Vihaya, Vihāya: 11 definitions


Vihaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vīhāya (वीहाय) [=vi-īhā] refers to “one who is without desires” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.11.—Accordingly, as Himavat (Himālaya) eulogised Śiva: “[...] O Śiva, obeisance to the resident of Kailāsa, obeisance to one who wanders all over the worlds, obeisance to thee the great lord, to the one indulging in divine sports, obeisance to the trident-holder. O lord, of complete and perfect qualities, obeisance to Thee, devoid of aberrations. Obeisance to Thee without aspirations. Obeisance to Thee without desires [i.e., vīhāya]. Obeisance to the bold one, to the great soul. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vihāya (विहाय) refers to “having left behind” (it’s impurities), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Just as gold which has been smelted and has left behind (vihāya) its impurities, becomes pure, and water, which is waveless [when] in [a place] without wind, becomes nothing but its own transparent nature, so, this entire world, which has left behind its aspected [nature], shines intensely, aspectless. That is the pure reality, whose essential nature is innate, and certainly [arises] when the no-mind [state] has arisen. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vihāya (विहाय) refers to “disregarding”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he says [words] to the effect that (tad eva) fools (mūrkhāḥ) mourn (śocanti) [the fact] other people disregard (vihāyānyajanaṃ) the self (ātmānam)]—Fools mourn for relations experiencing the results of their own actions [but] because of the confusion of [their] intelligence [they do] not [mourn for] themselves situated in Yama’s fangs. In this forest that is the cycle of rebirth dwelt in by Yama the serpent-king, the men of olden times, who were eternal previously, have come to an end”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vihāya : (abs. of vijahati) having abandoned; having forsaken; having left; having given up.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vihāya, is ger. of vijahati (q. v.). (Page 642)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vihāya (विहाय).—ind.

1) At a distance from.

2) More than.

3) Inspite of.

4) With the exception of.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vihāya (विहाय).—Ind. Having left or abandoned. E. vi before to quit, lyap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vihāya (विहाय).—[gerund] leaving behind or out; excluding, notwithstanding ([accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vihāya (विहाय):—[=vi-hāya] [from vi-hāpita > vi-hā] ind. leaving behind id est. at a distance from ([accusative]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] disregarding, overlooking, setting aside = more than ([accusative]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] in spite of, notwithstanding ([accusative]), [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] excepting, with the exception of ([accusative]), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Vihaya (विहय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vihata.

2) Vihāya (विहाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vibhā.

3) Vihāya (विहाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vighāta.

4) Vihāya (विहाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vibhāta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vihāya (ವಿಹಾಯ):—

1) [noun] the sky.

2) [noun] any bird which moves in the sky.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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