Upadha, aka: Upadhā, Upādhā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Upadhā (उपधा).—One of the technical terms which have been used in the uṇādi-sūtras;—Upadhā means the penultimate letter of a word. It is not altogether a new term in the uṇādi-sūtras. In the same sense Yāska uses it in the Nirukta. Pāṇini defines it in the sūtra ‘alo’ntyāt purva upadhā’ which means the last but one letter. The term in the sense of a penult has been used in a bout eight uṇādi-sūtras.

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Upadhā (उपधा).—Penultimate letter, as defined in the rule अलोन्त्यात्पूर्वं उपघा (alontyātpūrvaṃ upaghā) P. I. 1.65, e.g. see ह्रस्वोपध, दीर्घोपध, लघूपध, अकारोपध (hrasvopadha, dīrghopadha, laghūpadha, akāropadha) etc.; lit. उपधीयते निधीयते सा (upadhīyate nidhīyate sā) that which is placed near the last letter.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Upa-dhā.—(CII 1), cf. hīta-sukham=upadadhyuḥ; to bring [welfare and happiness to the people]. Note: upa-dhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

upādha (उपाध).—f (upādhi S) A mischievous, annoying, disquieting (person, affair, occurrence); a bore or pest; an encumbrance or a clog; a wearisome sickness; a vexatious dispute; a trouble, scrape, difficulty, predicament.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upādha (उपाध).—f A mischievous, annoying, dis- quieting (person, affair, occurrence), a bore or pest. A trouble.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadhā (उपधा).—3 U.

1) To place or lay upon, place under or in; अधिजानु बाहुमुपधाय (adhijānu bāhumupadhāya) Śi.9.54; उपहितं शिशिरापगमश्रिया मुकुलजालमशोभत किंशुके (upahitaṃ śiśirāpagamaśriyā mukulajālamaśobhata kiṃśuke) R.9.31; Bk.15.47; Ku.1.44; हृदि चैनामुपधातुमर्हसि (hṛdi caināmupadhātumarhasi) R.8.77 treasure up-lay to heart; Ms.4.54; उपहितसूक्ष्मग्रन्थिना (upahitasūkṣmagranthinā) Ś.1.19.

2) To place, lay; वामहस्तोपहितवदना (vāmahastopahitavadanā) Ś.4 resting on.

3) (a) To place near; अक्ष्णोर्मुखेन्दुमुपधेहि (akṣṇormukhendumupadhehi) Mv.4.56. (b) To put to or yoke (as a horse to a carriage &c.); उप त्मनि दधानो धुर्याशून् (upa tmani dadhāno dhuryāśūn).

4) To cause, bring on or produce; नरः कृतान्तोपहितां (naraḥ kṛtāntopahitāṃ) (daśāṃ) प्रपद्यते (prapadyate) Mk.1.53.

5) To impose, entrust with, charge with (as a duty); तदुपहितकुटुम्बः (tadupahitakuṭumbaḥ) R.7.71.

6) To lay a command upon, enjoin, instruct in (with acc.); स्त्रीषु नृत्यमुपधाय शिक्षयन् (strīṣu nṛtyamupadhāya śikṣayan) R.19.36.

7) To lie down upon, use as a pillow; उपधाय वामभुजमशयिषि (upadhāya vāmabhujamaśayiṣi) Dk.111.

8) To apply, employ, lay or bestow upon, क्रिया हि वस्तूपहिता प्रसीदति (kriyā hi vastūpahitā prasīdati) R.3.29.

9) To place over, cover, conceal.

1) To add, place in addition.

11) To communicate, impart, give, bestow; उपहितशोभा (upahitaśobhā) Bk.2.55.

12) To locate; एतदुपहितं चैतन्यम् (etadupahitaṃ caitanyam) Vedānta S.

13) (In gram.) To precede without the intervention of another syllable.

14) To deceive (vañc); स्वयं चापहृता भृत्या ये चाप्युपहिताः परैः (svayaṃ cāpahṛtā bhṛtyā ye cāpyupahitāḥ paraiḥ) Mb.12.111.77.

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Upadhā (उपधा).—

1) Imposition, forgery, fraud, deceit, trick, pretence; उपधाभिश्च यः कश्चित्परद्रव्यं हरेन्नरः (upadhābhiśca yaḥ kaścitparadravyaṃ harennaraḥ) Ms.8.193.

2) Trial or test of honesty, (bhedopajāpau upadhā dharmādyairyatparī- kṣaṇam); (said to be of 4 kinds:1 loyalty, 2 disinterestedness, 3 continence, 4 courage i. e. dharmopadhā Religious allurement, arthopadhā Monetary allurement, kāmopadhā Love allurement, bhayopadhā Allurement under the pressure of fear. 'bhiyā dharmārthakāmaiśca parīkṣā yā tu sopadhā' ityabhidhāna- cintāmaṇiḥ); (śodhayet) धर्मोपधाभिर्विप्रांश्च सर्वाभिः सचिवान् पुनः (dharmopadhābhirviprāṃśca sarvābhiḥ sacivān punaḥ) Kālikā P. उपधाभिः शौचाशौचज्ञानममात्यानाम् (upadhābhiḥ śaucāśaucajñānamamātyānām) | Kau. A.1.1; अमात्यानुपधातीनान् (amātyānupadhātīnān) Mb.15.5.14.

3) A means or expedient; अयशोभिदुरा लोके कोपधा महणादृते (ayaśobhidurā loke kopadhā mahaṇādṛte) Śi.19.58.

4) (In gram.) A penultimate letter (antyādvarṇātpūrvaṃ upadhā). अलोन्त्यात् पूर्व उपधा (alontyāt pūrva upadhā) P.I.1.65.

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Upādhā (उपाधा).—3 U.

1) To place near or upon.

2) To offer, give, impart. अपि नः स्वर्गतिं सूक्ष्मामुपाधास्यदधीश्वरः (api naḥ svargatiṃ sūkṣmāmupādhāsyadadhīśvaraḥ) Bhāg. 1.28.11.

3) To put on, wear.

2) To create, cause, produce; कोपोपाहितबाष्प (kopopāhitabāṣpa) Bh.3.85; Gīt.1.

5) To render, make, effect.

6) To keep, hold.

7) To seduce (a woman); Rām.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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