Jnanin, Jñānī, Jñānin, Jnani: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Jnanin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Jñānī (ज्ञानी).—One who is engaged in the cultivation of knowledge (especially by philosophical speculation). Upon attaining perfection, a jñānī surrenders to Kṛṣṇa; This Sanskrit term is related in both form and meaning to the English word know via the Greek word gnsis. In Vedic terminology, there is jñāna and vijñāna. Jñāna refers to the knowledge of the self as not the body, whereas vijñāna refers to knowledge of the self's relationship to the Supreme Self.

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Jñānī (ज्ञानी).—Materialistic persons who cannot are generally known as karmīs or jñānīs. The jñānīs are mental speculators who simply try to understand what is spirit and what is soul. Their process is neti neti: "This is not spirit, this is not Brahman." The jñānīs are a little more advanced than the dull-headed karmīs, who are simply interested in sense gratification.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) refers to “one in search of knowledge, either impersonal or personal”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) refers to:—One who pursues the path of jñāna, knowledge directed towards impersonal liberation. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) refers to:—One who pursues the path of jñāna, or knowledge, directed towards impersonal liberation; one in search of knowledge, impersonal or transcendental. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) refers to a “knower”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] the knower (jñānin), of course, is not at all bound by actions, even if he continues the householder’s life just as the lotus standing in water is not contaminated by the water. Till the realisation of perfect knowledge a man should continue the ritualistic worship of Śiva”.

2) Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) refers to “wise” and represents one of the “four meritorious persons”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“[...] four kinds of meritorious persons worship me always. O patriarch Dakṣa, the latter are greater than the former. They are—the distressed, the inquisitive, the fortune-seeker and the wise (i.e., jñānin). The first three are ordinary and the fourth one is extraordinary person. The wise among these four is a great favourite of mine. He is of my own form. None is dearer to me than the wise. It is the truth. I tell you the truth”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jñānī (ज्ञानी).—A God of the Rohita gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85. {@Ṭ@} to {@Ṇ@}
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) refers to a “Gnostic”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 327–331).—Accordingly, “[Utpala teaches that] the ‘distinguishing mark of samāveśa’ is ‘insight,’ since it is opposed to the Impurity that is ignorance, being characterized by a perfect (samyag), that is to say complete (‘ā samantāt’), entry into one’s true nature, obtaining which one becomes a gnostic (jñānī), and practicing which, on the levels of body, prāṇa, etc., one becomes a Yogī, due to attaining the glory (vibhava) that is an intrinsic quality of infinite Consciousness.”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) or Jñānīśakti refers to the “energy of knowledge ” and represents one of the five-fold energy in Kula, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “Will, knowledge (jñānīśaktijñānī ... śaktiḥ pañcavidhā), action and bliss—the fifth—is said to be Kuṇḍalī. That (reality), which has been explained in many ways, is the five-fold energy in Kula. O fair lady, know that (this) Kula teaching is internal and it pervades the entire universe along with the gods, demons and warlocks”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) refers to the “cognizer”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—(Cf. Śrotrendriya)—Accordingly, “[...] Sound (śabda) itself, lacking intellect (avabodha) and lacking the organ (indriya), cannot hear sounds. But if the ear-organ (śrotrendriya) is intact, when the sound reaches the auditory field and when the manas wants to hear, the coming together of the object [i.e., sound] and the manas determines the arising of an auditory consciousness. Following this auditory consciousness, there arises a mental consciousness that can analyze all types of causes and conditions and succeeds in hearing sounds. This is why the objection cannot be made: ‘Who hears sound?’ In the Buddha’s doctrine no dharma is agent (kāraka), perceiver (draṣṭṛ) or cognizer (jñānin)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) refers to “(one possessing) higher knowledge”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In the Mandala, an obscured Himalaya, abiding seated in lotus posture, [..] having the fat of the great flesh, absorbed in meditation, with a crown, possessing wisdom, higher knowledge (jñānin), half of one half of sixteen faces, three eyes, a sacred chord, adorned by a continuous line of human heads, terrifying, wrathful, a helper for crossing over together, the dreadful wilderness of saṃsāra, routing Māra, Śrī Vajrasattva, homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) (Cf. Muni) refers to “sages”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Further, for the complete attainment of the desire for liberation, non-attachment, restraint and tranquillity, those [twelve reflections] are tied to the post of the mind by mendicants [com.—jñānin—‘sages’] desiring liberation”.

Synonyms: Muni.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Jñānī (ज्ञानी).—a (S) Wise, sensible, knowing, intelligent, that has knowledge or understanding. 2 By eminence. That possesses religious knowledge. See jñāna Sig. II.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Jñānī (ज्ञानी).—a Wise, sensible, knowing. That possesses religious knowledge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्).—a. (- f.) [ज्ञानमस्त्यस्य इनि (jñānamastyasya ini)] Intelligent, wise. -m.

1) An astrologer, fortune-teller; यदुवाचाग्निदाहादि स ज्ञानी भावि पृच्छताम् (yaduvācāgnidāhādi sa jñānī bhāvi pṛcchatām) Kathāsaritsāgara 19.77.

2) A sage, one possessed of spiritual knowledge; आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी ज्ञानी च भसतर्षभ (ārto jijñāsurarthārthī jñānī ca bhasatarṣabha) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 7.16.

3) Planet mercury; ज्ञानी सर्वज्ञसौम्ययोः (jñānī sarvajñasaumyayoḥ) | Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्).—mfn. (-nī-ninī-ni) 1. Wise, intelligent. 2. Knowing, who or what knows. m. (-nī) 1. An astrologer, a fortune-teller, a man prescient of future events. 2. A sage, one possessing religious wisdom or Jnan (jñāna) as above. E. jñāna knowledge, affix ini.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्).—i. e. jñāna + in, I. adj., f. , One who understands fully, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 103; learned, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 8, 13. Ii. m. An astrologer, a fortune-teller, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 23, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्).—[adjective] = jñānavant; [masculine] astrologer, fortuneteller, [abstract] nitva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्):—[from jñā] mfn. knowing, endowed with knowledge or intelligence, wise, (opposed to vi-) knowing the higher knowledge or knowledge of spirit ([Kathāsaritsāgara lxxix]), [Manu-smṛti xii, 103; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a fortune-teller, astrologer, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 23, 4; Kathāsaritsāgara xviii, 60; xix, 77; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘possessing religious wisdom’, a sage, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्):—[(nī-ninī-ni) a.] Wise. m. An astrologer; a sage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jñānin (ज्ञानिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jāṇi, Ṇāṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jnanin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jñānī (ज्ञानी) [Also spelled gyani]:—(a) wise; learned, knowledgeable, well-informed; one who has attained self-realisation; -[dhyānī] devoted to meditation/spiritual pursuits.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jñāni (ಜ್ಞಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] a wise and learned man; a man having judgement, sagacity, judiciousness and scholarship.

2) [noun] a man having spiritual knowledge or who has realised the spiritual truth.

3) [noun] a man who studies the movements and relative positions of celestial bodies and interprets their supposed influence on human affairs; an astrologer.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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