Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.15.2

यं तं देवगणाः सर्वे हृष्टरूपा अपूजयन् ।
मथ्यमानेऽमृते जातमश्वरत्नमनुत्तमम् ॥ २ ॥

yaṃ taṃ devagaṇāḥ sarve hṛṣṭarūpā apūjayan |
mathyamāne'mṛte jātamaśvaratnamanuttamam || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...sides by a rat living here?' "The ancestors said, 'We are Rishis of rigid vows, called Yayavaras. We are sinking low into the earth for want of offspring. We have a son named...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.15.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Devagana, Sarva, Hrishtarupa, Mathyamana, Amrita, Jata, Ashvaratna, Anuttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.15.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yaṃ taṃ devagaṇāḥ sarve hṛṣṭarūpā apūjayan
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • devagaṇāḥ -
  • devagaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • hṛṣṭarūpā* -
  • hṛṣṭarūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hṛṣṭarūpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • apūjayan -
  • pūj (verb class 10)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “mathyamāne'mṛte jātamaśvaratnamanuttamam
  • mathyamāne' -
  • manth -> mathyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √manth class 1 verb], [locative single from √manth class 9 verb]
    manth -> mathyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [locative single from √manth class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √manth class 9 verb], [vocative dual from √manth class 9 verb], [accusative dual from √manth class 9 verb], [locative single from √manth class 9 verb]
    manth -> mathyamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [vocative single from √manth class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √manth class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √manth class 9 verb], [vocative single from √manth class 9 verb], [vocative dual from √manth class 9 verb], [accusative dual from √manth class 9 verb]
    mathyamāna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mathyamāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • amṛte -
  • amṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    amṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    amṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • jātam -
  • jāta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jāta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jātā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jan -> jāta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jan class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 2 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 3 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 4 verb]
    jan -> jāta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jan class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 2 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 2 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 3 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 4 verb], [accusative single from √jan class 4 verb]
  • aśvaratnam -
  • aśvaratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • anuttamam -
  • anuttama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anuttama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anuttamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.15.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.15.2 in Kannada sript:
ಯಂ ತಂ ದೇವಗಣಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ಹೃಷ್ಟರೂಪಾ ಅಪೂಜಯನ್ ।
ಮಥ್ಯಮಾನೇಽಮೃತೇ ಜಾತಮಶ್ವರತ್ನಮನುತ್ತಮಮ್ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.15.2 in Bengali sript:
যং তং দেবগণাঃ সর্বে হৃষ্টরূপা অপূজযন্ ।
মথ্যমানেঽমৃতে জাতমশ্বরত্নমনুত্তমম্ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.15.2 in Gujarati sript:
યં તં દેવગણાઃ સર્વે હૃષ્ટરૂપા અપૂજયન્ ।
મથ્યમાનેઽમૃતે જાતમશ્વરત્નમનુત્તમમ્ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.15.2 in Malayalam sript:
യം തം ദേവഗണാഃ സര്വേ ഹൃഷ്ടരൂപാ അപൂജയന് ।
മഥ്യമാനേഽമൃതേ ജാതമശ്വരത്നമനുത്തമമ് ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.15.2 in Telugu sript:
యం తం దేవగణాః సర్వే హృష్టరూపా అపూజయన్ ।
మథ్యమానేఽమృతే జాతమశ్వరత్నమనుత్తమమ్ ॥ ౨ ॥

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