Etad; 2 Definition(s)


Etad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Etad, (pron. adj.) (Vedic etad, of pron. base *e; see Walde, Lat. Wtb. under equidem) demonstr. pron. “this”, with on the whole the same meaning and function as tad, only more definite and emphatic. Declined like tad. Cases: nt. sg. etad (poetical-archaic form) A.II, 17; Sn.274, 430, 822, 1087; J.I, 61, 279; & etaṃ (the usual form) Sn.51, 207, 1036, 1115; J.II, 159; pl. etāni Sn.52; J.II, 159.—m. sg. esa Sn.81, 416, 1052; J.I, 279; II, 159; Miln.18; DhA.I, 18; & eso Sn.61, 312, 393; J.VI, 336; pl. ete Sn.188, 760; J.I, 223.—f. sg. esā Sn.80, 451; J.I, 307; pl. etā Sn.297, 897; J.II, 129.—Oblique cases: Gen. Dat. etassa J.II, 159; f. etissā J.III, 280; Instr. etena Sn.655; J.I, 222; pl. Loc. etesu Sn.248, 339, 1055; f. etāsu Sn.607. Other cases regular & frequent. (Page 161)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Etad (एतद्).—pron. a. (m. eṣaḥ, f. eṣā, n. etad)

1) This, this here, yonder (referring to what is nearest to the speaker (samīpataravarti caitado rūpam); एते वयममी दाराः कन्येयं कुलजीवितम् (ete vayamamī dārāḥ kanyeyaṃ kulajīvitam) K.; the Nom. forms are used like those of इदम् (idam) the sense of 'here'; एष पृच्छामि, एष कथयामि (eṣa pṛcchāmi, eṣa kathayāmi) Mu.3. here I ask &c.; कदा गमिष्यसि-एष गच्छामि (kadā gamiṣyasi-eṣa gacchāmi) Sk.; एषोऽस्मि कामन्दकी संवृत्तः (eṣo'smi kāmandakī saṃvṛttaḥ) Māl.1; एते नवीकृताः स्मः (ete navīkṛtāḥ smaḥ) Ś.5. In this sense एतद् (etad) is sometimes used to give emphasis to the personal pronouns; एषोऽहं कार्यवशादायोध्यिकस्तदानींतनश्च संवृत्तः (eṣo'haṃ kāryavaśādāyodhyikastadānīṃtanaśca saṃvṛttaḥ) U.1.

2) As the subject of a sentence it agrees in gender and number with the predicate without reference to the noun to which it refers; एतद् (etad) (śavalā) मे धनम् (me dhanam); but may sometimes remain in the neuter; एतदेव गुरुषु वृत्तिः (etadeva guruṣu vṛttiḥ) Ms.2.26.

3) It often refers to what precedes, especially when it is joined with इदम् (idam) or any other pronoun; एष वै प्रथमः कल्पः (eṣa vai prathamaḥ kalpaḥ) Ms.3.147; इति यदुक्तं तदेतच्चिन्त्यम् (iti yaduktaṃ tadetaccintyam); एतानीमानि, एते ते (etānīmāni, ete te) &c.

4) It is used in connection with a relative clause, in which case the relative generally follows; प्रच्छन्नवञ्चकास्त्वेते ये स्तेनाटविकादयः (pracchannavañcakāstvete ye stenāṭavikādayaḥ) Ms.9.257. ind. In this manner, thus, so, here, at this time, now. Note:- एतद् (etad) appears as the first member of compounds which are mostly self-explaining; e. g. °अतिरिक्त (atirikta) Besides this. °अनन्तर (anantara) immediately after this; °अन्त (anta) ending thus; °अर्थः (arthaḥ) this matter; °अर्थे (arthe) on this account, therefore; °अवधि (avadhi) to this limit, so far; °अवस्थ (avastha) a. of such a state or condition.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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