Tiryagga, Tiryanc-ga: 8 definitions


Tiryagga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग) refers to a “(rising) horizon”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“From this authority, the seventy-million mantras arise. The terminal letter shining with various light, [which is the] split belly of the moon [j], is placed upon a hook [u], and yoked with the last rising horizon (tiryagga-anta-ūrdhva-yojita) [i.e., the wind or last labial nasalization] []. That which is described is celebrated in the world as the supreme Amṛta [sa], this is the highest dwelling place. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग) or Tiryaggatva refers to the “state of plants and animals”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Also when a corporeal [soul] who is complete, having consciousness, with five senses [and] possessing limbs thus comes into being among the plants and animals [com.—as a plant or animal (tiryaggatve) from that (tataḥ), from that (tasmāt) cause (kāraṇāt)] then it is not because of a very small diminution in shameful deeds. When sentient beings attain here the human state endowed with attributes characterized by place, birth, etc. that is because of the insignificance of [their] actions, I think”.

Synonyms: Tiryañc, Tiryaga.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग).—an animal.

Derivable forms: tiryaggaḥ (तिर्यग्गः).

Tiryagga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tiryac and ga (ग). See also (synonyms): tiryañcaga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग).—i. e. tiryañc-ga, adj. 1. Moving crookedly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 12, 6 Gorr. 2. Moving horizontally, [Suśruta] 1, 43, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग).—[adjective] going obliquely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tiryagga (तिर्यग्ग):—[=tiryag-ga] [from tiryag > tiraḥ] mf(ā)n. going obliquely or horizontally, [Suśruta i, 14, 1; ii, 1; iii, 9]

2) [v.s. ...] going towards the north or south, [Rāmāyaṇa (G) ii, 12, 6.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Tiryagga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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