Adhaka, aka: Āḍhaka; 4 Definition(s)
Adhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āḍhaka (आढक) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘2.56 kilograms’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. Āḍhaka is also known as Pātra (‘cup’ or ‘pot’). A single Āḍhaka unit corresponds to 4 Prastha units (a single Prastha unit equals 640 grams). You need 4 Āḍhaka units to make a single Droṇa unit (1 Droṇa equals 10.24 kilograms).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Āḍhaka (आढक) is a Sanskrit technical term corresponding to approximately 3 kilograms, according to The Roots of Āyurveda (by Wujastyk). It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā or the Suśruta-saṃhtiā.Source: Google Books: The Roots of Āyurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Āḍhaka (आढक).—A measure of grain, the 4th of a Droṇa = 64 Prasthas = 16 Kuḍavas = (nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoir.); अष्टमुष्टिर्भवेत् कुञ्चिः कुञ्चयोऽष्टौ तु पुष्कलम् । पुष्कलानि च चत्वारि आढकः परिकीर्तितः (aṣṭamuṣṭirbhavet kuñciḥ kuñcayo'ṣṭau tu puṣkalam | puṣkalāni ca catvāri āḍhakaḥ parikīrtitaḥ) ||
-kī 1 A kind of pulse (Mar. tūra).
2) A kind of fragrant earth (Mar. gopīcaṃdana).
Derivable forms: āḍhakaḥ (आढकः), āḍhakam (आढकम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 30 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Dalāḍhaka (दलाढक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. Sesamum growing wild or spontaneously. 2. An aquatic plant, (Pi...
Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one ...
Pāla is the name of an ancient dynasty from Bengal where Shaivism thrived between the 10th and ...
Prastha.—(IE 8-6; CII 4; Chamba), a measure of capacity, often regarded as one-sixteenth of a d...
Pātra (पात्र) refers to “one who deserves”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15.—“[...] the word ...
Maśa (मश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. Anger. 2. Sounding. 3. A musquito. E. maśa to sound, &c., ac aff.--...
Tulā (तुला).—f. (-lā) 1. Measure by weight. 2. A measure or weight of gold and silver, 100 Pala...
Parimāṇa (परिमाण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. Measure. 2. Measuring. 3. Weight, number, value. E. pari comple...
Raktikā (रक्तिका).—f. (-kā) 1. A plant, (Abrus precatorious.) 2. The seed of the Abrus precator...
Kaṃsa (कंस) or Kaṃsatāla or Kāṃsya refers to the “sounds of cymbals” and represents one of the ...
Śarava (शरव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A lid, a cover.--- OR --- Śarāva (शराव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A lid...
A (अ).—ind. 1. No, not. 2. A private, prohibitive, and diminutive particle. 3. An interjection ...
Kārṣa (कार्ष).—m. (Sanskrit Gr.), plowman: Divy 463.8 (prose) (pañca) kārṣa-śatāny, probably er...
Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parv...
Śukti.—same as śatamāna (q. v.). Note: śukti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” a...
Search found 10 books and stories containing Adhaka or Āḍhaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.164 < [Section XVIII - Expiation for Theft (steya)]
Verse 9.330 < [Section XLIII - Duties of the Vaiśya and the Śūdra]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)