Adhas, Adhah, Adhaḥ: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Adhas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Adhas (अधस्, “nadir”) represents one of the “two directions above and below” (paṭidisā in Pali), itself part of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Adhas, Adhastāt or Heṣṭhimā (?) is a Sanskrit word which is known in Pali as adho or heṭṭhimā, in Tibetan as ḥog and in Chinese as hia.

2) Adhas (अधस्, “nadir”).—According to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra Chapter XV (the arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the ten directions), “in the region of the nadir (adhas), beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the extreme limit of these universes, there is the universe called Houa (Padma); its Buddha is called Houa tö (Padmaśrī) and its bodhisattva Houa chang (Padmottara)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Adhas (अधस्, “downwards”) or Adhovyatikrama refers to “exceeding the limits for movement set in the downwards directions”, representing one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “vow of directional limits” (digvirati): one of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 28.—What is meant by exceeding the limit of downward movement (adho-vyatikrama)? To go below in wells or sea etc beyond the lowest downward movement limit set is exceeding the limit of downward movement.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adhaḥ.—cf. s-ādha-ūrdhva (IE 8-5); what is below the surface of the ground; root-crops. Note: adhaḥ is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Adhaḥ (अधः).—ad S Down, downwards, below.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Adhaḥ (अधः).—ad Below, down, downwards.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhas (अधस्).—ind. [adhara-asi, adharaśavdasthāne adh ādeśaḥ P.V.3.39.]

1) Below, down; पतत्यधो धाम विसारि सर्वतः (patatyadho dhāma visāri sarvataḥ) Śi.1.2; in lower region, to the infernal regions or hell; व्यसन्यधोऽधो व्रजति स्वर्यात्यव्यसनी मृतः (vyasanyadho'dho vrajati svaryātyavyasanī mṛtaḥ) Ms.7.53. (According to the context adhaḥ may have the sense of the nominative, °aṅkuśaḥ &c.; ablative, adho vṛkṣāt patati; or locative, adho gṛhe śete).

2) Beneath, under, used like a preposition with gen.; तरूणाम्° (tarūṇām°) Ś.1.14; rarely with abl. also; बाहित्थं तु ततोऽप्यधः (bāhitthaṃ tu tato'pyadhaḥ) Hemachandra; (when repeated) lower and lower, down and down; अधोधः पश्यतः कस्य महिमा नोपचीयते (adhodhaḥ paśyataḥ kasya mahimā nopacīyate) H.2.2; यात्यधोधो- व्रजत्युच्चैर्नरः स्वैरेव कर्मभिः (yātyadhodho- vrajatyuccairnaraḥ svaireva karmabhiḥ) H.2.47; अधोधो गङ्गेयं पदमुपगता स्तोकं (adhodho gaṅgeyaṃ padamupagatā stokaṃ) Bh.2.1; from under, just below (with acc.); नवानधोऽधो बृहतः पयोधरान् (navānadho'dho bṛhataḥ payodharān) Śi.1.4. In comp. with nouns अधः (adhaḥ) has the sense of (a) lower, under, as °भुवनं, °लोकः (bhuvanaṃ, °lokaḥ) the lower world; °वासः (vāsaḥ) or °अंशुकम् (aṃśukam) an under-garment; or (b) the lower part; °कायः (kāyaḥ) the lower part of the body; अधःकृ (adhaḥkṛ) means to surpass, eclipse, overcome, vanquish, despise, scorn; तपः शरीरैः कठिनैरुपार्जितं तपस्विनां दूरमधश्चकार सा (tapaḥ śarīraiḥ kaṭhinairupārjitaṃ tapasvināṃ dūramadhaścakāra sā) Ku.5.29; अधःकृताशेषान्तःपुरेण (adhaḥkṛtāśeṣāntaḥpureṇa) K.177; °कृतकुसुमायुधं (kṛtakusumāyudhaṃ) 179; Śi.1.35; क्षितिप्रतिष्ठोऽपि मुखारविन्दैवर्धूजनश्च- न्द्रमधश्चकार (kṣitipratiṣṭho'pi mukhāravindaivardhūjanaśca- ndramadhaścakāra) 3.52; °कृतैनसः (kṛtainasaḥ) Śi.16.8. dispelled. (c) अधस्, अधस्तात् (adhas, adhastāt) -Pudendum muliebre.

Derivable forms: adhaḥ (अधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhas (अधस्).—ind. 1. Down, downwards, below. 2. The lower or infernal regions. 3. Pudendum muliebre. E. adhara with asi affix, and ra dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhas (अधस्).—[a + dhas] (cf. idam). I. adv. 1. Underneath. 2. Low, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 224. 3. Down, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 214; to hell, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 53. Ii. prepos. Under, with the gen., [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 59, and abl. [Pañcatantra] 115, 25. Iii. doubled: adhodhas, i. e. adhas-adhas, adv. 1. Lower and lower, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 53. 2. One below the other.

— Cf. and see adhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhas (अधस्).—[adverb] below, down; adhodhas deeper and deeper. With kṛ put low, despise; [with] pat sink down. As [preposition] under, below, [with] [accusative] (also adhodhas), [genetive], [ablative], & —°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhaḥ (अधः):—etc. See adhas.

2) Adhas (अधस्):—ind. (See adhara), below, down

3) in the lower region

4) beneath, under

5) from under (with [accusative] [genitive case], and [ablative])

6) also applied to the lower region and to the pudendum muliebre

7) cf. [Latin] infra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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