Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

मधुराग्रा विपाके तु कटुका ह्य् अभिनन्दिताः ।
कामा दहन्ति वै बालान् उल्केवामुञ्चतः करम् ॥ ४ ॥

madhurāgrā vipāke tu kaṭukā hy abhinanditāḥ |
kāmā dahanti vai bālān ulkevāmuñcataḥ karam || 4 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.4 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Madhura, Agra, Vipaka, Abhinandita, Kama, Bala, Ulka, Iva, Kara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “madhurāgrā vipāke tu kaṭukā hy abhinanditāḥ
  • madhurā -
  • madhura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    madhura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    madhurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • agrā* -
  • agra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    agrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vipāke -
  • vipāka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vipāka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vipākā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kaṭukā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ab
  • abhinanditāḥ -
  • abhinandita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhinanditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “kāmā dahanti vai bālān ulkevāmuñcataḥ karam
  • kāmā* -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dahanti -
  • dah (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • bālān -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ulke -
  • ulka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ulkā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • amuñcat -
  • muc (verb class 6)
    [imperfect active third single]
    muñc (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • karam -
  • kara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
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