Unchavritti, Uñchavṛtti, Uncha-vritti, Umchavritti: 14 definitions
Unchavritti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Uñchavṛtti can be transliterated into English as Unchavrtti or Unchavritti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Unchhavritti.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—A brahmin. His story is told as follows in Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva.
This poor brahmin who lived by begging got one day some food grain powder. After offering a portion of it to Agni and Brahmins, he divided the balance equally between the children. Then he sat down to take his own food when Dharmadeva, disguised as a brahmin, appeared and demanded food. Uñchavṛtti gave all his food to the guest. Since that did not satisfy the guest, the sons also gave their shares of the food to him. Greatly pleased at the noble act of Uñchavṛtti, Dharmadeva took the brahmin family with him to Svargaloka. One day a few particles of the foodgrain powder which remained with the brahmin fell on the earth. A mongoose came and played on that ground. That part of his body which got smeared with the food-grain powder became golden in colour. Though the mongoose went to the yajña ground of Dharmadeva and repeated the above process there, the remaining portion of its body did not become golden.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—Attained permanent fame.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति) refers to “those who live by gleaning corn”. When disputes arise regarding the boundaries of villeges, and in the absence of original inhabitants of neighbouring villages, the King may choose these ‘gleaners’ to act as witnesses. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.260)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Unchhavritti (उन्छवृत्ती): The life of a mendicant, begging his food.
India history and geography
Uñcha-vṛtti.—(EI 24), a gleaner of corn. Note: uñcha-vṛtti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—a. one who lives by gleaning grains, a gleaner.
Uñchavṛtti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uñcha and vṛtti (वृत्ति). See also (synonyms): uñchavartin, uñchaśīla.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—mfn. (-ttiḥ-ttiḥ-tti) A gleaner, one who lives by gleaning. E. uñcha and vṛtti practice.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—m. a gleaner, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 260.
Uñchavṛtti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uñcha and vṛtti (वृत्ति).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—[adjective] who lives by gleaning; [masculine] a gleaner.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति):—[=uñcha-vṛtti] [from uñcha > uñch] mfn. one who lives by gleaning, a gleaner, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति):—[uñcha-vṛtti] (ttiḥ-ttiḥ-tti) a. Idem.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Uṃchavṛtti (ಉಂಛವೃತ್ತಿ):—[noun] the profession of or living by, gleaning grains in agricultural field; hence, living by begging; mendicancy.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Vritti, Uncha.
Full-text: Unchavartin, Unchashila.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Unchavritti, Uñchavṛtti, Unchavrtti, Uncha-vritti, Uñcha-vṛtti, Uncha-vrtti, Umchavritti, Uṃchavṛtti, Umchavrtti; (plurals include: Unchavrittis, Uñchavṛttis, Unchavrttis, vrittis, vṛttis, vrttis, Umchavrittis, Uṃchavṛttis, Umchavrttis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XCVI - Origin of mixed castes < [Agastya Samhita]
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Chapter 15 - Qualification, time and place for devayajña, etc. < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 4 - King Jarasandha Slain < [Sabha Parva]
Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita (by Nayana Sharma)
Class and Gender (Introduction) < [Chapter 5]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]