Visarjana: 20 definitions


Visarjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Visarjan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to “mystical discharge and conclusion” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, mystical discharge and conclusion (visarjana)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.

Visarjana (ritualistic farewell) is also mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20, while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] Pañcāṅgapāṭha shall then be performed by the Vedic scholar. Then Visarjana (ritualistic farewell) shall be performed with the mantra ‘Devā gātu’ etc.”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Visarjana (विसर्जन).—A Yadu tribe; ended their lives by killing their kinsmen.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 30. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Visarjana (विसर्जन) or Visarjanamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 70-71.—Accordingly, “the fingers of both the hands should be made to look like the sword and be kept apart. The thumbs are to (be raised) be made to look like sticks and gradually form into fists starting from the little finger. This is the mudrā for farewell”.

Mūdra (eg., Visarjana-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to “laying off (one’s body)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.26.—Accordingly: “When he heard that his father had laid off his body (deha-visarjana), Raghu’s son shed tears for a long time, and then performed the final sacrifice of that Indra of the earth together with the chaplain”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to the “cessation” (of differentiation), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 8.4.7, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“Next, after [the Mantrin has] caused the cessation, etc. (visarjanavisarjanādi kṛtvā) [of differentiation], as taught of the eight-fold subtle body through the offerings of inviting, reverence and oblation, [and] after he has purified all the paths, after he has first united [the initiand] with all the other tattvas, beginning with kalā, he should then] cut off of the topknot and perform homa. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to the “removal of holy items” (e.g., releasing the sacred vases), and represents one of the elements of Newar rituals.—Books such as the Daśakarmavidhi detail on the most common rules to be followed by the Newar priests, the priest’s clients, or the clan’s oldest men or women who are mostly ritually responsible for the ritual, and the individual(s) for whom the life-cycle ritual is performed.—The Āśīrvāda rite is mentioned under the heading “Concluding rites”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to “dismissal”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ you have done the aim of all beings, granting the success that follows, Go away, to disperse in the Buddha sphere and return again! Oṃ Āḥ Hūṃ dismissal (visarjana) of the Vajramaṇḍala Mūḥ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Visarjana (विसर्जन) refers to “dismissal” (as part of an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] Having placed a Nāga facing east, the spell-master should sit down facing that, and should perform invitation, offering of flower and incense and dismissal (visarjana) with the mantra. Then the spell-master should do recitation for 1,008 times. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

visarjana (विसर्जन).—n (S) Abandoning, quitting, giving up or letting go. Ex. of comp. gōvisarjana, kūpavisarjana, prāṇavisarjana, bāṇavisarjana, malavisarjana, mūtravisarjana. 2 Dismissing, despatching, sending away. Ex. dēvatāvisarjana, sabhāvisarjana.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

visarjana (विसर्जन).—n Abandoning, dismissing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन).—

1) Emitting, sending forth, pouring down; समतया वसुवृष्टिविसर्जनैः (samatayā vasuvṛṣṭivisarjanaiḥ) R.9.6.

2) Giving away, a gift, donation; R.9.6.

3) Voiding; वाष्वग्निविप्रमादित्यमपः पश्यंस्तथैव गाः । न कदाचन कुर्वीत बिण्मूत्रस्य विसर्जनम् (vāṣvagnivipramādityamapaḥ paśyaṃstathaiva gāḥ | na kadācana kurvīta biṇmūtrasya visarjanam) || Manusmṛti 4.48.

4) Casting off, quitting, abandoning; श्रुतदेहविसर्जनः पितुः (śrutadehavisarjanaḥ pituḥ) R.8.25.

5) Sending away, dismissal.

6) Allowing (the deity invoked) to go (opp. āvāhana).

7) Setting a bull at liberty on certain occasions.

8) Driving out (cows to pasture).

9) Product, creation.

Derivable forms: visarjanam (विसर्जनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Gift, donation. 2. Quitting, relinquishing. 3. Sending, dispatching. 4. Dismissing, sending away. 5. Throwing the image, &c. into holy water, as the concluding rite of the festival of a deity. E. vi before sṛj to let go, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन).—i. e. vi-sṛj + ana, n. 1. Relinquishing, [Nala] 10, 15. 2. Sending away, dismissing, Chr. 9, 38. 3. Sending. 4. Donation, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 80, 3 ([Prakrit]). 5. Throwing the image of a deity in holy water, as the concluding rite of a festival.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन).—[neuter] cessation, end; making cease, remove; letting go, dismission etc. = [preceding] as far as creation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Visarjana (विसर्जन):—[=vi-sarjana] [from vi-sṛj] m. [plural] Name of a family, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [=vi-sarjana] [from vi-sṛj] n. cessation, end, [Ṛg-veda; ???; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] relaxation (of the voice), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] evacuation, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] abandoning, deserting, giving up, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] discharge, emission, [Manu-smṛti; Raghuvaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] sending forth, dismissal, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] driving out (cows to pasture), [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

9) [v.s. ...] throwing (the image of a deity into holy water, as the concluding rite of a festival), [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] setting (a bull) at liberty (on [particular] occasions), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [v.s. ...] giving, bestowing, [Kāvya literature]

12) [v.s. ...] hurting, casting, shooting, [Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] creating, [Ṛg-veda]

14) [v.s. ...] product, creation, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] answering a question, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन):—[vi-sarjana] (naṃ) 1. n. Gift; quitting; sending.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Visarjanā (विसर्जना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Visajjaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Visarjana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Visarjana (विसर्जन) [Also spelled visarjan]:—(nm) dispersal; abandonment; ~[rjana karanā] to disperse; to abandon; ~[rjita] dispersed; abandoned.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Visarjana (ವಿಸರ್ಜನ):—

1) [noun] the act of abandoning, reliquishing; abandonment; relinquishment.

2) [noun] anything that is given (as a gift).

3) [noun] the formal sending off of a deity who was installed in an idol for temporary period (as during a festival).

4) [noun] a discharging of urine, faeces, etc. from the body.

5) [noun] (dance.) one of the twenty actions of the hand, expressing abandoning, relinquishing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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