Visarpa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Visarpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Visarpa (विसर्प) refers to “erysipelas”, but more specifically, it is a subcutaneous tissue disease which spreads very fast and is characterized by inflammation of the skin and tissue and by fevers. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The Sanskrit compound Visarpa is composed of the prefix Vi and the word Sarpa, literally meaning “snake”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The deranged and aggravated Doshas, (Váyu, Pittam and Kapham) having recourse to, and affecting the Tvaka (Skin), flesh and blood, speedily give rise to a sort of shifting, elevated swelling (Sotha) marked by the characteristic symptoms of any of them involved in the case. This swelling tends to extend all over the body. The disease is called Visarpa from the fact of its extending or swiftly shifting character (Skr. srip–to go, to extend).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

Visarpa literarily means ‘spreading’ in Sanskrit and is a term of a disease or symptom in Āyurveda. It includes erysipelas and some similar spreading eruptions.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Memoirs of Vaidyas (3)

Visarpa (विसर्प) refers to “erysipelas” (a form of cellulitis that affects only the top layers of the skin). Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Visarpa (विसर्प) refers to “erysipelas”. (see the Rasajalanidhi by Bhudeb Mookerji volume 3)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Visarpa in Jainism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Visarpa (विसर्प, “contraction”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.16.—How does the empirical soul with innumerable space point exist in one of the innumerable space-points of space? It is possible due to the capacity of expansion (saṃhāra) and contraction (visarpa) of the soul, like light. The empirical soul is of the size of the body it owns according to this capacity of expansion and contraction.

Is contraction (saṃhāra) and expansion (visarpa) nature of the soul or is it an attribute of kārmika bondage? Contraction expansion is not the nature of the sol. It is an attribute of the name karma associated with the soul. Do Siddhas have expansion and contraction? If not, why not? No, as they (Siddhas) is free from body-making karma. Contraction and expansion is an attribute of karma and not of the soul.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Visarpa (विसर्प).—

1) Creeping about, gliding.

2) Moving to and fro.

3) Spread, circulation; किमु विषविसर्पः किमु मदः (kimu viṣavisarpaḥ kimu madaḥ) U.1.36.

4) An unexpected or unwished-for consequence of an act.

5) A sort of disease, dry spreading itch; लवणाम्लकटूष्णादिसेवनाद्दोषकोपतः । विसर्पः सप्तधा ज्ञेयः सर्वतः परिसर्पणात् (lavaṇāmlakaṭūṣṇādisevanāddoṣakopataḥ | visarpaḥ saptadhā jñeyaḥ sarvataḥ parisarpaṇāt) ||

Derivable forms: visarpaḥ (विसर्पः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Visarpa (विसर्प).—m.

(-rpaḥ) 1. Spreading. 2. Going. 3. Going variously. 4. Flying, gliding. 5. Unwished consequence of any act. 6. Erysipelatous inflammation. E. vi before sṛp to go, ghañ aff.

Visarpa can also be spelled as Vīsarpa (वीसर्प).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Agnivisarpa
Agnivisarpa (अग्निविसर्प).—m. (-rpaḥ) Pain from a boil. E. agni and visarpa a boil.
Visarpaghna
Visarpaghna (विसर्पघ्न).—wax.Derivable forms: visarpaghnam (विसर्पघ्नम्).Visarpaghna is a Sansk...
Samhara
Saṃhāra (संहार, “annihilation”) refers to the “annihilation of the world” and represents one of...
Gandhaka
Gandhaka (गन्धक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. Sulphur. 2. The morunga tree, (M. hyperanthera, &c.) see śob...
Visarpika
Visarpikā (विसर्पिका).—See विसर्प (visarpa) (5) above.See also (synonyms): visarpi.
Lutavisha
Lūtāviṣa (लूताविष):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “spider venom”, and is us...
Udarda
Udarda (उदर्द).—m. (-rdaḥ) Erysipelas. E. ud up, arda to go, ac aff.
Visarpin
Visarpin (विसर्पिन्).—mfn. (-rpī-rpiṇī-rpi) Spreading over or along, gliding, going gently. E. ...
Sritvan
Sṛtvan (सृत्वन्).—m.1) Spread, circulation.2) Name of Brahman; L. D. B.3) The disease विसर्प (v...
Visarpi
Visarpi (विसर्पि).—See विसर्प (visarpa) (5) above.Derivable forms: visarpiḥ (विसर्पिः).See also...
Vaisarpa
Vaisarpa (वैसर्प).—m. (= Sanskrit visarpa; compare next), a disease like erysipelas: Mvy 9509 =...

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