Adhishthita, Adhiṣṭhita: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Adhishthita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Adhiṣṭhita can be transliterated into English as Adhisthita or Adhishthita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) means “sustained”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The Body (piṇḍa) made of these principles is the differentiated (sakala aspect) whose form is the ghost (which is the Goddess’s vehicle). Complete and made of the six parts, it is sustained (adhiṣṭhita) by Pure Knowledge (śuddhavidyā)”.

2) Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “(being) presided over”, according to the Kularatnoddyota (verse 2.4cd-10).—Accordingly, “[The Śrīkula is] accomplished by the Command and, supremely divine, it is adorned with the lineage of the Śrīkrama. [...] It is called the Lineage of the Siddhas and is attended by Yoginīs and Siddhas. (The teaching concerns) many Wheels and it is presided over (adhiṣṭhita) by the Six Goddesses. It includes the six-fold deposition and its forms are Mudrā and maṇḍala. It includes (the teachings concerning) the group of eight Mothers and the liturgy of the Sacred Seats, the beginningless liturgy called that of the Child, Youth and the Aged. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) means “presided over”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] At the proper time, he saw his wife Menā about to be delivered of the child, with delight, as one sees the sky enveloped with clouds. The lord of the mountains felt greatly rejoiced on seeing his wife of sound and auspicious in limbs the ‘labour-chamber’ presided over by physicians [i.e., bhiṣaj-adhiṣṭhita]. She felt very brilliant with the mother of the universe in her womb. In the mean time, O sage, Viṣṇu, and other gods as well as the sages came there and eulogised Śivā who was in the womb”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “being attended by” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “When star Canopus reappears after its conjunction with the Sun, waters muddled by their contact with the earth will resume their original clearness just in the same way as the minds of the Sādhus naturally recover their original purity after contact with the wicked. The autumn is attended [i.e., adhiṣṭhita] by the Cakravāka on both its sides (i.e., beginning and end); in it is heard the music of the swan; and its opening is marked by the beautiful red sky; in all these respects the season resembles a woman with a rising bosom, sounding jewels and betel-coloured mouth”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “sustaining”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja together with the twelve koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having descended from the vault of the sky, bowed down at the feet of the Buddha, circumambulated him three times, and addressed himself to the Lord. [...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained (adhiṣṭhita) the jewel-canopy (ratnacchattra) of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “inhabiting” (a Caitya), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] On the Bharata continent, in northern Pāñcāla, at the feet of the Himalayas, In the land of Vāsuki, the seat of Upachandoha, in the holy land Āryāvarta, In the home of Karkoṭaka king of serpents, In the great lake Nāgavāsa, Site of Śrī Svayambhū Caitya, inhabited (adhiṣṭhita) by Śrī Guyeśvarī Prajñāpāramita, In the land of the Nepal mandala, in the form of the Śrī Saṃvara mandala, In the same land of Sudurjayā, [...]”.,

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “(being) settled (in the doctrine)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Snakes, fire, poison, tigers, elephants, lions, demons and kings, etc. do not hurt those whose selves are settled in the doctrine (dharma-adhiṣṭhita-ātman). On the earth even the lord of the snakes with a thousand trembling mouths is not able to describe clearly the entire power of the doctrine”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cracow Indological Studies: Venerating Vēṭṭaykkorumakan (Son of Śiva and Pārvatī) through Ritual Arts

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) refers to “regulation (of temple music).—The rituals that are performed on a regular basis in the temples of Kerala are unique in their nature. [...] The worship of a wooden drum (marappāṇi), and the playing of it by the Brahmin priest during the consecration rituals, further emphasis-es the significance of musical instruments. [...] The two main classes of marappāṇis performed in central Kerala are called kriyā-adhiṣṭhita pāṇis, “regulated by the ritual action,” or tattvam pāṇis, and mūrti-adhiṣṭhita pāṇis, “regulated by the form of the god.” They are usually distinguished on the basis of their geographical location, the former being played in the areas south of the Chalakkudy River and the latter in the areas on its northern side.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित).—p S Fixed or seated in; inhabiting, occupying, inhering in. 2 Inhabited, tenanted, occupied by. 3 Fixed, established, set up, set.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित).—p. p. [adhiṣṭhā-kta]

1) (Used actively) (a) Standing, being; दन्तान्तरमधिष्ठितम् (dantāntaramadhiṣṭhitam) Manusmṛti 5.141; (oft. with a dropped; jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ jñānagamyaṃ hṛdi sarvasya dhiṣṭhitam Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 13.17.); वीरलोकमधिष्ठितस्तातः (vīralokamadhiṣṭhitastātaḥ) Mv.5 gone to; राजप्रसाद° (rājaprasāda°) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1 being in or enjoying royal favour. (b) Possessed of, dependent on. (c) Directing, presiding over; धर्माधिकरणाधिष्ठित- पुरुषैः (dharmādhikaraṇādhiṣṭhita- puruṣaiḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

