Gojihva, Gojihvā, Go-jihva: 9 definitions



Gojihva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा) is a Sanskrit word [probably] referring to Onosma bracteatum, from the Boraginaceae family. Certain plant parts of Gojihvā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Gojikā, Gobhī, Dārvikā and Kharaparṇinī. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Other sources identify Gojihvā with Launea asplenifolia, Elephantopus scaber or Leucas aspera.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Onosma bracteatum Wall. (“true indigo”) from the Boraginaceae or “borage” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.86-87 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Gojihvā is known in the Hindi language as Gojihvā; in the Marathi and Gujarati language as Gāvajavān. Note: Though a much used famous plant, Gojihvā remained controversial since the times of commentators of Saṃhitas.

Gojihvā is mentioned as having six synonyms: Kharapatrī, Pratanā, Dārvikā, Adhomukhā, Dhenujihvā and Adhaḥpuṣpī.

Properties and characteristics: “Gojihvā is pungent and quick acting (tīvrā) cooling and alleviates pitta-doṣa. It accelerates wound healing. The specific use of Gojihvā is in the affections of the teeth”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा).—Name of a plant (Mar. pātharī).

Gojihvā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and jihvā (जिह्वा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा).—f.

(-hvā) A potherb growing wild. (Elephantophus scaber.) E. go a cow, and jihvā a tongue: the leaves being so compared; also with kan added gojihvakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा):—[=go-jihvā] [from go] f. Name of a plant (Phlomis or Premna esculenta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Elephantopus scaber, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Coix barbata or a kind of Hieracium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Caraka i, 27, 86; Suśruta i, 46, 4, 51.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा):—(go + jihvā) f. Name einer Pflanze, nach [COLEBR.] viell. Phlomis esculenta Roxb., nach [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] Elephantopus scaber, nach [HAUGHT.] ein Hieracium; gojiā im Beng. ist nach [HAUGHT.] Premna esculenta; = dārvikā [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 4, 7.] = gavedhukā [Ratnamālā 313. -] [Suśruta 1, 221, 4.] Auch gojihvikā [Medinīkoṣa th. 19.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 1, 221, 10. 2, 102, 6.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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