Utpada, Utpāda: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Utpada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Utpāda (उत्पाद) refers to “birth”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 18).—Accordingly, “[...] The person who keeps the precepts (śīla) is reborn among the gods; trance, knowledge, purity of mind assure nirvāṇa. The merit inherent in generosity is the equipment for the Path of nirvāṇa: indeed, by thinking of the gifts [which one has made], one rejoices; by rejoicing, one settles one’s mind; by settling the mind, one contemplates impermanence of birth and death (utpāda-nirodha); by contemplating the impermanence of birth and death, one obtains the Path”.

2) Utpāda (उत्पाद) refers to “(the nature of) being born”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “The yogin also says to himself: ‘It is because of happiness that one becomes attached to the body; but who is experiencing this happiness?’ Having reflected, he knows that feeling (vedanā) comes from the mind (citta). It is following mental elation (cittakṣepa) and a misunderstanding (viparyāsa) that beings experience a given happiness. The Yogin must take into account that the mind which is transitory (anitya) has the nature of being born and perishing (utpāda-bhaṅga-lakṣaṇa) and lasts for only a moment, is unable to experience happiness. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Utpāda (उत्पाद) (Cf. Anutpāda) refers to “origination”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Son of good family, there are eight patiences reflecting on the dharma of the Bodhisattvas. What are the eight? [...] the patience without birth since characters are unconditioned; (6) the patience without origination (anutpāda) since there is no arising and abiding (utpādasthiti); (7) the patience without being since there is no destruction of things; (8) patience truly as it is since there is no destruction by time. Son of good family, those eight are the patiences reflecting on the dharma of the Bodhisattvas”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Utpāda (उत्पाद, “origination”) refers to one of the three ‘holy steps’ as taught by Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—

“[...] then the Lord of the World taught eighty-four wise ascetics—Ṛṣabhasena and others, who had the body-making karma of gaṇabhṛts, the holy ‘three steps,’ origination (utpāda), perishing (vigama), and permanence (dhrauvya), the mother of all the scriptures. He taught the fourteen pūrvas, and then they gradually made the twelve aṅgas in accordance with the ‘three steps’.”.

Source: Atma Dharma: Principles of Jainism

Origination; Origination is the emergence or assuming of a new modification in a substance.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Utpāda (उत्पाद, “origination”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.7.—What is the meaning of origination (utpāda)? Acquisition of a new state /mode (due to external and internal causes) every time instant, by living and non-living beings without losing their generic and specific attributes is called origination. How many types of origination (utpāda) are there? It is of two types namely self-cause and caused by others.

According to Tattvārthasūtra 5.30, what is meant by origination (utpāda)? To acquire a new mode (state or paryāya) by a substance without leaving its own nature is called origination.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद).—a. With the feet up-lifted.

-daḥ Birth, production, appearance; उत्पादस्याप्रसिद्धत्वात् (utpādasyāprasiddhatvāt) Gauḍ.4.38; Sarva. S.3.28. दुःखे च शोणितोत्पादे शाखाङ्गाच्छेदने तथा (duḥkhe ca śoṇitotpāde śākhāṅgācchedane tathā) Y.2.225; °भङ्गुरम् (bhaṅguram) Pt.2.177.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद).—m. (Sanskrit id., production etc.; so in cittotpāda, q.v.), (1) in bodhisattvotpāda, Kashgar recension for bodhi- sattvāvavāda, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 65.1 et alibi, see avavāda (of which this seems to be a secondary distortion); (2) (= Pali uppāda, for Sanskrit utpāta), portent, omen: Mahāvastu iii.386.10 °deṣu vidyāyukto (of a brahman purohita); probably in this meaning utpāda-gaṇḍa-piṭakāni Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.82.17, (bad) omens. [Pagĕ6-a+ 71] boils and abscesses, or boils and abscesses due to the (above- described) omens; but Tibetan, if I understand it, fails to interpret the word. Senart, Mahāvastu ii.549, note on ii.279.20, assumes this meaning also in pūrvotpāda-saṃpanno bodhisattvo, which however seems to me to mean simply perfect in (or, as a result of) previous births; so agrotpāda-saṃpanno ii.279.21; and compare ii.259.12 ff., also of bodhisattvas, pūrvot- pāda-saṃpanno…kalyāṇotpāda° agrotpāda° jyeṣṭhot- pāda° śreṣṭhotpāda° praṇidhi-pūrvotpāda°; a very similar list ii.291.12 ff. If I am right, utpāda here has its normal Sanskrit mg; (3) calamity (due to bad omens; development of 2): °dam āpadyeyur MPS 31.63 (otherwise Waldschmidt).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद).—i. e. ud-pad + a, m. Producing, causing, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 225 (shedding).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद).—[masculine] coming forth, birth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utpāda (उत्पाद):—[=ut-pāda] [from ut-pad] 1. ut-pāda (for 2. See sub voce) m. coming forth, birth, production, [Yājñavalkya; Prabodha-candrodaya etc.]

2) [=ut-pāda] 2. ut-pāda (for 1. See p. 180, col. 3) mfn. having the legs stretched out, standing on the legs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद):—[utpā+da] (daḥ-dā-daṃ) a. With the feet upwards and the head downwards.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Utpāda (उत्पाद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uppāḍa, Uppāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Utpada in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Utpāda (उत्पाद) [Also spelled utpad]:—(nm) product(s), yield, produce; also ~[dya] (nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Utpāda (ಉತ್ಪಾದ):—

1) [noun] birth a) the act or fact of coming into life or of being born; b) the act of bringing forth an offspring.

2) [noun] that in which something has its beginning; a source; a prime cause; an origin.

3) [noun] something produced; yield; produce.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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