Adhaka, aka: Āḍhaka; 3 Definition(s)
Adhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āḍhaka (आढक) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘2.56 kilograms’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. Āḍhaka is also known as Pātra (‘cup’ or ‘pot’). A single Āḍhaka unit corresponds to 4 Prastha units (a single Prastha unit equals 640 grams). You need 4 Āḍhaka units to make a single Droṇa unit (1 Droṇa equals 10.24 kilograms).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Āḍhaka (आढक) is a Sanskrit technical term corresponding to approximately 3 kilograms, according to The Roots of Āyurveda (by Wujastyk). It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā or the Suśruta-saṃhtiā.Source: Google Books: The Roots of Āyurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Āḍhaka (आढक).—A measure of grain, the 4th of a Droṇa = 64 Prasthas = 16 Kuḍavas = (nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoir.); अष्टमुष्टिर्भवेत् कुञ्चिः कुञ्चयोऽष्टौ तु पुष्कलम् । पुष्कलानि च चत्वारि आढकः परिकीर्तितः (aṣṭamuṣṭirbhavet kuñciḥ kuñcayo'ṣṭau tu puṣkalam | puṣkalāni ca catvāri āḍhakaḥ parikīrtitaḥ) ||
-kī 1 A kind of pulse (Mar. tūra).
2) A kind of fragrant earth (Mar. gopīcaṃdana).
Derivable forms: āḍhakaḥ (आढकः), āḍhakam (आढकम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Dalāḍhaka (दलाढक).—1) foam. 2) a cuttle-fish bone. 3) a ditch, moat. 4) a hurricane, high wind....
Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one ...
Pala.—(EI 9, 21, 30; CII 3), name of a weight. (IA 26), a weight equal to 320 ratīs; sometimes ...
Prastha (प्रस्थ) refers to the “table lands” on the top of mountains (giri) according to the se...
Patra (पत्र) refers to the “leaves” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of seven synonym...
Māṣa (माष) refers to “black gram” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit fo...
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian science...
Kaṃsa (कंस) or Kaṃsatāla or Kāṃsya refers to the “sounds of cymbals” and represents one of the ...
Parimāṇa (परिमाण, “size”) or Parimāṇaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) ac...
Kuḍava (कुडव).—A measure of grain equal to 1/4 of a Prastha or 1/16 of an Āḍhaka and containing...
Śarāva (शराव).—[śaraṃ dadhyādisāramavati av-aṇ Tv.]1) A shallow dish, platter, an earthenware v...
Karṣa.—(IE 8-8; CII 4), name of a weight equal to 80 ratis; same as tolā; sometimes regarded as...
Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parv...
Śukti (शुक्ति).—f. [śuc-ktin Uṇn.4.191]1) An oyster shell, pearl-oyster; पात्रविशेषन्यस्तं गुणा...
Raktikā (रक्तिका) is another name for Raktaguñjā, one of the two varieties of Guñjā: a medicina...
Search found 9 books and stories containing Adhaka or Āḍhaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 9.330 < [Section XLIII - Duties of the Vaiśya and the Śūdra]
Verse 11.164 < [Section XVIII - Expiation for Theft (steya)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)