Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.28

सुवृत्तपीनाङ्गुलिभिर्निरन्तरैरभूषणैर्गूढशिरैर्वराङ्गनाः ।
उरांसि जघ्नुः कमलोपमैः करैः स्वपल्लवैर्वातचला लता इव ॥ २८ ॥

suvṛttapīnāṅgulibhirnirantarairabhūṣaṇairgūḍhaśirairvarāṅganāḥ |
urāṃsi jaghnuḥ kamalopamaiḥ karaiḥ svapallavairvātacalā latā iva || 28 ||

The noble women beat their breasts with their lotus-like hands, falling incessantly, whose fingers were round and plump, which had their arteries hidden and bore no ornaments,—as creepers tossed by the wind strike themselves with their shoots.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suvritta, Pina, Anguli, Nirantara, Abhusha, Gudhashira, Varangana, Uras, Jaghnu, Kamala, Upama, Kara, Svapat, Lava, Vata, Cala, Lata, Iva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “suvṛttapīnāṅgulibhirnirantarairabhūṣaṇairgūḍhaśirairvarāṅganāḥ
  • suvṛtta -
  • suvṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    suvṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pīnā -
  • pīna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pīna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pīnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pi -> pīna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> pīna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √pi class 6 verb]
    pi -> pīnā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √pi class 6 verb]
  • aṅgulibhir -
  • aṅguli (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • nirantarair -
  • nirantara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    nirantara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • abhūṣa -
  • abhūṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    abhūṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ṇair -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • gūḍhaśirair -
  • gūḍhaśira (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    gūḍhaśira (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • varāṅganāḥ -
  • varāṅganā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “urāṃsi jaghnuḥ kamalopamaiḥ karaiḥ svapallavairvātacalā latā iva
  • urāṃsi -
  • uras (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jaghnuḥ -
  • jaghnu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jaghnu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    han (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • kamalo -
  • kamala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kamala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kamalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upamaiḥ -
  • upama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    upama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • karaiḥ -
  • kara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    kara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • svapal -
  • svap -> svapat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative single from √svap class 2 verb], [accusative single from √svap class 2 verb]
  • lavair -
  • lava (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    lava (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vāta -
  • vāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> vāta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vāta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • calā* -
  • cala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    calā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • latā* -
  • latā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.28

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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