Ayasa, Āyāsa, Āyasa, Ayasha: 26 definitions


Ayasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aayas.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Āyasa (आयस) refers to “iron”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. Iron (āyasa), lead (sīsaka) and tin (trapu) are used for making images of wicked and terrific aspects.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Āyasa (आयस) refers to “icons made of iron”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Āgamas prescribe the metals and the results. The icon made of different metals brings different results. The icon of iron (āyasa) causes heavy loss. [...] According to Atri the icon made of iron, tin, brass, lead and bell metal results in ābhicārika.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Āyasa (आयस) or Āyasapātra refers to a “utensil made of iron” (used for food) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different metallic vessels are described in the text. The vessels/utensils that are made of iron (āyasa) have the following dietetic effects: balya (imparts strength) and śothapāṇḍuhara (treats swelling and jaundice).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Āyāsa (आयास):—Physical exertion, Toil

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Āyasa (आयस, “iron”) [=Ayas?] refers to “weapons made of iron” and represents one of the items offered to the priests, according to the grahaśānti (cf. grahayajña) section of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (1.295-309), preceded by the section called vināyakakalpa (1.271-294), prescribing a rite to be offered to Vināyaka.—[verse 306: Gifts to priests]—It seems that when a specific graha was chosen as the object of appeasement, the gift (dakṣiṇā) [i.e., āyasa] prescribed for each graha was to be given to the priest(s) who performed the śānti ritual.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Āyāsa (आयास) refers to “trouble” (as opposed to Anāyāsa—‘absence of trouble’), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.23-25a]—“Delighted, [the Mantrin] should visualize [the jīva] in his own or someone else’s [body] as being flooded by waves of Amṛta (amṛtormi), in the middle of a lotus on the ocean of milk, enclosed between two moons one above and one below, enclosed by the syllables saḥ, etc. He [visualizes his] body, beautiful inside and out, filled with nectar. [He is] freed without exertion and without trouble (anāyāsa), and liberated from any sickness”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Āyāsa (आयास) refers to “fatigue”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by watching the motion of standing crops is that in which animals are killed by the indication of the motion of wheat and other standing crops in which they hide themselves. In Sanskrit it is named Yāvaśī. This is ‘played’ by two or three horsemen who are expert archers. It is successful, if the advance is slow and the motion of standing crops carefully observed. It doesn’t produce much fatigue (ati-āyāsa) [cātyāyāsakarī sā tu], but it produces great excitement”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āyasa (आयस) refers to the “steel (city)” (build by Maya), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1 (“Description of Tripura—the three cities”).—Accordingly, after the sons of Tāraka-Asura spoke to Brahmā: “On hearing their words, Brahmā, the grandfather and creator of the worlds remembered Śiva and told them ‘Let it be so’. He ordered Maya—‘O Maya, build three cities, one of gold, another of silver and a third one of steel (āyasa)’. After ordering directly like this, Brahmā returned to his abode in heaven even as the sons of Tāraka were watching”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ayasa : (m.; nt.) ill repute; disgrace. || āyasa (adj.), made of iron. āyāsa (m.), trouble; sorrow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ayasa, (nt.) (a + yasa, cp. Sk. ayaśaḥ) ill repute, disgrace Miln. 139, 272; Dāvs. I, 8. (Page 75)

— or —

Āyāsa, (cp. Sk. āyāsa, etym. ?) trouble, sorrow, only neg. an° (adj.) peaceful, free from trouble A. IV, 98; Th. 1, 1008. (Page 106)

— or —

Āyasa, (adj.) (Sk. āyasa, of ayas iron) made of iron S. II, 182; A. III, 58; Dh. 345; J. IV, 416; V, 81; Vv 845 (an°? cp. the rather strange expln. at VvA. 335). (Page 105)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ayaśa (अयश).—n (S) Infamy, ignominy, ill fame, dishonor.

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āyasa (आयस).—a S Composed of or relating to iron, ferreous.

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āyāsa (आयास).—m (S) Labor, pains, exertion, efforts. 2 pl Weariness, fatigue, exhaustion. v in. con.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āyasa (आयस).—a Ferreous; relating to iron.

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āyāsa (आयास).—m Labour, pains; fatigue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayasa (अयस).—(At the end of comp.) See कार्ष्णायस, कालायस (kārṣṇāyasa, kālāyasa) &c.

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Āyāsa (आयास).—[ā-yas-ghañ]

1) Effort, exertion, trouble, difficulty, pain, labour; बहुलायास (bahulāyāsa) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.24; cf. अनायास (anāyāsa) also.

2) Fatigue, weariness; स्नेहमूलानि दुःखानि देहजानि भयानि च । शोकहर्षौ तथायासः सर्वं स्नेहात् प्रवर्तते (snehamūlāni duḥkhāni dehajāni bhayāni ca | śokaharṣau tathāyāsaḥ sarvaṃ snehāt pravartate) || Mb.

3) Mental pain, anguish; सा विनीय तमायासम् (sā vinīya tamāyāsam) Rām.2.25.1; अपूर्वः खलु अस्य आयासः (apūrvaḥ khalu asya āyāsaḥ) Pratimā 1.

