Vaibhashika, Vaibhāṣika: 13 definitions


Vaibhashika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaibhāṣika can be transliterated into English as Vaibhasika or Vaibhashika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Vaibhashika in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक).—Optional, alternative; cf. वेति वैभाषिकः (veti vaibhāṣikaḥ) T. Pr.XXII. 7; see वैकल्पिक (vaikalpika).

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vaibhashika in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक) refers to the “followers of Vibhāṣā”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.133.—Accordingly, “Having thus  refuted the external [object as it is] understood by the followers of Kaṇāda, [Utpaladeva now] refutes as well [the external object as it is] explained by the Vaibhāṣikas [i.e., vaibhāṣika-paribhāṣita] [in the sentence beginning with] ‘If, on the other hand’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vaibhashika in Buddhism glossary
Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

A Hinayana school of the reality of all phenomena. It is said that there were four branches of the Vaibhasika school, so called after the Vaibhasika Shastra. 1. Sthavirah 2. Sarvastivadah 3. Vatsiputriyah 4. Mahasanghika The school adhered primarily to two Sarvastivadin texts, the Jnanaprasthana and Abhidharmavibbasa shastra.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

The Vaibhāṣika was an early Buddhist subschool formed by adherents of the Mahāvibhāṣa Śāstra, comprising the orthodox Kasmiri branch of the Sarvāstivāda school. The Vaibhāṣika-Sarvāstivāda, which had by far the most "comprehensive edifice of doctrinal systematics" of the early Buddhist schools, was widely influential in India and beyond.

Source: The Berzin Archives: Buddhism

A Hinayana school of Indian Buddhism that does not assert reflexive awareness and does assert external phenomena; a subdivision of the Sarvastivada school of Hinayana. One of the four Indian Buddhist tenet systems studied by all traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.

In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक) refers to one of the four schools of Buddhism, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 80, l 10]—Vaibhāṣika (or Āryasamitīya or Sarvāstivāda) is the name of one of the four schools of Buddhism, the other three being (i) Sautrāntika, (ii) Yogācāra or Vijñānavāda and (iii) Śūnyavāda or Mādhyamikavāda or Nairātmyavāda. The Vaibhāṣika school is so called as it attaches a very great importance to vibhāṣā, the commentary on Abhidhamma-piṭaka. It admits the existence of the past, present and future. It considers both knowledge (jñāna) and objects of knowledge (jñeya) as real. It believes in the existence of the external objects as perceived by the pratyakṣa-pramāṇa. In short, according to this school all is real, and that shows the significance of its designation as ‘Sarvāstivāda’. Further, this school believes that every thing lasts for four kṣaṇas origination, duration, old age and death Even ātman named as pudgala, lasts for four kṣaṇas. Further, knowledge is formless, and it originates along with the object from the same material.

The literature of the Vaibhāṣikas is available today in the Chinese language. It comprises Jñānaprasthānaśāstra (also known as Mahāvibhāṣā) of Kātyāyanīputra, Dharmaskandha of Sārīputra, Dhatukāya of Pūrṇa, Prajñaptiśāstra of Maudgalayana and Vijñānakāya of Devakṣema.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaibhashika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक).—a. (- f.) Optional.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक).—an adherent of the Buddhist school of this name: Mahāvyutpatti 5148.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक).—f. (-kī) Optional.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक).—[adjective] optional, arbitrary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaibhāṣika (वैभाषिक):—mfn. ([from] vi-bhāṣā) optional, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

2) m. a follower of the Vibhāṣā, Name of a [particular] Buddhist school, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 157 etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaibhashika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaibhashika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaibhāṣika (ವೈಭಾಷಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a particular Buddhist school.

2) [noun] (masc.) an adherent or follower of this school.

3) [noun] one of the old Indian atheistic philosophies.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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