Adhivasa, Adhivāsa, Adhīvāsa: 12 definitions


Adhivasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Adhivāsa (अधिवास) refers to the “the teacher’s abobe”, as in, living in the house of the teacher. Also see vivāsa (solitude). It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhivasa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adhivāsa (अधिवास) refers to the “offering of fragrance” and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] with the mantra ‘Yāmiṣum’ etc. the Nyāsa (ritualistic touching of the body in various parts) shall be performed. The offering of fragrance (adhivāsa) shall be performed endearingly with the mantra ‘Adhyavocat’ etc.”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adhivāsa.—cf. adhivāsa-sakta-cāturvarṇya-samakṣam (LP), ‘in the presence of the people of the four castes living in the vicinity’; cf. adhivāsa-saktīya (LP); neighbours. Note: adhivāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhivasa in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhivāsa, (fr. adhi + vas) endurance, forbearance, holding out; only as adj. in dur° difficult to hold out Th.1, 111. Adhivāsaka (& °ika) (adj.) (fr. adhivāsa) willing, agreeable, enduring, patient Vin.IV, 130; M.I, 10, 526; A.II, 118; III, 163; V, 132; J.III, 369 (an°); IV, 11, 77. (Page 30)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhivāsa (अधिवास).—m S A neighbor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhivāsa (अधिवास).—m A neighbour.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhivāsa (अधिवास).—

1) Abode, residence; dwelling; सतत°सुभगापिंतस्तनम् (satata°subhagāpiṃtastanam) Māl.5.8; तस्यापि स एव गिरिरधिवासः (tasyāpi sa eva giriradhivāsaḥ) K.137; लक्ष्मीभृतोऽम्भोधितटाधिवासान् (lakṣmībhṛto'mbhodhitaṭādhivāsān) Śi.3.71 situated on; settlement, habitation. वसन्ति मन्नियोगेन अधिवासं च राक्षसाः (vasanti manniyogena adhivāsaṃ ca rākṣasāḥ) Rām.3.36.4.

2) An inhabitant, neighbour.

3) Obstinate pertinacity in making a demand, sitting without food before a person's house till he ceases to oppose or refuse it (Mar. dharaṇeṃ).

4) [adhivāsayati devatā anena, karaṇe ghañ] Consecration of an image especially before the commencement of a sacrificial rite; see अधिवासनम् (adhivāsanam) also. शुद्धाधिवासाश्च विशुद्धसत्त्वाः (śuddhādhivāsāśca viśuddhasattvāḥ) Bu. Ch.1.39.

5) A garment, mantle (adhīvāsaḥ also).

6) A birth-place; जातिश्रेण्यधि- वासानां कुलधर्माश्च सर्वतः । वर्जयन्ति च ये धर्मं तेषां धर्मो न विद्यते (jātiśreṇyadhi- vāsānāṃ kuladharmāśca sarvataḥ | varjayanti ca ye dharmaṃ teṣāṃ dharmo na vidyate) || Mb.12.36.19.

Derivable forms: adhivāsaḥ (अधिवासः).

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Adhivāsa (अधिवास).—Application of perfumes or fragrant cosmetics; scenting, perfuming; fragrance, scent, fragrant odour itself; अधिवासस्पृहयेव मारुतः (adhivāsaspṛhayeva mārutaḥ) R.8.34; Śi.2.2, 5.42; K.183.

Derivable forms: adhivāsaḥ (अधिवासः).

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Adhīvāsa (अधीवास).—[vas acchādane karaṇe ghañ] A long coat or mantle covering the whole person (upariṣṭādāvarakaṃ vāsaḥ)

Derivable forms: adhīvāsaḥ (अधीवासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhivāsa (अधिवास).—(?): Mv i.253.4, 5, and 6 (prose): app. adj. with rogajāta, defined as a kind of disease which carries off a region or country (pradeśaṃ harati). Opp. maṇḍalaka, q.v. Perhaps enduring? See s.v. ārddha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhivāsa (अधिवास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. A house, an abode. 2. Place, situation. 3. Continuance, perseverance. 4. Perfuming the person, &c. 5. A neighbour. 6. Neighbourhood. E. adhi, and vasa to dwell, with ghañ affix; or vāsa to fumigate, with ac

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhivāsa (अधिवास).—m., i. e. 1. adhi -vas + a. A house, an abode, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 4, 10. 2. adhi-vās + a, Perfuming the person, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhivāsa (अधिवास):—[=adhi-vāsa] [from adhi-vas] 1. adhi-vāsa ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]) m. an upper garment, mantle.

2) Adhīvāsa (अधीवास):—[=adhī-vāsa] [from adhi-vas] a ([Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.) m. an upper garment, mantle.

3) Adhivāsa (अधिवास):—[=adhi-vāsa] [from adhi-vas] 2. adhi-vāsa m. an inhabitant

4) [v.s. ...] a neighbour

5) [v.s. ...] one who dwells above

6) [v.s. ...] a habitation, abode, settlement, site

7) [v.s. ...] sitting before a person’s house without taking food till he ceases to oppose or refuse a demand (commonly called ‘sitting in dharṇā’)

8) [v.s. ...] pertinacity.

9) [=adhi-vāsa] [from adhi-vās] 3. adhi-vāsa m. perfume, fragrance

10) [v.s. ...] application of perfumes or fragrant cosmetics.

11) Adhīvāsa (अधीवास):—[=adhī-vāsa] b = adhi-vāsa1, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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