4) Unsteadiness, wavering; आत्मज्ञानमनायासस्तितिक्षा धर्मनित्यता (ātmajñānamanāyāsastitikṣā dharmanityatā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.34.73.

Derivable forms: āyāsaḥ (आयासः).

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Āyasa (आयस).—a. ( f.) [अयसो विकारः अण् (ayaso vikāraḥ aṇ)]

1) Made of iron, iron, metallic; शतं मा पुर आयसीररक्षन् (śataṃ mā pura āyasīrarakṣan) Ait. Up.4.5. आयसं दण्डमेव वा (āyasaṃ daṇḍameva vā) Manusmṛti 8.315; सखि मा जल्प तवायसी रसज्ञा (sakhi mā jalpa tavāyasī rasajñā) Bv.2.59.

2) Armed with an iron weapon.

-sī A coat of mail, an armour for the body.

-sam 1 Iron; मूढं वुद्धमिवात्मानं हैमीभूतमिवायसम् (mūḍhaṃ vuddhamivātmānaṃ haimībhūtamivāyasam) Kumārasambhava 6.55; स चकर्ष परस्मात्त- दयस्कान्त इवायसम् (sa cakarṣa parasmātta- dayaskānta ivāyasam) R.17.63.

3) Anything made of iron.

3) A weapon.

4) A wind instrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āyāsa (आयास).—[, m., °saḥ Divyāvadāna 82.13, read ācāmaḥ with Tibetan (letter from Mr. D.R.S. Bailey) and same passage Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.80.18, compare Divyāvadāna 82.17 etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyasa (आयस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) 1. Of iron, iron. 2. Armed with an iron weapon. 3. Zealous. n.

(-saṃ) 1. Iron. 2. A weapon. f. (-sī) Armour for the body, a breast-plate, a coat of mail. E. ayasa iron, aṇ and ṅīp affs.

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Āyāsa (आयास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Fatigue, weariness. 2. Effort, exertion. 3. Trouble, labour. E. āṅ before yas to endeavour, to make exertion, and ghañ affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyasa (आयस).—i. e. ayas + a, I. adj., f. , Of iron, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 315; Ii. n. Iron, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 305.

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Āyāsa (आयास).—i. e. ā-yas + a, m. 1. Effort, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 997. 2. Fatigue, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 17. 3. Trouble, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 37. 4. Oppression, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 174 (Chr. 261, 191, read āyāso). 5. Weariness, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 7, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyasa (आयस).—([feminine] or āyasī) of iron, metallic.

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Āyāsa (आयास).—[masculine] effort, trouble, sorrow; p. sin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayasa (अयस):—[from ayas] n. (only ifc.) = ayas e.g. kṛṣṇāyasa, lohāyasa q.v.

2) Āyāsa (आयास):—[=ā-yāsa] [from ā-yas] m. effort, exertion (of bodily or mental power), trouble, labour, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Śakuntalā; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] fatigue, weariness, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita]

4) Āyasa (आयस):—mf(ī)n. ([from] ayas), of iron, made of iron or metal, metallic, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya] etc.

5) iron-coloured, [Mahābhārata v, 1709]

6) armed with an iron weapon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) n. iron

8) anything made of iron, [Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

9) a wind-instrument, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra xxi, 3, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āyasa (आयस):—(saṃ) 1. n. Iron. 1. f. sī Coat of mail. a. Of iron; armed.

2) Āyāsa (आयास):—(saḥ) m. Fatigue; effort.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āyasa (आयस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āyasa, Āyāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ayasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ayaśa (अयश) [Also spelled ayash]:—(nm) disgrace, infamy.

2) Āyāsa (आयास) [Also spelled aayas]:—(nm) effort, exertion.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Āyasa (आयस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āyasa.

2) Āyāsa (आयास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āyāsa.

3) Āyāsa (आयास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āyāsa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ayaśa (ಅಯಶ):—

1) [noun] the act, state or fact of failing, failure -i.e. a) a not succeeding in doing or becoming; b) a losing of power or strength.

2) [noun] the fact of being defeated; a defeat.

3) [noun] the state of being held in low esteem; bad reputation; disgrace; disrepute.

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Ayasa (ಅಯಸ):—[noun] = ಅಯಸ್ಸು [ayassu].

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Ayasa (ಅಯಸ):—[noun] physical or mental exhaustion; weariness; fatigue; tedium.

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Ayasa (ಅಯಸ):—[noun] = ಅಯಶ [ayasha].

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Āyasa (ಆಯಸ):—[noun] weariness caused by mental or bodily labour; fatigue.

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Āyasa (ಆಯಸ):—[noun] the duration of time from one’s birth to his or her death; life-time.

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Āyasa (ಆಯಸ):—[adjective] made of iron.

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Āyasa (ಆಯಸ):—[noun] any thing made of iron or steel.

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Āyāsa (ಆಯಾಸ):—

1) [noun] weariness caused by mental or bodily labour; fatigue.

2) [noun] exertion of strength or mental power; an effort; a try; an attempt; an endeavour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Āyāsa (आयास):—n. 1. effort; exertion; 2. a laborious task; 3. fig. fatigue;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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