Tapodhana, Tapas-dhana: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tapodhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tapodhana (तपोधन).—(Paulastya): a sage of the epoch of the 4th Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 92.

1b) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 17.

1c) A sage of the XII epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 35.

1d) A son of Bhṛgu, the avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 149.
Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Tapodhana (तपोधन) refrers to one of the ten sons of Tāmasa Manu (of the fourth manvantara), according to the Harivaṃśa-purāṇa 1.7.20-29:—“In the Tāmasa-manvantara there were the gods called Satya. Tāmasa Manu had ten very strong sons, known as Dyuti, Tapasya, Sutapa, Tapomūla, Tapodhana, Taparati, Kalmāṣa, Tanvī, Dhanvī and Paraṃtapa. All of them were owned by vāyu”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Tapodhana (तपोधन) is the name of a hermit (Muni) who taught the sciences (vidyā) to the two sons of the Sārvabhauma (emperor) Merudhvaja, as mentioned to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 118. Accordingly, as Indra said to emperor Merudhvaja: “... Muktāphaladhvaja and his younger brother [Malayadhvaja] shall obtain from the hermit Tapodhana the sciences and all weapons and a creature to ride on, that shall possess the power of assuming any shape”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tapodhana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Tapodhanā (तपोधना) is another name for Śrāvaṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.17-18 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Tapodhanā and Śrāvaṇī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tapodhana.—(CITD), in Telugu-Kannaḍa records, often used to indicate Jain monks; in Orissan records, a Śaiva ascetic. Note: tapodhana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tapodhana : (m.) monk (lit. rich in asceticism).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tapōdhana (तपोधन).—m (S Whose austerities and devotions constitute his wealth.) A term of address, in epistles or otherwise, to Gosavis and other ascetics or devotees.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tapōdhana (तपोधन) [-nidhī, -निधी].—m A term of address to Gosavis, &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapodhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tapodhana (तपोधन).—a.

1) rich in religious penance.

2) pious, ascetic.

3) consisting in penance,

-naḥ 'rich in penance', an ascetic, devotee; रम्यास्तपोधनानां क्रियाः (ramyāstapodhanānāṃ kriyāḥ) Ś.1.13; शमप्रधानेषु तपोधनेषु (śamapradhāneṣu tapodhaneṣu) 2.7;4.1; Śi.1.23; R.14.19; Ms.11.242.

Tapodhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and dhana (धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapodhana (तपोधन).—m.

(-naḥ) A devotee, an ascetic, one who performs religious penance. f.

(-nā) A plant: see muṇḍīrī. E. tapasa religious austerity, and dhana wealth tapodhanaṃ yasya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapodhana (तपोधन).—adj., f. . 1. devout; subst. m. an ascetic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 241. 2. Consisting in devotion, Mahābhārata 13, 2727.

Tapodhana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and dhana (धन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapodhana (तपोधन).—[adjective] rich in penance, ascetic, pious; [masculine] a devout or pious man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tapodhana (तपोधन):—[=tapo-dhana] [from tapo > tap] mf(ā)n. rich in religious austerities, (m.) a great ascetic, [Manu-smṛti xi, 242; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa ii, 69, 62 etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Manu Tāmasa, [i, 7, 23]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi of the 12th Manv-antara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 2, 34]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Muni, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxvii, 125]

5) [v.s. ...] = pasvipattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Tapodhanā (तपोधना):—[=tapo-dhanā] [from tapo-dhana > tapo > tap] f. Sphaeranthus mollis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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