Upakarma: 6 definitions


Upakarma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upakarm.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Upākarma (उपाकर्म) refers to the “annual ritual of taking up of studies” and represents one of the eighteen bodily rituals (śārīraka-saṃskāras) mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Of these, the first three chapters dealing with the bodily rituals [viz., Upākarma].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: South Indian Festivities

The Upakarma religious ceiemony is performed by the Hindus following the Yajurveda in tlie month of Sravana, called in Tamil Avani, corresponding to the English month August-September on the full-moon day if it happensto be free from defects. If the full-moon day in Avani is not free from defects, then the full-moon day in the month of Purattasi (September-October) is selected. If even that day be wanting in purity for the purpose then the full-moon day in the month of Adi (July-August) is selected.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Upakarma refers to one of the festivals of the Nambutiris. Upakarma refers to the regular day for putting on a new sacred thread, after having cleansed away the sins of the year through the prayaschittam, in which ceremony the five sacred products of the cow (milk, curds, ghi, urine, and dung) are partaken of. It is done on the 15th of Sravana. The Nambutiri people form the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar, and, as the traditional landlords of Parasu Rama’s land, they are everywhere held in great reverence.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upākarma (उपाकर्म).—n The annual ceremony of renewing the sacrificial or the characteristic thread.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upakarma in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Upākarma (उपाकर्म) [Also spelled upakarm]:—(nm) a ritual performed on purnima: in the month of Shravan as a pre-requisite to the commencement of the recitation of the Vedas.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upākarma (ಉಪಾಕರ್ಮ):—

1) [noun] a starting or commencing; a beginning; commencement.

2) [noun] a ceremony performed before initiating to the study of the Vedas; now, chiefly, the ceremony of investing a boy with sacred thread.

3) [noun] a festival of renewing the sacred thread, in Śrāvaṇa, the fifth month of Hindulunar calendar.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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