Vibhanga, aka: Vibhaṅga; 6 Definition(s)


Vibhanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. It is also known as Vibhaṅgaka. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The collective name for two closely connected works of the Vinaya Pitaka, which, in manuscripts, are generally called Parajika and Pacittiya.

The collection is considered to be an extensive treatise on the Patimokkha rules, giving the occasion for the formulating of each rule, with some explanation or illustration of various terms employed in the wording of the rule. The rule is sometimes further illustrated by reference to cases which come within it and to others which form exceptions to it.

The collection is also called Sutta Vibhanga and is divided into two parts:

the Bhikkhu Vibhanga the Bhikkhuni Vibhanga.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Second book of the Abhidhamma.

The book of treatises of all phenomena.

(Source): Dhamma Study: Introduction to the Dhamma
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

vibhaṅga : (m.) distribution; division; classification.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vibhaṅga, (vi+bhaṅga, of bhaj1) distribution, division, distinction, classification Vin. I, 359; Sn. 600 (jāti° classification of species; expld as jāti-vitthāra at SnA 464); J. IV, 361 (+vicaya; C. expls as vibhāga); Mhvs 30, 87 (dhātu° distribution of relics); SnA 422 (contrasted with uddesa).—Vibhaṅga is the title of the second book of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka (see Pāli Name Dictionary). Cp. Sutta-vibhaṅga. (Page 629)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vibhaṅga (विभङ्ग).—

1) Breaking, fracture.

2) Stopping, obstruction, stoppage; तृष्णास्रोतोविभङ्गः (tṛṣṇāsrotovibhaṅgaḥ) Bh.2.26.

3) Bending, contraction (as of the eyebrows); भ्रूविभङ्गकुटिलं च वीक्षितम् (bhrūvibhaṅgakuṭilaṃ ca vīkṣitam) R.19.17.

4) A fold, wrinkle; वलीविभङ्गचतुरं स्तनभारविनामितम् (valīvibhaṅgacaturaṃ stanabhāravināmitam) Mb.4.14.22.

5) A step, stair; शिला- विभङ्गैर्मृगराजशावस्तुङ्गं नगोत्सङ्गमिवारुरोह (śilā- vibhaṅgairmṛgarājaśāvastuṅgaṃ nagotsaṅgamivāruroha) R.6.3.

6) Breaking out, manifestation; विविधविकारविभङ्गम् (vividhavikāravibhaṅgam) Gīt.11

7) Division; मसारगल्वर्कमयैर्विभङ्गैर्विभूषितं हेमनिबद्धचक्रम् (masāragalvarkamayairvibhaṅgairvibhūṣitaṃ hemanibaddhacakram) Mb.12. 46.33.

8) A wave.

Derivable forms: vibhaṅgaḥ (विभङ्गः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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