Vihina, Vihīna, Vihīnā: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Vihina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vihīnā (विहीना) means “devoid of”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (Whereas) she who is the Mother (of the universe) is the supreme Light seen within the heart. There, in the middle (of the heart) one can see (her), the primordial energy, the Transmental. Devoid of all the principles of existence [i.e., sarvatattva-vihīnā], she is incomparable and without form. Abiding there, in the centre, one can see the goddess (Kuṇḍalinī) whose form is coiled. Kubjikā is that supreme goddess (parā devī), the first (of all things) in the universe. [...] Full of the Three Principles, she has issued forth in countless modalities”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vihīna (विहीन) refers to “without” (i.e., ‘that which is devoid of’), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[The Goddess spoke]:—Tell me, O Maheśvara, how should the Yogin sexually approach the one who is called Māyā, who has neither form/beauty nor a clan/noble family/body? [Bhairava spoke]:—Listen to me, O Goddess, I shall teach you the extraordinary intercourse with Māyā. It is fruitful, O Maheśānī, and difficult to learn by others and Yogins without yogic Powers (siddhi-vihīna), O Suranāyakī”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Vihīna (विहीन) refers to a “lower (class)”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a frog croaks, there is danger of water in the [donor’s?] house. If smoke [is seen], there is distraction of mind. If a person suffering from a disease, a person of a lower [class] (vihīna), a person suffering from leprosy, a deranged person, and a woman are seen, then it causes disease”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vihīna (विहीन) refers to “being deprived (of power)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “[...] If it is otherwise and you neglect the Tathāgata’s authorization and his dignity of speech, then all Nāga residences are ignited and burnt. [...] Let them be deprived of power (balavihīna), and their valour be destroyed. Let them be without water. Let there be the drying up of the residence. Let them have hard bodies. Let them always have the danger of fire-sand and be hungry and thirsty. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vihīna (विहीन) refers to “(being) free from” (creation and destruction), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This cosmos must be thought of as filled with a multitude of objects exceedingly firmly embraced by the maintenance of life, birth and death in the middle of the rings of wind, complete in this world of its own accord, accomplished without a beginning, ancient [and] free from creation and destruction (kṛtivilaya-vihīna). [Thus ends the reflection on] the cosmos”.

Synonyms: Śūnya, Rahita.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vihīna : (pp. of vihāyati) left; lost; decreased.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vihīna, (adj.) (pp. of vijahati) left, given up, abandoned Sdhp. 579. (Page 643)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vihīṇa (विहीण).—f ī or ē (vivāhī S through vyāhī & vyāhīṇa) The mother in law of one's son or daughter. The two mothers are vihīṇa reciprocally to each other and respectively to their child's father in law. Pr. vi0 nāhīṃ jhālī paṇa māṇḍavākhālūna tara gēlī asēla Although we may not have experienced, yet, at least, we may have seen and observed.

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vihīna (विहीन).—a S Destitute or void of; standing or being without; wanting. In comp. as jalavihīna- kūpa, prāṇavihīnadēha, dhanavihīna, annavihīna, jñāna- vihīna, ētadvihīna, tadvihīna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vihīṇa (विहीण).—f The mother-in-law of one's son or daughter.

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vihīna (विहीन).—a Destitute of, wanting: in comp. as vidyāvihīna.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vihīna (विहीन).—p. p.

1) Left, abandoned, forsaken.

2) Devoid of, destitute or deprived of, without (usually in comp.); विद्याविहीनः पशुः (vidyāvihīnaḥ paśuḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.2.

3) Base, low, inferior.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vihīna (विहीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Abandoned, left, deserted. 2. Deprived of. 3. Low, inferior. E. vi before to abandon, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vihīna (विहीन).—[adjective] abandoned, deserted, deprived or destitute of ([instrumental], [ablative], or —°); wanting, missing; low, mean.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vihīna (विहीन):—[=vi-hīna] [from vi-hā] a mfn. entirely abandoned or left etc.

2) [v.s. ...] low, vulgar, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] ([in the beginning of a compound]) wanting, missing, absent, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] destitute or deprived of, free from ([instrumental case] [ablative], or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [=vi-hīna] b etc. See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vihīna (विहीन):—[vi-hīna] (naḥ-nā-naṃ) a. Deprived of.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vihīna (विहीन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vihīṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vihina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vihina (विहिन):——a suffix used to impart a negative sense—without/deprived of/divested of/bereft of; hence ~[] (nf).

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vihīṇa (विहीण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vihīna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vihīna (ವಿಹೀನ):—

1) [adjective] not having; lost; deprived of.

2) [adjective] abandoned; relinquished.

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Vihīna (ವಿಹೀನ):—[noun] a man deprived of or not having something.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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