Uras, Urash: 12 definitions
Uras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Uras (उरस्) refers to “breast”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).
There are five kinds of “gestures of the breast (uras)” defined:
- ābhugna (slightly bent),
- nirbhugna (unbent),
- prakampita (shaking),
- udvāhita (raised),
- sama (natural).
2) According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19 , uras, as the “chest”, refers to a type of ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). Accordingly, to call a person when he is at a short distance the voice should proceed from the chest (uras).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Uras (उरस्) [=Uraska?] refers to the “chest”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] He is in the prime of his youth and has all the auspicious characteristics. He has the great Ajagava bow placed on his left side. On his right, he has five glowing arrows. He is shining like a blue lotus. On his chest (uraska) there is a glittering garland of blue lotuses. He is the Lord. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Gitashastra (science of music)
Uras (उरस्, “chest”) refers to one of the three kinds of sthāna (the organs of utterance), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—During the practise of Vocal Music, the proper production of the concerned sound is always considered as very important. Sthāna or ucchāraṇasthāna is the place of articulation of sound. Bhattojidīkṣita in his Siddhāntakaumudī said about ten kinds of sthāna (i.e., the organs of utterance), e.g., uras (i.e., chest).
Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.
Languages of India and abroad
Uras (उरस्).—a. Best, excellent. n. (uraḥ) The breast, bosom; व्यूढोरस्को वृषस्कन्धः (vyūḍhorasko vṛṣaskandhaḥ) R.1.13; Kumārasambhava 6.51; उरसि कृ (urasi kṛ) to clasp to the bosom.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rāḥ-rāḥ-raḥ) Best, excellent. n.
(-raḥ) The breast, the bosom. E. ṛ to go, Unadi affix asun, the pen. changed to u; also ura a Soutra root, to go, and asun as before.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uras (उरस्).—probably for varas, i. e. vṛ + as, and akin to uru, n. The breast, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Uras (उरस्).—[neuter] breast; adj. —° uraska.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Uras (उरस्):—n. (√ṛ, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 194]), the chest, breast, bosom, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc. (urasi kṛtvā, or -kṛtya ind. having assented or adopted, but only urasi kṛtvā in the sense of having put upon the breast, [Pāṇini 1-4, 75])
2) the best of its kind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) m. Name of a man [gana] tikādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 154] (in the [Kāśikā-vṛtti])
4) Uraś (उरश्):—[from uras] (in [compound] for uras above).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uras (उरस्):—(raḥ) 5. n. The breast.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Uras (उरस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ura.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+31): Urahkanduya, Urahkapata, Urahkata, Urahkritya, Urahkshata, Urahkshaya, Urahparshvardhamandali, Urahpesha, Urahstambha, Urahsthala, Urahsutrika, Urasa, Urasasprishtam, Urase, Urashchada, Urashchhada, Urashi, Urasige, Urasija, Urasikritya.
Ends with: Adhyuras, Anuras, Auras, Buras, Cascarilla de las alturas, Cauras, Caurasa, Chauras, Gopuras, Guras, Huras, Lalguras, Praduras, Psuras, Puras, Rato guras, Sikkim-guras, Suras, Svapuras.
Full-text (+62): Urashchada, Uroja, Uraska, Urasija, Urograha, Uroghata, Urastas, Urahsthala, Uraga, Urastrana, Urahkshata, Urahkshaya, Urahsutrika, Urasila, Urasvat, Aurasayani, Urahkapata, Urobhushana, Ura, Urahstambha.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Uras, Urash, Uraś; (plurals include: Urases, Urashes, Uraśs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.321 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 3.4.63 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Nitiprakasika (Critical Analysis) (by S. Anusha)
Vyūhas—Composition < [Chapter 4]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.3.10 < [Chapter 3 - Lord Balarāma’s Wedding]
The civilization of Babylonia and Assyria (by Morris Jastrow)
Part V < [Chapter IV - The Gods Of Babylonia And Assyria]
Part XVIII < [Chapter VI - Law And Commerce]
Part XII < [Chapter VI - Law And Commerce]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter LII - Symptoms and Treatment of Cough (Kasa) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter LXII - Symptoms and Treatment of Insanity (Unmada) < [Canto IV - Bhuta-vidya-tantra (psychology and psychiatry)]