2) (Passively) (a) Inhabited or resorted to by, occupied, possessed by; दनुकवन्धाधिष्ठितो दण्डकारण्य- भागः (danukavandhādhiṣṭhito daṇḍakāraṇya- bhāgaḥ) U. 1; लोकेशाधिष्ठितो राजा (lokeśādhiṣṭhito rājā) Manusmṛti 5.97; अचिराधिष्ठितराज्यः शत्रुः (acirādhiṣṭhitarājyaḥ śatruḥ) M.1.8 an enemy who has newly (not long ago) ascended the throne, a newly established king; अचिर° अधिकारः (acira° adhikāraḥ) Dk. 64 newly established; so ग्रहेण (graheṇa) possessed by; मयूर° (mayūra°) K.97; °पुरोभागाम् (purobhāgām) K.1.13,147,152. (b) Full of, seized with, taken possession of, smitten, affected, overpowered; अनेनाधिष्ठितानां कामिनीनां (anenādhiṣṭhitānāṃ kāminīnāṃ) K.236,161, 194; कामाधिष्ठितचेतसा (kāmādhiṣṭhitacetasā) H.1; Śiśupālavadha 13.39; (c) Watched over, guarded, superintended; रक्षापुरुषाधिष्ठिते प्रासादे (rakṣāpuruṣādhiṣṭhite prāsāde) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; आर्यारुन्धतीवसिष्ठाधिष्ठितेषु रघुकुलकदम्बकेषु (āryārundhatīvasiṣṭhādhiṣṭhiteṣu raghukulakadambakeṣu) Uttararāmacarita 2; प्रनष्ठाधिगतं द्रव्यं तिष्ठेद्युक्तैरधिष्ठितम् (pranaṣṭhādhigataṃ dravyaṃ tiṣṭhedyuktairadhiṣṭhitam) Manusmṛti 8.34. (d) Led, conducted, commanded by, presided over; साङ्ख्यमिव कपिलाधिष्ठितम् (sāṅkhyamiva kapilādhiṣṭhitam) K.4; अनेनाधिष्ठितं भुवनतलम् (anenādhiṣṭhitaṃ bhuvanatalam) 43,44,228; वसिष्ठाधिष्ठिता देव्यो गता राघवमातरः (vasiṣṭhādhiṣṭhitā devyo gatā rāghavamātaraḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.3; तव प्रतापाधिष्ठितेन उपायेन (tava pratāpādhiṣṭhitena upāyena) H.4 aided or supported; ताताधिष्ठितानामपि बलानाम् (tātādhiṣṭhitānāmapi balānām) Ve.3; स्वामिनाधिष्ठितः श्वापि (svāminādhiṣṭhitaḥ śvāpi) H.3.129. (e) Ridden, mounted upon; मूषकाधिष्ठितं तमवलोक्य (mūṣakādhiṣṭhitaṃ tamavalokya) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2 with the mouse seated upon him; विलोक्य वृद्धोक्षमधिष्ठितं त्वया (vilokya vṛddhokṣamadhiṣṭhitaṃ tvayā) Kumārasambhava 5.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित).—ppp. of adhitiṣṭhati, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Fixed, determined, established; literally or figuratively, as a house or a practice. 2. Supervised, overlooked. 3. Guarded, surrounded. 4. Appointed. E. adhi, and sthita stationed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित).—[adjective] standing, sticking; sitting on, being in ([locative] or [accusative]); being above or foremost; placed at the head of, appointed to ([locative] or —°), founded on ([locative]); inhabited, occupied, seized, taken, filled, lead, managed, exercised ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित):—[=adhi-ṣṭhita] [from adhi-ṣṭhā] mfn. settled

2) [v.s. ...] inhabited

3) [v.s. ...] superintended

4) [v.s. ...] regulated

5) [v.s. ...] appointed

6) [v.s. ...] superintending.

7) [v.s. ...] (in, [Bhagavad-gītā xiii, 17, ]the text has dhi-ṣṭhita, with elision of a).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) 1) Fixed, determined, estab-lished; literally or figuratively, as a house or a practice.

2) Inhabited, occupied.

3) Supervised, superintended, guarded.

4) Appointed.

5) Superintending, inhabiting, occupying. Used act. or pass., person. or impersonally. E. sthā with adhi, kṛt aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित):—[adhi-ṣṭhita] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) par. Fixed, appointed, placed over.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adhiṣṭhita (अधिष्ठित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ahiṭṭhiya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhishthita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adhiṣṭhita (ಅಧಿಷ್ಠಿತ):—

1) [adjective] founded; established; planted firmly.

2) [adjective] having the power to supervise.

--- OR ---

Adhiṣṭhita (ಅಧಿಷ್ಠಿತ):—

1) [noun] that which is established or planted firmly.

2) [noun] he who has the power to supervise; a supervisor.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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