Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.15.1

सूत उवाच ।
एतस्मिन्नेव काले तु भगिन्यौ ते तपोधन ।
अपश्यतां समायान्तमुच्चैःश्रवसमन्तिकात् ॥ १ ॥

sūta uvāca |
etasminneva kāle tu bhaginyau te tapodhana |
apaśyatāṃ samāyāntamuccaiḥśravasamantikāt || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...pointing upwards. On seeing them, Jaratkaru addressed them, saying: 'Who are you thus hanging heads down in this hole by a rope of virana fibres that is again secretly eaten into on...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.15.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suta, Etad, Esha, Eva, Kale, Kala, Bhagini, Tad, Yushmad, Tapodhana, Apashyat, Apashyata, Samaya, Uccaihshravas, Uccaihshravasa, Antikat, Antika,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.15.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sūta uvāca
  • sūta* -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 1 verb], [nominative single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “etasminneva kāle tu bhaginyau te tapodhana
  • etasminn -
  • etad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhaginyau -
  • bhaginī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tapodhana -
  • tapodhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tapodhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “apaśyatāṃ samāyāntamuccaiḥśravasamantikāt
  • apaśyatām -
  • apaśyat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    apaśyat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    apaśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • samāyān -
  • samāya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    samāyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • uccaiḥśravasam -
  • uccaiḥśravasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uccaiḥśravas (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • antikāt -
  • antikāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    antika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    antika (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.15.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.15.1 in Kannada sript:
ಸೂತ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಏತಸ್ಮಿನ್ನೇವ ಕಾಲೇ ತು ಭಗಿನ್ಯೌ ತೇ ತಪೋಧನ ।
ಅಪಶ್ಯತಾಂ ಸಮಾಯಾನ್ತಮುಚ್ಚೈಃಶ್ರವಸಮನ್ತಿಕಾತ್ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.15.1 in Bengali sript:
সূত উবাচ ।
এতস্মিন্নেব কালে তু ভগিন্যৌ তে তপোধন ।
অপশ্যতাং সমাযান্তমুচ্চৈঃশ্রবসমন্তিকাত্ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.15.1 in Gujarati sript:
સૂત ઉવાચ ।
એતસ્મિન્નેવ કાલે તુ ભગિન્યૌ તે તપોધન ।
અપશ્યતાં સમાયાન્તમુચ્ચૈઃશ્રવસમન્તિકાત્ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.15.1 in Malayalam sript:
സൂത ഉവാച ।
ഏതസ്മിന്നേവ കാലേ തു ഭഗിന്യൌ തേ തപോധന ।
അപശ്യതാം സമായാന്തമുച്ചൈഃശ്രവസമന്തികാത് ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.15.1 in Telugu sript:
సూత ఉవాచ ।
ఏతస్మిన్నేవ కాలే తు భగిన్యౌ తే తపోధన ।
అపశ్యతాం సమాయాన్తముచ్చైఃశ్రవసమన్తికాత్ ॥ ౧ ॥

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