Vinayapitaka, aka: Vinaya-pitaka, Vinayapiṭaka; 4 Definition(s)


Vinayapitaka means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Vinayapitaka in Theravada glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

One of the three divisions of the Tipitaka. It contains rules and regulations for the conduct of monks and nuns in all the details of their lives. The rules are attributed to the Buddha himself, and an old commentary, incorporated into the text, gives accounts of the occasions on which the rules were formulated. A certain amount of historical matter is also found regarding the Order, especially in the last two chapters of the Cullavagga.

The Vinaya Pitaka consists of

  1. the Sutta Vibhanga,
  2. the Khandhakas,
  3. the Parivara, and
  4. the Patimokkha.

The first is divided into

  1. Parajika and
  2. Pacittiya

and the second into

  1. Mahavagga and
  2. Cullavagga.
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

First section of the Pali Canon.

The rules of discipline for monks and nuns of the Sangha (the order).

Source: Dhamma Study: Introduction to the Dhamma
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vinayapitaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vinayapiṭaka : (nt.) the code of discipline for the Buddhist monks.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vinaya, (fr. vi+, cp. vineti) 1. driving out, abolishing destruction, removal Vin. I, 3 (asmi-mānassa), 235= III, 3 (akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ vinayāya dhammaṃ desemi); S. I, 40; Sn. 921; A. I, 91 (kodha°, upanāha°); II, 34 (pipāsa°); IV, 15 (icchā°); V, 165 (id.); SnA 12; PvA. 114 (atthassa mūlaṃ nikati°). Often in phrase rāga°, dosa°, moha°, e.g. S. IV, 7 sq.; V, 137 sq. 241; A. IV, 175; Nett 22.—2. rule (in logic), way of saying or judging, sense, terminology (cp. iminā nayena) S. IV, 95 (ariyassa vinaye vuccati loko); A. I, 163 (ariyassa vinaye tevijjo one called a threefold wise in the nomenclature of the Buddhist); II, 166 (ariyassa v.); SnA 403.—3. norm of conduct, ethics, morality, good behaviour Sn. 916, 974; J. IV, 241 (=ācāra-vinaya C.); A. II, 112; III, 353 sq. (ariya-vinaye saddhā yassa patiṭṭhitā etc. faith established in Buddhist ethics).—4. code of ethics, monastic discipline, rule, rules of morality or of canon law. In this sense applied to the large collection of rules which grew up in the monastic life and habits of the bhikkhus and which form the ecclesiastical introduction to the “Dhamma, ” the “doctrine, ” or theoretical, philosophical part of the Buddhist Canon. The history & importance of the Vinaya Piṭaka will be dealt with under the title “Vinaya” in the Dictionary of Names. Only a few refs. must suffice here to give a general idea. See also under Dhamma C. and in detail Geiger, Dhamma pp. 55—58.—Often combd with dhamma: dhammato vinayato ca on the ground of Dh. and V. Vin. I, 337; cp. II. 247.—dhammo ca vinayo ca Vin. I, 356; II, 285, 302; or (as (Dvandva) dhammavinaya (i.e. the teaching of the Buddha in its completeness) D. I, 229; Vin. II, 237 sq.; M. I, 284; II, 181 sq.; A. I, 283; III, 297, 327; S. I, 9; III, 65; Ud. 53; VvA. 3. Often approaches the meaning of “Buddhist order, ” e.g. Vin. I, 69; D. I, 176; M. I, 68, 459, 480; III, 127; S. II, 120; A. I, 185; II, 123; V, 122.—See further Vin. II, 96 (vinaye cheko hoti); A. II, 168 (ayaṃ dhammo, ayaṃ v. idaṃ Satthu-sāsanaṃ); Vism. 522; VbhA. 273; KhA 106, 151; SnA 4, 195, 310.—a-vinaya one who sins against the V. (like a-dhamma one who neglects the Dh.) Vin. II, 295 sq.; III, 174; A. I, 18; V, 73 sq.—The division of the books of the Vinaya is given at DhsA. 18. Its character (as shown by its name) is given in the foll. verse at DhsA. 19: “(vividha-visesa-) nayattā vinayanato c’eva kāya-vācānaṃ vinayy’attha-vidūhi ayaṃ vinayo Vinayo ti akkhāto, ” i.e. “Because it shows precepts & principles, and governs both deed and word, therefore men call this scripture V. for so is V. interpreted” (Expos. I. 23).

—aṭṭhakathā the (old) commentary on the Vinaya Vism. 72, 272; VbhA. 334; KhA 97. —ânuggaha taking up (i.e. following the rules) of the Vinaya Vin. III, 21; A. I, 98, 100; V, 70. —kathā exposition of the Vinaya Vin. IV, 142. —dhara one who knows or masters the V. by heart, an expert in the V. Vin. I, 169; II, 299 (with dhamma-dhara & mātikā-dhara); A. I, 25; II, 147; III, 78 sq. 179, 361; IV, 140 sq.; V, 10 sq.; J. III, 486; IV, 219; Vism. 41, 72; KhA 151; DhA. II, 30 (with dhamma —kathika & dhuta-vāda) (cp. BSk. vinayadhara Divy 21). —piṭaka the V. Piṭaka KhA1 2, 97; VbhA. 431. —vatthu chapter of the V. Vin. II, 307. —vādin one who professes the V. (or “speaking in accordance with the rules of conduct”), a V. -follower D. I, 4 (here expld by Bdhgh as “saṃvara-vinaya-pahāna-vinaya sannissitaṃ katvā vadatī ti” v. DA. I, 76, thus taking it as vinaya 3) =M. III, 49=Pug. 58 (trsln here: “speaking according to self-control”); D. III, 135, 175. (Page 623)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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