts of living at home as opp. to anagāra homelessness or the state of a homeless wanderer (mendicant). See anagāriyā. — Thus frequent in two phrases contrasting the state of a householder (or layman, cp. gihin), with that of a religious wanderer (pabbajita), viz. (a.) kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati “to shave off hair & beard, put on the yellow robes, and wander forth out of the home into the homeless state” D.I, 60 etc.; cp. Nd2 172II. See also S.I, 185 (agārasmā anagāriyaṃ nikkhanta); M.II, 55 (agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā); Sn.274, 805 (°ṃ āvasati), and with pabbajita D.I, 89, 115, 202, 230; Pv.II, 1317. — (b.) of a “rājā cakkavattin” compared with a “sambuddha”: sace agāraṃ āvasati vijeyya paṭhaviṃ imaṃ adaṇḍena asatthena . . . sace ca so pabbajati agārā anagāriyaṃ vivaṭacchado sambuddho arahā bhavissati “he will become the greatest king when he stays at home, but the greatest saint when he takes up the homeless life”, the prophesy made for the infant Gotama D.II, 16; Sn.1002, 1003. — Further passages for agāra e. g. Vin.I, 15; D.I, 102 (BB. has v. l. agyâgāra, but DA.I, 270 expl. as dānâgāra); A.I, 156, 281; II, 52 sq.; Dh.14, 140; J.I, 51, 56; III, 392; Dpvs. I.36. — 2. anagāra (adj.) houseless, homeless; a mendicant (opp. gahaṭṭha) Sn.628 = Dh.404; Sn.639, 640 (+ paribbaje); Pv.II, 25 (= anāvāsa PvA.80). — (nt.) the homeless state (= anagāriyā) Sn.376. See also agga2. — 3. °āgāra: Owing to frequent occurrence of agāra at the end of cpds. of which the first word ends in a, we have a dozen quite familiar words ending apparently in āgāra. This form has been considered therefore as a proper doublet of agāra. This however is wrong. The long ā is simply a contraction of the short a at the end of the first part of the cpd. with the short a at the beginning of agāra. Of the cpds. the most common are: — āgantuk° reception hall for strangers or guests S.IV, 219; V, 21. — itth° lady’s bower S.I, 58, 89. — kūṭ° a house with a peaked roof, or with gables S.II, 103. 263; III, 156; IV, 186; V, 43; A.I, 230; III, 10, 364; IV, 231; V, 21. —koṭṭh° storehouse, granary D.I, 134 (cp. DA.I, 295); S.I, 89. —tiṇ° a house covered with grass S.IV, 185; A.I, 101. —bhus° threshing shed, barn A.I, 241. —santh° a council hall D.I, 91; II, 147; S.IV, 182; V, 453; A.II, 207; IV, 179 sq. —suññ° an uninhabited shed; solitude S.V, 89, 157, 310 sq., 329 sq.; A.I, 241 (v. l. for bhusâgāra); III, 353; IV, 139, 392, 437; V, 88, 109, 323 sq. (Page 3)

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Āgāra, (-°) see agāra. (Page 95)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

agara (अगर).—m n (agaru S) Aloe-wood, Aquilaria agallochum. Rox.

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agara (अगर).—conj ( P If.) Or.

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agāra (अगार).—n S A house. In comp. as krīḍāgāra Pleasure-house; dhanāgāra Treasury; dhānyāgāra Granary; bhāṇḍāgāra Magazine or store-room; dēvāgāra Penetralia or adytum; śayanāgāra Dormitory; śastrāgāra; Arsenal; agnyagāra, jalāgāra, nyāyāgāra, madyāgāra, snānāgāra.

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āgara (आगर).—m n (ākara S) A plantation (of Cocoanut, Betelnut, or other fruit-trees). 2 (Or miṭhāgara) A tract on the sea-shore on which salterns are established. 3 An enclosure around a house sown or planted. 4 fig. A place or spot gen. of abundance or particular prevalence: as vidyēcā ā0 The seat of science (Benares); gāṇyācā ā0 The land of song (Hindustan); hā kēvaḷa śāstrācā ā0 āhē He is a very mine of sacred science.

