Svapat: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Svapat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svapat (स्वपत्) (Cf. Svapatī) refers to “sleeping”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.21 (“Nārada instructs Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “[...] She [Pārvatī] did not achieve happiness and peace in sleeping [i.e., svapatī], drinking, bathing, or sitting amidst her maids. Remembering the various gestures and movements of Śiva, she muttered to herself ever and anon—‘Fie upon my beauty. Fie on my birth and activity’. Thus Pārvatī was much distressed in mind due to separation from Śiva. She did not at all feel happy. She always muttered ‘Śiva, Śiva’. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Svapat (स्वपत्) refers to “being asleep”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.18-19ab, while describing protection rituals]—“The Mantrin should chant the mantra for the benefit of the consecrated person [the king], in all directions day and night, whether [the consecrated person is] awake or asleep (svapat). The [consecrated] man then stays on Earth, evil spirits cannot kill him”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svapat (स्वपत्).—mfn. (-pan-pantī-pat) Sleeping. E. ṣvap to sleep, śatṛ aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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