Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.39

तथागतोत्पादगुणेन तुष्टाः शुद्धाधिवासाश्च विशुद्धसत्त्वाः ।
देवा ननन्दुर्विगते ऽपि रागे मग्नस्य दुःखे जगतो हिताय ॥ ३९ ॥

tathāgatotpādaguṇena tuṣṭāḥ śuddhādhivāsāśca viśuddhasattvāḥ |
devā nanandurvigate 'pi rāge magnasya duḥkhe jagato hitāya || 39 ||

Gladdened through the influence of the birth of the Tathagata, the gods of pure natures and inhabiting pure abodes were filled with joy, though all passion was extinguished, for the sake of the world drowned in sorrow.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tathagata, Utpada, Guna, Tushta, Shuddhadhivasa, Vishuddhasattva, Deva, Nanandri, Vigata, Vigati, Api, Raga, Magna, Duhkha, Jagat, Hita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tathāgatotpādaguṇena tuṣṭāḥ śuddhādhivāsāśca viśuddhasattvāḥ
  • tathāgato -
  • tathāgata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathāgata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathāgatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • utpāda -
  • utpāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utpāda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇena -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • tuṣṭāḥ -
  • tuṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tuṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tuṣ -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tuṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tuṣ class 4 verb]
    tuṣ -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tuṣ class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tuṣ class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √tuṣ class 4 verb]
    tus -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tus class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tus class 1 verb]
    tus -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tus class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tus class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tus class 1 verb]
    tuś -> tuṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tuś class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tuś class 1 verb]
    tuś -> tuṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tuś class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tuś class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tuś class 1 verb]
  • śuddhādhivāsāś -
  • śuddhādhivāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śuddhādhivāsā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśuddhasattvāḥ -
  • viśuddhasattva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśuddhasattvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “devā nanandurvigate 'pi rāge magnasya duḥkhe jagato hitāya
  • devā* -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nanandur -
  • nanandṛ (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    nand (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • vigate' -
  • vigata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vigata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vigatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vigati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    vigati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • rāge -
  • rāga (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rāgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • magnasya -
  • magna (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    magna (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    majj -> magna (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √majj class 6 verb]
    majj -> magna (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √majj class 6 verb]
  • duḥkhe -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • jagato* -
  • jagat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    jagat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • hitāya -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √hi class 5 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.39

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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