Mandalaka, Mandālaka, Maṇḍalaka: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mandalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mandalaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक).—A serpent born of the family of Takṣaka. This was burnt to death in the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 8, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.7, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Maṇḍalaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Maṇḍalaka (r. 69-71 CE) or Puttalka or Pulumāvi II is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (eg., Maṇḍalaka) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Maṇḍalaka was preceded by Hala and succeeded by Purindraṣeṇa.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mandalaka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mandālaka, (etym. ?) a water-plant (kind of lotus) J. IV, 539; VI, 47, 279, 564. (Page 523)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mandalaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक).—

1) A circle.

2) A disc.

3) A district, province.

4) A group, collection.

5) A circular array of troops.

6) White leprosy with round spots.

7) A mirror.

8) A kind of pose of an archer.

9) A circle with lines drawn for magical incantations.

-kaḥ A dog.

Derivable forms: maṇḍalakam (मण्डलकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक).—(1) m. (adj.?), a kind of disease which destroys a family: °ko rogajāto yahiṃ kule nipatati, na kiṃci śeṣeti, sarvaṃ harati Mahāvastu i.253.4 (see adhivāsa, ārddha); (2) nt., according to Chin. a standard (either con- nected or not connected with that which stands on it), base for something: trapu-°kam Mahāvyutpatti 8954 (both Tibetan and Chin. render trapu as lead); Tibetan zha ñeḥi dbyar (probably read sbyar), with or without ḥdab (= ḥdabs, surface), which could mean (surface) attachment of lead (?); follows cakoraka, q.v.; the Tibetan (contrary to Chin.) could ap- parently mean a cover, just as well as a base, and our word seems likely to mean that in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.24.12 maṇḍala- kaṃ kṛtvā, putting a cover on (a box containing an infant); (3) = maṇḍala (1) m. (nt.?), a ‘circle’ (but in Kāraṇḍavvūha actually square in shape, hence rather), piece of ground specially prepared in honor of a Buddha or saint (for him to sit on), or for the performance of a sacred rite: Bhagavato maṇḍalakam āmārjaya Divyāvadāna 333.18; tayor dve te āsana- prajñaptī kṛtau(!) dvau maṇḍalakāv āmārjitau 345.22; (ye) 'valokiteśvarasya purataś caturasraṃ maṇḍalakaṃ kurvanti, te rājāno bhavanti Kāraṇḍavvūha 49.2; agrato °kaṃ puṣpā- bhikīrṇaṃ kṛtvā praṇamya bodhicittam utpādya… Sādhanamālā 1.12, and so often in Sādhanamālā, as a place for a rite; in this sense Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. iv.94, 102, and (tri-)maṇḍala Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 9a.4; (4) (= maṇḍala 2), one of the parts of the body which touch the ground in a reverential prostration: pañcamaṇḍalakena vandanaṃ kṛtvā Mahāvyutpatti 9278 = Tibetan yan lag lṅas…, with five limbs (Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary) arms, legs, and head; or more precisely knees, hands, and forehead?). [[Boehtlingk and Roth]'s maṇḍalaka-rājan, cited from Mahāvyutpatti, is replaced in both modern edd. by māṇḍalika-, which is Sanskrit; see s.v. maṇ- ḍalin.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. An orb or disk. 2. A sort of leprosy, with large round spots. 3. A mirror. 4. A form of array, an army drawn up in a circle. 5. A circular figure or diagram. m.

(-kaḥ) A dog. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक).—[neuter] disk, circle, ring; [feminine] likā troop, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇḍalaka (मण्डलक):—[from maṇḍala] n. a disk, circle, orb etc. (= maṇḍala), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] (also applied to a square, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

2) [v.s. ...] a sacred circle, [Divyāvadāna]

3) [v.s. ...] a cutaneous disease with round spots, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a circular array of troops, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a mirror, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a group, collection, mass, heap, [Mahābhārata]

7) [from maṇḍala] m. a dog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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