Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

न तद् दृढं बन्धनं आहुर् आर्या यद् आयसं दारवं बल्बजं वा ।
संरक्त चित्तस्य हि मन्द बुद्धेः पुत्रेषु दारेषु च या अवेक्षा ॥ ५ ॥

na tad dṛḍhaṃ bandhanaṃ āhur āryā yad āyasaṃ dāravaṃ balbajaṃ vā |
saṃrakta cittasya hi manda buddheḥ putreṣu dāreṣu ca yā avekṣā || 5 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.5 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Dridha, Bandhana, Arya, Yat, Yad, Ayasa, Darava, Balbaja, Samrakta, Citta, Manda, Buddhi, Putra, Dara, Aveksha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na tad dṛḍhaṃ bandhanaṃ āhur āryā yad āyasaṃ dāravaṃ balbajaṃ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dṛḍham -
  • dṛḍha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛḍha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛḍhā (noun, feminine)
  • bandhanam -
  • bandhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bandhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • āryā* -
  • ārya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āyasam -
  • āyasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āyasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dāravam -
  • dārava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dārava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • balbajam -
  • balbaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “saṃrakta cittasya hi manda buddheḥ putreṣu dāreṣu ca avekṣā
  • saṃrakta -
  • saṃrakta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṃrakta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cittasya -
  • citta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    citta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • manda -
  • manda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    manda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • buddheḥ -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • putreṣu -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • dāreṣu -
  • dāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    dāra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yā* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • avekṣā -
  • avekṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
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