Samaya, aka: Samayā, Samāya; 14 Definition(s)
Samaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Samaya (समय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 26. 26: 35. 16: 36. 135: III. 48. 41. Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 25: 88. 138: 91. 12: 96. 59: 100. 52.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 48. 46.
- 3) Ib. III. 66. 12-13: 72. 126.
1b) A son of Kriyā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 35.
1c) A deva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Samaya (समय, “deliverance”) refers to ‘deliverance’ from all misery or misfortune. Samaya represents one of the fourteen nirvahaṇasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. This element is also known as Śama. Nirvahaṇasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the concluding part (nirvahaṇa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Samaya (समय).—One of the fourteen elements of the ‘concluding segment’ (nirvahaṇasandhi);—(Description:) Passing away of all misery, is called Deliverance (samaya).Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Samaya (समय, “guild”).—An inscription from Maṭṭeweda dated A.D. 1228 and an undated record from Bezaweda warns the members of the Samaya that if any one who violates the samayadharma will be excommunicated from the guild or samaya. The guilds also dealt the civil cases.Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Samaya (समय).—The omission of words which have already occurred before in the recital of the Pada and other Pathas or recitals, with a view to avoiding an unnecessary repetition; cf.दृष्टक्रमत्वात्समयान् संदध्यात् सर्वशः क्रमे। पदेन व पदाभ्यां च प्रागवस्येदतीत्य च (dṛṣṭakramatvātsamayān saṃdadhyāt sarvaśaḥ krame| padena va padābhyāṃ ca prāgavasyedatītya ca) R.Pr.X.12.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
General definition (in Jainism)
Samaya (समय) refers to “time-instant” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.40.—“It (conventional time) consists of infinite instants”.—What is the meaning of time-instant (samaya)? The smallest mode of time is called time-instant. How is practical time said to of infinite time-instants? Time consists of infinite time-instants. Present is one time instant. Infinite is with respect to the past and future also and to figuratively prove or establish continuity. What is the meaning of one time-instant? The normal time taken to move by one matter sub-atom from one space point to another adjacent space point is called time-instant.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
samaya : (m.) time; congregation; season; occasion; religion.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Samaya, (cp. Sk. samaya, fr. saṃ+i. See also samiti) congregation; time, condition, etc.—At DhsA. 57 sq. we find a detailed expln of the word samaya (s-sadda), with meanings given as follows: (1) samavāya (“harmony in antecedents” trsln), (2) khaṇa (opportunity), (3) kāla (season), (4) samūha (crowd, assembly), (5) hetu (condition), (6) diṭṭhi (opinion). (7) paṭilābha (acquisition), (8) pahāna (elimination), (9) paṭivedha (penetra‹-› tion). Bdhgh illustrates each one with fitting examples; cp. DhsA. 61.—We may group as follows: 1. coming together, gathering; a crowd, multitude D. I, 178 (°pavādaka debating hall); II, 254 sq.; Miln. 257; J. I, 373; PvA. 86 (=samāgama). samayā in a crowd Pv III, 34 (so read for samayyā; PvA. 189 “saṅgamma”). ‹-› 2. consorting with, intercourse Miln. 163; DhA. I, 90; sabba° consorting with everybody J. IV, 317.—3. time, point of time, season D. I, 1; Sn. 291, 1015; Vin. I, 15; VbhA. 157 (maraṇa°); Vism. 473 (def.);— samayā samayaṃ upādāya from time to time It. 75. Cases adverbially: ekaṃ samayaṃ at one time D. I, 47, 87, 111; tena samayena at that time D. I, 179; DhA. I, 90. aparena s. in course of time, later PvA. 31, 68; yasmiṃ samaye at which time D. I, 199; DhsA. 61. ekasmiṃ samaye some time, once J. I, 306. paccūsa° at daybreak PvA. 38; aḍḍharatti° at midnight PvA. 155; cp. ratta°.—4. proper time, due season, opportunity, occasion Sn. 388; Vin. IV, 77; Bu II. 181; Mhvs 22, 59; VbhA. 283 sq.; aññatra samayā except at due season Vin. III, 212; IV, 77; samaye at the right time J. I, 27.—asamaya inopportune, unseasonable D. III, 263, 287.—5. coincidence, circumstance M. I, 438. akkhara° spelling DhA. I, 181.—6. condition, state; extent, sphere (cp. defn of Bdhgh, above 9); taken dogmatically as “diṭṭhi, ” doctrine, view (equal to above defn 6) It. 14 (imamhi samaye); DhA. I, 90 (jānana°); Dāvs VI, 4 (°antara var. views). bāhira° state of an outsider, doctrine of outsiders, i.e. brahmanic DhA. III, 392, cp. brāhmaṇānaṃ samaye DA. I, 291; ariyānaṃ samaye Miln. 229.—7. end, conclusion, annihilation Sn. 876; °vimutta finally emancipated A. III, 173; V, 336 (a°); Pug. 11; cp. DhsA. 57.—pp. abhi°.
