Dhyani, Dhyāni, Dhyānī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Dhyani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Dhyāni (ध्यानि) refers to the “five Dhyāni Buddhas”, representing the five Skandhas (cosmic elements) of which the world is composed, according to Vajrayāna or Tibetan Buddhism.—It is in the Guhyasamāja that the idea of a pantheon, rationally classified, is properly and systematically crystallised. Here for the first time are found the descriptions of the five Dhyāni Buddhas, their mantras, their Maṇḍalas and their Śaktis or female counterparts. These Dhyāni Buddhas represent the five Skandhas or the five cosmic elements of which the world is composed. They are here described as the progenitors of the five Kulas or families of gods and goddesses.

The five Dhyāni Buddhas are the corner stones of Buddhist Iconography on which the whole edifice of the Buddhist pantheon is erected. The five Dhyāni Buddhas are the progenitors of the five Kulas or families of deities, and the community worshipping them were known as the Kaulas, and the process of worship was called Kulācāra or family conduct. These Dhyāni Buddhas further split themselves up in the form of Bodhisattva and their female principles who are responsible for creating everything found in existence. The forms of deities are nothing but the gross forms of the different sounds, and thus the connection of the mantra with the deity is established.

The five/six Dhyāni Buddhas (and Spiritual consort—Offspring):

  1. Amitābha (Pāṇḍarā—Padmapāṇi),
  2. Akṣobhya (Māmakī—Vajrapāṇi),
  3. Vairocana (Locanā—Samantabhadra),
  4. Amoghasiddhi (Tārā—Viśvapāṇi),
  5. Ratnasambhava (Vajradhātviśvarī—Ratnapāṇi),
  6. Vajrasattva (Vajrasattvātmikā—Ghaṇṭāpāṇi)

The Dhyāni Buddhas are a peculiar kind of Buddhas who are not required to pass through the stage of a Bodhisatta. They were never anything less than a Buddha. They are always engaged in peaceful meditation, and they voluntarily abstain themselves from the act of creation. To create is the work of their emanations, the Divine Bodhisattvas.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhyānī (ध्यानी).—a (S) Meditative, reflective, contemplative; esp. that engages in profound and abstract contemplation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhyāni (ध्यानि).—(°-) [ (buddha, -bodhisattva), produced by medi- tation (trance): Burnouf, Introd. 117 and Lotus 400; Müller on Dharmasaṃgraha 3, where five such Buddhas are listed. I have failed to note any actual occurrence in my texts. P. Mus calls them ‘transcendent’ Buddhas in his searching study cited s.v. Buddha, end.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhyāni (ध्यानि):—[from dhyai] in [compound] for nin.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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