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āgara (आगर).—n (Poetry. agra S) Point, tip, nib, end. Ex. miṣṭānnācī gōḍī jivhēcyā āgarīṃ || masaka bharalyā- varī svāda nēṇēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

agara (अगर) [-ru, -रु].—m n Aloe-wood. conj Or.

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agāra (अगार).—n A house.

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āgara (आगर).—m n A plantation. Compound. n Point. hā kēvaḷa vidyēcā āgara āhē He is a very mine of learning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agāra (अगार).—[agaṃ na gacchantaṃ ṛcchati prāpnoti aga-ṛ-aṇ. Tv.] A house; शून्यानि चाप्यगाराणि (śūnyāni cāpyagārāṇi) Ms.9.265; °दाहिन् (dāhin) an incendiary अगारदाही गरदः (agāradāhī garadaḥ)3.158, See आगार (āgāra).

Derivable forms: agāram (अगारम्).

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Āgara (आगर).—[āgṝ-ap] The day of new moon (amāvāsyā).

Derivable forms: āgaraḥ (आगरः).

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Āgāra (आगार).—[āgamṛcchati ṛ aṇ] A house, dwelling; room, covered place.

Derivable forms: āgāram (आगारम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Agāra (अगार).—nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7705 = Tibetan yid yal, which also renders āgāra, q.v.

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Āgāra (आगार).—(1) m., a high number: °raḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7831 = Tibetan yid yal; cited from Gaṇḍavyūha, but Gaṇḍavyūha 133.1 reads magara; see also agāra; (2) see stry-āgāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agāra (अगार).—n.

(-raṃ) A house. See āgāra E. aga a mountain, and to go; rising like a hill.

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Āgāra (आगार).—n.

(-raṃ) A house, a dwelling: see agāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agāra (अगार).— (probably akin to agni, and originally a hearth), n. A house, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 265.

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Āgāra (आगार).— (perhaps agāra + a), n. A house, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agāra (अगार).—[neuter] ([masculine]) house. dāhin burning a house, incendiary.

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Āgāra (आगार).—[neuter] room, dwelling, house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agāra (अगार):—(rarely as, m.) n. house, apartment (cf. āgāra).

2) a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

3) Āgara (आगर):—[=ā-gara] a See ā- √1. gṝ.

4) Āgāra (आगार):—n. (= ag q.v.) apartment, dwelling, house, [Manu-smṛti vi, 41 & 51; Suśruta etc.]

5) a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

6) Āgara (आगर):—[=ā-gara] [from ā-gṝ] b m. ? = prati-krośa q.v. (cf. also amā-vāsya.)

7) [v.s. ...] [according to] to others = āgāra.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Agāra (अगार):—[Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 79. 4, 4, 70.] n. Behausung, Haus [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 4. 11.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 992.] m. n. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 14.] * An diesen drei Stellen steht das Wort im Compositum hinter einem auf a auslautenden Worte, so dass es sich nicht bestimmen lässt, ob agāra oder āgāra gemeint ist. [BHARATA] zu [Amarakoṣa] [?(im Śabdakalpadruma)] und die Scholien zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi] heben das kurze a hervor. brāhmaṇyāḥ agāra etāṃ rātrīṃ vaset [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 7. 2, 9.] śūnyāni cāpyagarāṇi [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 265.] khalātkṣetrādagārādvā [11, 17.] saptāgārāṃścaredbhaikṣam [11, 122.] agāradāhin Brandstifter [3, 158.] Derivate von Compositis auf agāra [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 70.] — Vgl. āgāra, agnyagāra, anagāra .

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Āgara (आगर):—wohl = āgāra [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 36, 3] (s. u. amāvāsya).

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Āgāra (आगार):—n. Gemach, bedeckter Raum, Wohnung [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 185.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 41. 51.] [Suśruta 1, 18, 1. 2, 47, 12. 51, 20. 90, 11. 165, 4. 6.] — Vgl. agāra, agnyāgāra, āgara .

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Āgāra (आगार):—[Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 187, 1.] — Vgl. noch antarāgāra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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