Vibhanga, Vibhaṅga, Vibhamga: 17 definitions


Vibhanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. It is also known as Vibhaṅgaka. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The collective name for two closely connected works of the Vinaya Pitaka, which, in manuscripts, are generally called Parajika and Pacittiya.

The collection is considered to be an extensive treatise on the Patimokkha rules, giving the occasion for the formulating of each rule, with some explanation or illustration of various terms employed in the wording of the rule. The rule is sometimes further illustrated by reference to cases which come within it and to others which form exceptions to it.

The collection is also called Sutta Vibhanga and is divided into two parts:

the Bhikkhu Vibhanga the Bhikkhuni Vibhanga.

Source: Dhamma Study: Introduction to the Dhamma

Second book of the Abhidhamma.

The book of treatises of all phenomena.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग) refers to “(point of) distinctions”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]—[...] (4). The Buddha has no notion of variety.—He has no notion of variety. The Buddha has no point of distinctions (vibhaṅga) among beings; he makes no difference between those who are far away and those who are close; he does not say: This one is noble and I can speak to him; that one is lowly and I must not speak to him. Just as the sun lights up everything, so the Buddha with the rays of his great compassion has pity for all and saves all alike. Whether one honors him or does not honor him, whether it concerns enemies or relatives, noblemen or scoundrels, all are alike to him. See for example this stranger, the dung-sweeper called Nītha: the Buddha converted him and he became a great Arhat. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vibhanga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vibhaṅga : (m.) distribution; division; classification.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga, (vi+bhaṅga, of bhaj1) distribution, division, distinction, classification Vin. I, 359; Sn. 600 (jāti° classification of species; explained as jāti-vitthāra at SnA 464); J. IV, 361 (+vicaya; C. explains as vibhāga); Mhvs 30, 87 (dhātu° distribution of relics); SnA 422 (contrasted with uddesa).—Vibhaṅga is the title of the second book of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka (see Pāli Name Dictionary). Cp. Sutta-vibhaṅga. (Page 629)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—

1) Breaking, fracture.

2) Stopping, obstruction, stoppage; तृष्णास्रोतोविभङ्गः (tṛṣṇāsrotovibhaṅgaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.26.

3) Bending, contraction (as of the eyebrows); भ्रूविभङ्गकुटिलं च वीक्षितम् (bhrūvibhaṅgakuṭilaṃ ca vīkṣitam) R.19.17.

4) A fold, wrinkle; वलीविभङ्गचतुरं स्तनभारविनामितम् (valīvibhaṅgacaturaṃ stanabhāravināmitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.14.22.

5) A step, stair; शिला- विभङ्गैर्मृगराजशावस्तुङ्गं नगोत्सङ्गमिवारुरोह (śilā- vibhaṅgairmṛgarājaśāvastuṅgaṃ nagotsaṅgamivāruroha) R.6.3.

6) Breaking out, manifestation; विविधविकारविभङ्गम् (vividhavikāravibhaṅgam) Gītagovinda 11

7) Division; मसारगल्वर्कमयैर्विभङ्गैर्विभूषितं हेमनिबद्धचक्रम् (masāragalvarkamayairvibhaṅgairvibhūṣitaṃ hemanibaddhacakram) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12. 46.33.

8) A wave.

Derivable forms: vibhaṅgaḥ (विभङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—m. (= Pali id.; consult Childers), (1) dis- tribution, classification: °ga eṣāṃ (categories stated just before) yathāsūtram eva veditavyaḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 25.4; see also Karma-vi°; (2) explanation, commentary: Cakravarti- sūtra-vibhaṅga Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 102.1; probably in this meaning Vinaya- vi°, q.v.; Vibhaṅge Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.29.6 probably = this.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Breaking, fracture. 2. Division. 3. Bending, contracting, (especially of the eye-brows.) 4. Expression or play of features. 5. Obstruction, stoppage. E. vi, bhaji to break, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—i. e. vi-bhañj + a, m. 1. Breaking. 2. Fracture. 3. Stopping, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 60. 4. Bending, contracting (especially of the eyebrows). 5. Expression of features. 6. Division.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—[masculine] bending, contracting (of the eye-brows); incision, furrow; interruption, disturbance, frustration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग):—[=vi-bhaṅga] [from vi-bhañj] m. bending, contraction ([especially] of the eyebrows), [Raghuvaṃśa; Vāsavadattā]

2) [v.s. ...] a furrow, wrinkle, [Mahābhārata; Vāsavadattā; Gīta-govinda]

3) [v.s. ...] interruption, stoppage, frustration, disturbance, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] fraud, deception, [Vāsavadattā]

5) [v.s. ...] a wave, [Vāsavadattā]

6) [v.s. ...] breaking, fracture, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] division, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a class of Buddhist works, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 64 n. 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग):—[vi-bhaṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. Breaking; bending; division; expression of the countenance.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vibhaṃga, Vihaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vibhanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vibhaṃga (विभंग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vibhaṅga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vibhaṃga (ವಿಭಂಗ):—[adjective] broken; shattered.

--- OR ---

Vibhaṃga (ವಿಭಂಗ):—

1) [noun] a breaking or being broken.

2) [noun] the act of obstructing, blocking up (another’s way, course of progress, etc.).

3) [noun] the act of contracting onself or shrinking.

4) [noun] a folded layer; a fold.

5) [noun] a stair in a staircase; a rest for the foot in climbing.

6) [noun] a part or portion; a division.

7) [noun] a man who breaks or has broken; a breaker.

8) [noun] (jain.) false knowledge or that which deprives one of the real knowledge.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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