Unchavritti, Uñchavṛtti, Uncha-vritti: 11 definitions


Unchavritti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Uñchavṛtti can be transliterated into English as Unchavrtti or Unchavritti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Unchhavritti.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (U) next»] — Unchavritti in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—A brahmin. His story is told as follows in Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva.

This poor brahmin who lived by begging got one day some food grain powder. After offering a portion of it to Agni and Brahmins, he divided the balance equally between the children. Then he sat down to take his own food when Dharmadeva, disguised as a brahmin, appeared and demanded food. Uñchavṛtti gave all his food to the guest. Since that did not satisfy the guest, the sons also gave their shares of the food to him. Greatly pleased at the noble act of Uñchavṛtti, Dharmadeva took the brahmin family with him to Svargaloka. One day a few particles of the foodgrain powder which remained with the brahmin fell on the earth. A mongoose came and played on that ground. That part of his body which got smeared with the food-grain powder became golden in colour. Though the mongoose went to the yajña ground of Dharmadeva and repeated the above process there, the remaining portion of its body did not become golden.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—Attained permanent fame.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति) refers to “those who live by gleaning corn”. When disputes arise regarding the boundaries of villeges, and in the absence of original inhabitants of neighbouring villages, the King may choose these ‘gleaners’ to act as witnesses. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.260)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (U) next»] — Unchavritti in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Unchhavritti (उन्‍छवृत्ती): The life of a mendicant, begging his food.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Uñcha-vṛtti.—(EI 24), a gleaner of corn. Note: uñcha-vṛtti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Unchavritti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—a. one who lives by gleaning grains, a gleaner.

Uñchavṛtti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uñcha and vṛtti (वृत्ति). See also (synonyms): uñchavartin, uñchaśīla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति).—mfn. (-ttiḥ-ttiḥ-tti) A gleaner, one who lives by gleaning. E. uñcha and vṛtti practice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uñchavṛtti (उञ्छवृत्ति):—[=uñcha-vṛtti] [from uñcha > uñch] mfn. one who lives by gleaning, a gleaner, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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