Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.40

यस्मिन् प्रसूते गिरिराजकीला वाताहता नौरिव भूश्चचाल ।
सचन्दना चोत्पलपद्मगर्भा पपात वृष्टिर्गगणादनभ्रात् ॥ ४० ॥

yasmin prasūte girirājakīlā vātāhatā nauriva bhūścacāla |
sacandanā cotpalapadmagarbhā papāta vṛṣṭirgagaṇādanabhrāt || 40 ||

When he was born, the earth, though fastened down by (Himalaya) the monarch of mountains, shook like a ship tossed by the wind; and from a cloudless sky there fell a shower full of lotuses and water-lilies, and perfumed with sandalwood.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Yat, Prasuta, Prasuti, Giriraja, Kila, Vatahata, Nau, Iva, Bhu, Candana, Utpala, Vrishti, Gagana, Anabhra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yasmin prasūte girirājakīlā vātāhatā nauriva bhūścacāla
  • yasmin -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • prasūte -
  • prasūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prasūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    prasūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    prasūti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • girirāja -
  • girirāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    girirāja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kīlā* -
  • kīla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kīlā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vātāhatā* -
  • vātāhata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vātāhatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • naur -
  • nau (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhūś -
  • bhu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
    bhū (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second single]
  • cacāla -
  • cal (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “sacandanā cotpalapadmagarbhā papāta vṛṣṭirgagaṇādanabhrāt
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • candanā -
  • candanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • co -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • utpala -
  • utpala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utpala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • padmagarbhā -
  • papāta -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active second plural]
    pat (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    pat (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vṛṣṭir -
  • vṛṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛṣṭi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gagaṇād -
  • gagaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    gagaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • anabhrāt -
  • anabhra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    anabhra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.40

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: