Vibhasha, Vibhāṣā, Vibhāsa, Vibhasa, Vibhāsā, Vibasa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Vibhasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vibhāṣā can be transliterated into English as Vibhasa or Vibhasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—Optionally, alternatively; the word is explained by Pāṇini as नवा (navā) in the rule न वेति विभाषा (na veti vibhāṣā) (P.I.1.44)in consonance with its derivation from the root भाष् (bhāṣ) with वि (vi); cf. नेति प्रतिषेधे वेति विकल्पस्तयोः प्रतिषेधविकल्पयो-र्विभाषेत्ति संज्ञा भवति । विभाषाप्रदेशेषु प्रतिषेधवि-कल्पावुपतिष्ठते । तत्र प्रतिषेधेन समीकृते विषये प्रश्चाद्विकल्पः प्रवर्तते (neti pratiṣedhe veti vikalpastayoḥ pratiṣedhavikalpayo-rvibhāṣetti saṃjñā bhavati | vibhāṣāpradeśeṣu pratiṣedhavi-kalpāvupatiṣṭhate | tatra pratiṣedhena samīkṛte viṣaye praścādvikalpaḥ pravartate). The option (विभाषा (vibhāṣā)) is further divided into three kind प्राप्ते विभाषा, अप्राप्ते विभाषा (prāpte vibhāṣā, aprāpte vibhāṣā) and उभयत्र विभाषा (ubhayatra vibhāṣā). For details see Mahābhāṣya on P. I.1.44.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vibhasha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vibhāsa (विभास).—A Yāmadeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 6.

1b) A Vaṃśavartin god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 30.

1c) One of the twenty Amitābha gaṇas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 16.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vibhasha in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Vibhāsā (विभासा) in Prakrit (or Vibhāṣā in Sanskrit) refers to a “detailed account, with the appropriate variations”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Note: The word [vibhāsā/vibhāṣā] is used when the author interrupts the story, assuming the sequence known. See Balbir in Jain Studies in Honor of Joseph Deleu 1993 p. 67-84.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vibhāṣā is a term meaning 'compendium', 'treatise' or simply 'explanation', derived from vi + √bhaṣ, 'to speak' or 'to explain'.

Also see: Mahāvibhāṣa;

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा) is the name of a commentary on the Aṣṭagrantha (or Jñānaprasthāna), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] Finally a Brahmin monk named Kātyāyana, wise and of keen faculties (tīkṣnendriya), completely recited the three Baskets (tripiṭaka), the inner and outer texts (ādhyātmika-bahya-sūtra). Wishing to explain the words of the Buddha, he compiled the jñānaprasthānāṣṭagrantha. The first chapter (skandhaka) deals with the supreme worldly Dharmas (laukikāgradharma). Subsequently, his disciples made from it a vibhāṣā for people of ages to come who could not completely understand the Aṣṭagrantha (or Jñānaprasthāna)”.

Note: According to some sources, the Vibhāṣā was compiled in the course of a council held under Kaniṣka in the monastery of Kuvana near Jālandhara or at the vihāra of Kuṇḍalavana in Kaśmir. [...] In any case, if a Vibhāṣā was composed under Kaniṣka to serve as commentary for the Jñānaprasthāna of Kātyāyana, it is certainly different from the Mahāvibhāṣā in 200 rolls which has come down to us in the Chinese translation of Hiuan tsang (T 1545). The latter, in effect, tells a story of a eunuch and bulls that came, it says, “in the past”, under Kaniṣka.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—f S An alternative.

--- OR ---

vibhāsa (विभास).—m S A Rag or musical mode. See rāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vibhaṣa (विभष).—m Grandeur, glory, majesty.

--- OR ---

vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—f Alternative.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—

1) An option, alternative.

2) Optionality of a rule.

--- OR ---

Vibhāsā (विभासा).—Light, lustre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—(compare AMg. vibhāsā, ‘relating some broad meanings out of the innumerable meanings of a sūtra,’ Rat- nach.), extensive commentary: Mahāvyutpatti 7568 = Tibetan bye brag tu bśad pa, or, smra ba, explanation in detail; referred to in Chin. Buddhist sources, [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—f. or Ind.

(-ṣā) Alternative, either of two ways. E. vi alternative, and bhāṣā speech.

--- OR ---

Vibhāsā (विभासा).—f.

(-sā) Light, shining. E. vi before, bhās to be luminous, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा).—[feminine] alternative, option ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibhāṣā (विभाषा):—[=vi-bhāṣā] [from vi] 1. vi-bhāṣā f. (for 2. See vi-√bhāṣ) a class of Prākṛt languages, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) a great Commentary.

4) [=vi-bhāṣā] [from vi-bhāṣ] 2. vi-bhāṣā f. (for 1. See p. 951, col. 3) an alternative, option, optionality (vi-bhāṣayā, optionally), one of two ways (cf. vi-kalpa), [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya]

5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) the allowing a rule to be optional (of two kinds, viz. prāpta-v or prāpte v, an option allowed in a [particular] operation which another rule makes necessary; aprāpta-v or aprāpte v, an option allowed in a [particular] operation which another rule makes impossible), [Pāṇini 1-1, 44 etc.]

6) Vibhāsa (विभास):—[=vi-bhāsa] [from vi-bhās] m. Name of one of the 7 suns, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] Rāga, [Vāsavadattā; Gīta-govinda]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) Vibhāsā (विभासा):—[=vi-bhāsā] [from vi-bhāsa > vi-bhās] f. shining brightly, light, lustre, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibhāṣā (विभाषा):—[vi-bhāṣā] (ṣā) 1. f. Alternative.

2) Vibhāsā (विभासा):—[vi-bhāsā] (sā) 1. f. A shining.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vibhāsā (विभासा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vibhāsā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vibhasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vibhasha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vibhāṣā (विभाषा):—(nf) a sublanguage; dialect.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Vibhāsa (विभास) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vibhāṣ.

2) Vibhāsā (विभासा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Vibhāsā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vibāsa (ವಿಬಾಸ):—[noun] brightness; splendour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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