Vigata: 18 definitions


Vigata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vigat.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vigata (विगत) means “free from”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Vaiśākha month of Jupiter, princes with their subjects will be virtuous, fearless [i.e., vigata-bhaya] and happy; men will engage in sacrificial rites and there will also be growth of crops”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vigata (विगत) refers to the “absence (of one’s own mind)”, according to the Amaraughaprabodha: a short 13th century treatise on Yoga attributed to Gorakṣanātha which teaches the fourfold system of yoga (Mantra, Laya, Haṭha and Rāja).—Accordingly, “Some drink urine, their own impurity. Some eat their saliva as food. Some draw up [their] semen that falls from a woman’s vagina after having penetrated [her]. And some who are skilled in circulating the breath through the channels of the entire body, consume dhātus. They do not have mastery of the body without [the state of] Rājayoga, in which their minds are absent (vigata). When the mind has attained equanimity and the breath moves into the central channel, [then] these Amarolī, Vajrolī and Sahajolī [Mudras] arise”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vigata (विगत) refers to “that which is free (from existence and non-existence)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “Śāriputra, the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, seating in the lion’s throne thus, explained the dharma-seal called Gaganapariśuddhi to these Bodhisattvas, which has thirty-two aspects of entrance. What is this Dharma-seal (dharmamudrā) called Gaganapariśuddhi which has thirty-two aspects of entrance? [...] To wit, 1) all dharmas are free from existence and non-existence (bhāvābhāva-vigata) since they have no proper nature; 2) all dharmas are without a proper nature because of their essential characteristic (lakṣaṇa) of cognition (vijñapti); [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vigata (विगत) refers to “one who has gone (from all residences)” as occurring in the Heart-mantra (hṛdayamantra) taught to Vajrapāṇi, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vigata : (pp. of vigacchati) gone away; ceased; deprived of; being without.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vigata, (°-) (pp. of vigacchati, in act. (reflexive) & medpass. function) gone away, disappeared, ceased; having lost or foregone (for-gone=vi-gata), deprived of, being without; often to be translated simply as prep. “without. ” It nearly always occurs in compn, where it precedes the noun. By itself rare, e.g. Sn. 483 (sārambhā yassa vigatā); VvA. 33 (padumā mā vigatā hotu). Otherwise as follows: °āsa Pug. 27; °āsava SnA 51; °icchā Dh. 359; °khila Sn. 19; °cāpalla D. I, 115; DA. I, 286; °chavivaṇṇa ThA. 80 (=vivaṇṇa); °jīvita PvA. 40; °paccaya Vism. 541; Tikp 7, 21, 59; °paṭighāta DhA. IV, 176; °mada Mhvs 34, 94; °raja Sn. 517; J. I, 117; °valita PvA. 153. Cp. vīta° in similar application and meaning. (Page 614)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vigata (विगत).—p S Gone, departed, past. 2 Separated, severed, parted from. 3 Of whom or which it is gone or departed. Used esp. in comp. as vigataiśrvarya Of departed grandeur or glory, vigatastrī, vigatasampatti, vigataprāṇa, vigatamatsara, vigatakāma, vigata- krōdha, vigatadhavā. See others under gata.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vigata (विगत).—p Gone, past. Separated. Of whom or which it is gone or departed. Used in comp. as vigavaiśrvarya Of departed glory &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vigata (विगत).—p. p.

1) Departed, gone away, disappeared.

2) Parted, separated.

3) Dead; विगतं तु विदेशस्थं शृणुयाद्यो ह्यनिर्दशम् (vigataṃ tu videśasthaṃ śṛṇuyādyo hyanirdaśam) Manusmṛti 5.75.

4) Destitute or devoid of, free from (in comp.); विगतमदः (vigatamadaḥ).

5) Lost.

6) Dark, obscured.

-tā A girl in love with another (hence unfit for marriage).

-tam The flight of birds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vigata (विगत).—as adj., either lost, hopeless (so perhaps vigaya in AMg. and Prakrit, [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary], [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo]; but their definitions are not clear), or (Sanskrit Lex. glanzlos, [Boehtlingk and Roth]) unenlightened, dark: ākāṅkṣamāṇā vigatā vipaṇḍitā, sattvā na jānanti samanta-udyamāṃ Mahāvastu i.165.3 (verses), the creatures (before Buddha appeared), in doubt, lost (? dark), ignorant, do not know all the exertions (of the Buddha; next line). Senart fails to see the situation envisaged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigata (विगत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Gone, departed, disappeared. 2. Separated, severed, parted. 3. Freed or exempt from. 4. Lost. 5. Gloomy, dark, obscured. 6. Dead. E. vi implying disunion, (of light, &c.) gata gone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigata (विगत).—[adjective] gone away, disappeared, ceased, dead, remote; often °— having no —, free from, -less.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vigata (विगत):—[=vi-gata] [from vi] 1. vi-gata n. (for 2. See under vi-√gam) the flight of birds, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [=vi-gata] [from vi-gam] 2. vi-gata mfn. (for 1. See under 1. vi) gone asunder, dispersed, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] gone away, departed, disappeared, ceased, gone (often [in the beginning of a compound]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] dead, deceased, [Manu-smṛti v, 75]

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abstaining or desisting from, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] come from (cf. vidūra-vigata), destitute of light, obscured, gloomy, dark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Vigatā (विगता):—[=vi-gatā] [from vi-gata > vi-gam] f. a girl in love with another or unfit for marriage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vigata (विगत):—[vi-gata] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Gone, separated; lost; gloomy, dark.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vigata (विगत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Via, Vigaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vigata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vigata (विगत) [Also spelled vigat]:—(a and nm) (the) past; used as a suffix it means deprived/divested of, minus, one who or that which has lost (as ~[bala] rendered or turned powerless); ~[jñāna] rendered/turned senseless; ~[rāga] lost to attachment, having no attachments any more.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vigata (ವಿಗತ):—

1) [adjective] gone; moved away; departed.

2) [adjective] not present; absent; disappeared.

3) [adjective] separated; parted.

4) [adjective] no longer living; dead.

5) [adjective] not having; lacking.

6) [adjective] not to be found; missing; lost.

--- OR ---

Vigata (ವಿಗತ):—[noun] the act of a bird flying; flight.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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