Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 16.10

यस्याभिमानो मोक्षेऽपि देहेऽपि ममता तथा ।
न च ज्ञानी न वा योगी केवलं दुःखभागसौ ॥ १० ॥

yasyābhimāno mokṣe'pi dehe'pi mamatā tathā |
na ca jñānī na vā yogī kevalaṃ duḥkhabhāgasau || 10 ||

He who is proud about even liberation or his own body, and feels them his own, is neither a seer or a yogi. He is still just a sufferer.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (16.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yasya, Yah, Yat, Abhimana, Moksha, Api, Deha, Mamata, Tatha, Jnanin, Jnani, Var, Yogin, Yogi, Kevalam, Kevala, Duhkhabhaj, Asi, Asu, Adah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 16.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yasyābhimāno mokṣe'pi dehe'pi mamatā tathā
  • yasyā -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    yasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • abhimāno* -
  • abhimāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mokṣe' -
  • mokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mokṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mokṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • dehe' -
  • deha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    deha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • mamatā -
  • mamatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “na ca jñānī na yogī kevalaṃ duḥkhabhāgasau
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jñānī -
  • jñānī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jñānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    jñānin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yogī -
  • yogī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yogī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    yogin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kevalam -
  • kevalam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kevala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kevala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kevalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • duḥkhabhāg -
  • duḥkhabhāj (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    duḥkhabhāj (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • asau -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 16.10

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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