—vasaṭha at A. II, 41 is to be read as samavasaṭṭha, i.e. thoroughly given up. Thus Kern, Toev. The same passage occurs at D. III, 269 as samavaya-saṭhesana (see under saṭha). (Page 683)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
samaya (समय).—m (S) A time, season, occasion, a or the time, any particular time: also the season or proper time. 2 S Agreement, compact, contract, engagement or appointment with or together. sa0 paḍaṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ with vara of s. To have a time of calamity come upon one. samayaviśēṣīṃ Upon some particular occasion or season. samayācē śirīṃ, samayāsa or samayīṃ upayōgī paḍaṇēṃ To come of use upon occasion or in its proper time.
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samaya (समय).—f (Or samaī) A metal and upright lampstand and lamp.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
samaya (समय).—m A time, occasion; agreement. f See samaī. samaya paḍaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ Have a time of calamity come upon one. samayaviśēṣīṃ Upon some particular occasion. samayī upayōgīṃ paḍaṇēṃ Come of use upon occasion.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Samaya (समय).—1 Time in general.
2) Occassion, opportunity; न तैः समयमन्विच्छेत् पुरुषो धर्ममाचरन् (na taiḥ samayamanvicchet puruṣo dharmamācaran) Ms.1.53.
3) Fit time, proper time or season, right moment; गन्तुं प्रवृत्ते समयं विलङ्घ्य (gantuṃ pravṛtte samayaṃ vilaṅghya) Ku.3.35.
4) An agreement, a compact, contract, an engagement; मिथःसमयात् (mithaḥsamayāt) Ś.5.
5) A convention, conventional usage.
6) An established rule of conduct, a ceremonial custom, usual practice, observance; निह्नवन्ति च ये तेषां समयं सुकृतं च यत् (nihnavanti ca ye teṣāṃ samayaṃ sukṛtaṃ ca yat) Mb.12. 229.8; निरस्तनारीसमया दुराधयः (nirastanārīsamayā durādhayaḥ) Ki.1.28; U.1.
7) The convention of poets; (e. g. that persons separated from their beloveds are affected at the sight of clouds.).
8) An appointment, assignation.
9) A condition, stipulation; V.5.
10) A law, rule, regulation; वीराणां समयो हि दारुणरसः स्नेहक्रमं बाधते (vīrāṇāṃ samayo hi dāruṇarasaḥ snehakramaṃ bādhate) U.5.19.
11) Direction, order, instruction; precept.
12) Emergency, exigency.
13) An oath; कामं तथा तिष्ठ नरेन्द्र तस्मिन् यथा कृतस्ते समयः सभायाम् (kāmaṃ tathā tiṣṭha narendra tasmin yathā kṛtaste samayaḥ sabhāyām) Mb.3.183.35.
14) A sign, hint, indication; शौरिसमयनिगृहीतधियः (śaurisamayanigṛhītadhiyaḥ) Śi.15.41.
15) Limit, boundary.
16) A demonstrated conclusion, doctrine, tenet; बौद्ध°, वैशेषिक° (bauddha°, vaiśeṣika°) &c.
17) End, conclusion, termination.
18) Success, prosperity.
19) End of trouble. (samayena 'on condition, conditionally'.)
Derivable forms: samayaḥ (समयः).
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1) Duly, seasonably, in due time.
2) At a fixed or appointed time.
3) In the midst, within, between.
4) Near (with acc.); समया सौधभित्तिम् (samayā saudhabhittim) Dk.; Śi.6.73;15.9; सचिवासमेतं समया गिरोत्तरं नाजनिष्ट मेतं समया (sacivāsametaṃ samayā girottaraṃ nājaniṣṭa metaṃ samayā) Nalod.4.8.
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1) Arrival, coming.
2) A visit.
Derivable forms: samāyaḥ (समायः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Samayavidyā (समयविद्या).—astrology; Dk Samayavidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Viṣuvasamaya (विषुवसमय).—the equinoctial season.Derivable forms: viṣuvasamayaḥ (विषुवसमयः).Viṣu...
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Samayavyabhicārin (समयव्यभिचारिन्).—a. breaking an agreement; निगृह्य दापयेच्चैनं समयव्यभिचारिण...
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Search found 37 books and stories containing Samaya, Samayā or Samāya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.15 < [Section IV - Conflict of Authorities]
Verse 9.273 < [Section XXXVIII - Treatment of Criminals and their Punishment]
Verse 2.248 < [Section XXXI - Acquiring of Learning from the Lowest]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 3a.2 - The divisions of root and branch samayas < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Part 3 - The details of the associated practices and samayas are explained as additional points < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Part 3a.1 - The essence of samaya < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 5 - Explanation of the word ‘samaye’ < [Chapter II - Evam Mayā Śrutam Ekasmin Samaye]
Part 4 - Illuminating the darkness of the intermediary worlds < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
II. Penetrating the mind of the Buddhas < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)