Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

एतद् दृढं बन्धनं आहुर् आर्याः समन्ततः सुस्थिरं दुष्प्रमोक्षम् ।
एतद् अपि छित्त्वा तु परिव्रजन्ति ह्य् अनपेक्षिणः काम सुखं प्रहाय ॥ ६ ॥

etad dṛḍhaṃ bandhanaṃ āhur āryāḥ samantataḥ susthiraṃ duṣpramokṣam |
etad api chittvā tu parivrajanti hy anapekṣiṇaḥ kāma sukhaṃ prahāya || 6 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.6 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Dridha, Bandhana, Arya, Samantatah, Samantatas, Susthira, Api, Pari, Vrajat, Vrajanti, Anapekshin, Kama, Sukham, Sukha, Prahaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etad dṛḍhaṃ bandhanaṃ āhur āryāḥ samantataḥ susthiraṃ duṣpramokṣam
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dṛḍham -
  • dṛḍha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛḍha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛḍhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bandhanam -
  • bandhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bandhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhur -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • āryāḥ -
  • ārya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samantataḥ -
  • samantataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samantatas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • susthiram -
  • susthira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    susthira (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    susthirā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse duṣpramokṣam
  • Line 2: “etad api chittvā tu parivrajanti hy anapekṣiṇaḥ kāma sukhaṃ prahāya
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • chittvā -
  • chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
    chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vrajanti -
  • vraj -> vrajat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vraj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vraj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj -> vrajantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • Cannot analyse hy*an
  • anapekṣiṇaḥ -
  • anapekṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    anapekṣin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kāma -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prahāya -
  • prahāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prahāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
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