Pina, Pīṇa, Pīna, Piña, Piṇā: 19 definitions


Pina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pin.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pīna (पीन) refers to “big breasts”, according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 3.77-81.—Accordingly, “Tvaritā is without compare and bestows all accomplishments. She is dark blue and her form is that of a (tribal) Śāvarī. She has big, upraised breasts [i.e., pīna-unnata-payodharā] and has two snakes as earrings and two as (her) anklets. She is the three-eyed goddess Tripurā who bestows boons and freedom from fear. Or else, she has eighteen arms and one should think (of her when engaged) in magical rites. She wears golden clothes and is adorned with a peacock banner. She sits on a lion throne, bestows boons and holds a peacock parasol. She has a peacock bangle and is adorned with a garland of wild flowers. She is adorned with a beautiful peacock diadem”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pīna (पीन) or Pīnastana refers to “plump (breasts)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] Her two breasts resembling lotus-buds were stout, plump [i.e., pīna] and firm. Her waist was slender and the curly locks of her hair shone well. Her feet resembled the land-lotus and were comely in appearance. She was competent to shake the minds of even the sages deeply engrossed in meditation, even at the very sight. She was a crest-jewel of all the maidens in the world”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Pīna (पीन) refers to “fleshy”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] The Yoginīs each are lofty and fleshy (pīna), adorned with a bracelet [on the hands] and have one lock of hair [on the head], replete with every [kind of good] characteristic, and are born of Vārāhī’s lineage. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Pina in India is the name of a plant defined with Artemisia nilagirica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Artemisia vulgaris var. nilagirica C.B. Clarke.

2) Pina in Philippines is also identified with Ananas comosus It has the synonym Bromelia rubra Schult. & Schult.f. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. (1936)
· Tabl. Encycl. (1819)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Edwards's Botanical Register, or Flower Garden and Shrubbery (1968)
· Das Pflanzenreich (1934)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pina, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pīṇa : (adj.) fat; swollen.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pīna, (adj.) (cp. Epic Sk. pīna of to swell up (with fat); to which also Vedic pīvan & pīvara fat, Gr. pimelή & pion fat, Lat. opīmus fat, Ger. feist & fett=E. fat) fat, swollen Th. 2, 265 (of breasts). (Page 462)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pīṇa (पीण).—f C (piṇēṃ or pāna) Sucking of the breast or dugs: also suck, the milk afforded.

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pīna (पीन).—a S Fat, plump, fleshy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pīna (पीन).—a Fat, plump, fleshy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīna (पीन).—a. [pyāy-kta-saṃprasāraṇe dīrghaḥ]

1) Fat, fleshy, corpulent, Uttararāmacarita 6.13; 'strong'.

2) Plump, large, thick; as in पीनस्तनी (pīnastanī).

3) Full, round.

4) Swollen, large, big.

5) Brawny.

6) Profuse, excessive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīna (पीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Fat, bulky, corpulent, large, much, round, thick. E. pyai to grow or enlarge, aff. kta, form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīna (पीन).—[adjective] fat, brawny, thick solid, firm. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pīna (पीन):—mf(ā)n. (√2. ) swelling, swollen, full, round, thick, large, fat, fleshy, corpulent muscular, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) m. (with sveda) profuse perspiration, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīna (पीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Fat; large.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pīna (पीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pina (पिन) [Also spelled pin]:—(nf) a pin.

2) Pīna (पीन) [Also spelled peen]:—(a) fat, fatty; corpulent; heavy, hence ~[] (nf).

3) Pīnā (पीना):—(v) to drink; to swill, to sip; to smoke (as [sigareṭa]—); to conceal a secret, to absorb, to suppress (as [gussā]—).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pīṇa (पीण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pīna.

2) Pīṇa (पीण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prīṇa.

3) Pīṇa (पीण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pīna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piṇa (ಪಿಣ):—[noun] 'a malleable, ductile, metallic chemical element that can be readily magnetised, rusts rapidly in moist or salty air, and is vital to plant and animal life:; iron (symbol: Fe.).'

--- OR ---

Pīna (ಪೀನ):—

1) [adjective] fat; fleshy; corpulent.

2) [adjective] plump; large; thick.

3) [adjective] swollen; protuberant; bulged.

4) [adjective] conspicuous; noticable at once; prominent.

5) [adjective] curving outward like the surface of a sphere; convex.

--- OR ---

Pīna (ಪೀನ):—

1) [noun] that which is fat, fleshy or corpulent.

2) [noun] that which thick or large.

3) [noun] a thing that is swollen or protuberating.

4) [noun] a conspicuous, prominent thing.

5) [noun] a convex surface or object.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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