Badhaka, Bādhaka: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Badhaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Bādhaka (बाधक).—lit. that which sublates or sets aside; generally a special rule which sets aside a general rule: cf. येन ना-प्राप्ते यो विधिरारभ्यते स तस्य बाधको भवति (yena nā-prāpte yo vidhirārabhyate sa tasya bādhako bhavati), Pari. Patha of पुरुषोत्तमदेव (puruṣottamadeva) Pari. 51; cf. also नैतज्ज्ञापकसाध्यं अपवादैरुत्सर्गा बाध्यन्त इति । बाधकेनानेन भवितव्यं सामान्य-विहितस्य विशेषविहितेन । (naitajjñāpakasādhyaṃ apavādairutsargā bādhyanta iti | bādhakenānena bhavitavyaṃ sāmānya-vihitasya viśeṣavihitena |) M.Bh. on P. II. 1.24 Vart. 5. बाधक (bādhaka) is used as a synonym of अपवाद (apavāda), cf. अपवादशब्दोत्र बाधकपरः (apavādaśabdotra bādhakaparaḥ) Par. Sek. Pari. 58.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Bādhaka (बाधक) refers to “refuting” (a philosophical proposition), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī 1.178.—Accordingly, “And there is no argument proving [the existence] of the [external object], and the main (mukhya) [argument] refuting (bādhaka) [its existence] amounts to this much: the fact that there [can] be no manifestation (prakāśana) [of it] even as a [mere] object of inference if [this object] is distinct from the manifesting consciousness (prakāśa)?”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bādhaka (बाधक) or Pratibādhaka refers to the “transgressor (of the true dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (215) Immediately after seeing the transgressor of the true dharma (saddharma-prati-bādhaka), even from afar, we will show friendliness to him that he show not anger towards us. (216) Being restrained in word and deed, we will protect them as much as possible, and never reproach them for being established in a particular sinful activity. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Badhaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bādhaka : (adj.) preventing; harassing; obstructing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bādhaka, (adj.) (fr. bādh) oppressing, harassing, injurious Vism. 496 (dukkhā aññaṃ na °ṃ); VvA. 214; PvA. 175. (Page 485)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bādhaka (बाधक).—a (S) That opposes, obstructs, withstands, prohibits, precludes, prevents; and, generally, that stands in the way of, disagrees with, or affects injuriously. 2 Used as s n An objection.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bādhaka (बाधक).—a That opposes; that disagrees with. An objection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bādhaka (बाधक).—a. (-dhikā f.) [बाध् ण्वुल् (bādh ṇvul)]

1) Troubling, tormenting, oppressing.

2) Vexing, annoying.

3) Annulling.

4) Suspending, contradicting, invalidating (as a rule &c.).

5) Hindering.

6) That which sublates; तद्धि बाधकं भवति यदबाधमानमप्रयोजनं भवति (taddhi bādhakaṃ bhavati yadabādhamānamaprayojanaṃ bhavati) ŚB. on MS.1.6.3.

-kaḥ A particular disease of women; (ṛtukāle prajājanana- śaktipratirodhakaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badhaka (बधक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A slaughterer, a killer. E. han changed to badha and kun aff.

--- OR ---

Bādhaka (बाधक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) What hinders, opposes, pains, &c. f.

(-dhikā) 1. Tormenting. 2. Annulling. 3. Vexing. E. bādh and ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bādhaka (बाधक).—[feminine] dhikā molesting, afflicting, paining, injuring, removing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bādhaka (बाधक):—[from bādh] mf(ikā)n. oppressing, harassing, paining (See śatru-b)

2) [v.s. ...] opposing, hindering, injuring, prejudicing, [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa] (-tā f.)

3) [v.s. ...] setting aside, suspending, annulling, [Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] (-tva n.)

4) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] disease of women, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of tree, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. belonging to or derived from the Bādhaka tree, [ṢaḍvBr.; ???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Badhaka (बधक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A slaughterer.

2) Bādhaka (बाधक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Hindering.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bādhaka (बाधक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bāhaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Badhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Badhaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bādhaka (बाधक):—(a) causing hindrance/obstruction/impediment; obstructive, impeding, troublesome; -[tattva] an obstructive element; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bādhaka (ಬಾಧಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಬಾಧೆ - [badhe -] 2, 3 & 6.

2) [noun] he or that which troubles, molests.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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