Adhaka, Āḍhaka: 10 definitions
Adhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āḍhaka (आढक) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘2.56 kilograms’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. Āḍhaka is also known as Pātra (‘cup’ or ‘pot’). A single Āḍhaka unit corresponds to 4 Prastha units (a single Prastha unit equals 640 grams). You need 4 Āḍhaka units to make a single Droṇa unit (1 Droṇa equals 10.24 kilograms).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Āḍhaka (आढक) is a Sanskrit technical term corresponding to approximately 3 kilograms, according to The Roots of Āyurveda (by Wujastyk). It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā or the Suśruta-saṃhtiā.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Āḍhaka (आढक) (or Kaṃsa, Kalaśa) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 āḍhaka equals 3.072kg; 4 āḍhakas = 1 droṇa = 12.288kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning āḍhaka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
A relative overview of weight-units is found below, āḍhaka indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.
1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Āḍhaka.—(IE 8-6; EI 27), a measure of capacity; often regarded as equal to 264 handfuls and to one-fourth of a droṇa; 16 to 20 seers according to Bengali authors; also used as a shortened form of āḍhavāpa or ādhakavāpa. Note: āḍhaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āḍhaka (आढक).—A measure of grain, the 4th of a Droṇa = 64 Prasthas = 16 Kuḍavas = (nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoir.); अष्टमुष्टिर्भवेत् कुञ्चिः कुञ्चयोऽष्टौ तु पुष्कलम् । पुष्कलानि च चत्वारि आढकः परिकीर्तितः (aṣṭamuṣṭirbhavet kuñciḥ kuñcayo'ṣṭau tu puṣkalam | puṣkalāni ca catvāri āḍhakaḥ parikīrtitaḥ) ||
-kī 1 A kind of pulse (Mar. tūra).
2) A kind of fragrant earth (Mar. gopīcaṃdana).
Derivable forms: āḍhakaḥ (आढकः), āḍhakam (आढकम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āḍhaka (आढक).— (a transformation of ardha + ka), m. n. A measure of grain, equal to 7 lb. 11 oz. avoirdupois, [Hitopadeśa] [prologue.] [distich] 19.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āḍhaka (आढक).—[masculine] [neuter] (adj. —° [feminine] ī) a cert. measure of grain.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āḍhaka (आढक):—mn. ([gana] ardharcādi q.v.; ifc. f(ī). , [Pāṇini 4-1, 22 and v, 1, 54] [commentator or commentary]) a measure of grain (= 1/4 droṇa = 4 prasthas = 16 kuḍavas = 64 palas = 256 karṣas = 4096 māṣas; = nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoirdupois; in Bengal = two mans or 164 lbs. avds.)
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+36): Abadhaka, Agnimadhaka, Ajataratisadhaka, Anaradhaka, Anusadhaka, Apadhaka, Aradhaka, Ardhamagadhaka, Ardhasadhaka, Arthasadhaka, Ashadhaka, Badhaka, Bhaktopasadhaka, Candradatta sadhaka, Daladhaka, Dhakadhaka, Dinasadhaka, Dushta-sadhaka, Dvyadhaka, Inasadhaka.
Full-text (+36): Drona, Adhakina, Adhakika, Prastha, Shatamana, Kudava, Kamsa, Patera, Dvyadhaka, Adhakajambuka, Tula, Pala, Karsha, Dvyadhakina, Shukti, Dvyadhakika, Kamsapatra, Shodashadhakamaya, Adhaki, Kalasha.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Adhaka, A-dhaka, Ā-ḍhaka, Āḍhaka; (plurals include: Adhakas, dhakas, ḍhakas, Āḍhakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 15 - The Superintendent of Store-house < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 31 - The Superintendent of Elephants < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 29 - The Superintendent of Cows < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Measures of weight < [Chapter VII - Enumeration of technical terms]
Part 1 - Alchemical apparatus (yantra) < [Chapter VI - Laboratory equipment]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 7.126 < [Section X - Internal Administration]
Verse 11.164 < [Section XVIII - Expiation for Theft (steya)]
Verse 9.330 < [Section XLIII - Duties of the Vaiśya and the Śūdra]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)