Utthapana, aka: Uṭṭhapana, Utthāpana; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Utthapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Utthapana in Rasashastra glossaries]

Utthāpana (उत्थापन):—Fourth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Utthāpana-saṃskāra is commonly used for Dravya-karma and Rasāyana-karma, but also to remove various types of rasa-doṣa (mercury impurities). In other words: the first eight saṃskāras are sequentially used to purify and detoxify mercury in preparation for internal use. Utthāpana refers to the process of the ‘resurrection’ of swooned mercury, effected by steaming it with alkalis, salts and plant matter, and by rubbing it in exposure to sunlight, by means of which it recovers the brilliance and other physical properties it had lost through the process of Mūrcchana.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Utthāpana is the “resurrection” of swooned mercury, effected by streaming it with alkalis, salts, and plant matter and by rubbing it in the open air. Through “resurrection,” mercury recovers the brilliance, etc. it had lost through mūrcchana.

(Source): Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Utthāpana (उत्थापन, “revival”) refers to “revival of form” and represents to the fourth of eighteen alchemical purification processes of mercury (mahārasa, rasendra or pārada). A religio-philosophic base was given to mercury-based alchemy in India. Mercury was looked upon as the essence of God Śiva, and sulphur as that of Goddess Pārvatī.

Mercury had to undergo 18 processes (eg., utthāpana) before it could be used for transforming either metals or the human body. A combination of male and female principles (i.e. mercury and sulphur) forming cinnabar or mercuric sulphide or even of mercury and mica, was supposed to be highly potent and was therefore consumed as a Rasāyana or medicine for increasing body fluids or vitality. The earliest mention of Rasāyana was found in Āyurveda which was probably composed by 8th or 9th century BC, since it was a part of Atharvaveda, the last of the four Vedas.

(Source): archive.org: History of Indian Science Technology (rasashastra)

Utthāpana (उत्थापन):—The fourth of the eight purification steps of Pārada (mercury), also known as the Aṣṭasaṃskāra.—Collect the Pārada at the end of Mūrchana process and subject it to Utthāpana, and wash with Kāñjika and collect the Pārada carefully. (see the Rasahṛdayatantra 2.7: a 10th-century Sanskrit alchemical treatise by Govinda Bhagavatpāda).

Ingredients:

  1. Pārada [Mercury] (1 part),
  2. Kāñjika (Quantum satis).
(Source): CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Utthapana in Natyashastra glossaries]

Utthāpana (उत्थापन, “raising”) refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “the reciters of the Benediction start (lit. raise) first of all in the stage the performance [of the play]; hence the utthāpana is considered by some to be the beginning [of the performance].”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Utthapana in Pali glossaries]

Uṭṭhapana, see vo°. (Page 129)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Utthapana in Marathi glossaries]

utthāpana (उत्थापन).—n (S) Raising, establishing, erecting, setting up, lit. fig. 2 Rising to receive a visitor. v dē, ghē. 3 fig. Removing (from an office). 4 In arithmetic. Substitution.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utthāpana (उत्थापन).—n Raising. Rising to receive a visitor.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Utthapana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Utthāpana (उत्थापन).—1 Causing to rise, come up, or get up.

2) Raising, elevating.

3) Causing to leave (a house).

4) Exciting, instigating.

5) Awakening, rousing (fig. also).

6) Vomiting.

7) Finishing, completing.

8) Bringing about.

9) Bringing forth.

1) (In Math.) Finding the quantity sought, an answer to the question, substitution of a value (Colebr.).

-nī The concluding verse (ṛc).

Derivable forms: utthāpanam (उत्थापनम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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