Uddhara, Uddhāra: 27 definitions


Uddhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Uddhar.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Uddhāra (उद्धार).—Elision, a term used in the sense of 'lopa' in the ancient grammar works;

2) Uddhāra.—Name of a commentary on the Haima-liṅgānuśāsana.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Uddhāra (उद्धार) refers to “extraction (of the earth)” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Uddhāra is mentioned in the Acintyaviśvasādākhya (chapter 14).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Uddhāra (उद्धार):—[uddhāraḥ] Re-affirmation; statements which are reaffirmed after refuting the views of others

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Uddhāra (उद्धार) refers to the “extraction” (of the seed-syllables), according to the commentary on the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “O fair faced one, I will tell (you) about the extraction of the seed-syllables [i.e., bīja-uddhāra] in the grid (of letters) (gahvara). One should make an effort to know that the locations of the sacred seats in the grid (are marked) by the letters located (in the cells of the letters) A Ṛ Ga and Ha, which correspond to (the sacred seats of) KĀ (Kāmarūpa), PŪ (Pūrṇagiri), JĀ (Jālandhara), and O (Oḍiyāna), respectively. [...]”.

2) Uddhara (उद्धर) refers to the “extraction (of mantras)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota (verse 2.4cd-10).—Accordingly, “[The Śrīkula is] accomplished by the Command and, supremely divine, it is adorned with the lineage of the Śrīkrama. [...]  (Along with these things) I will tell you about the practice of the method of the Great Yoga correctly and as it truly is. (I will impart) the teaching concerning the extraction of mantras (mantra-uddhāra-vinirṇaya) and that concerning the Ages (yuga), the aeons of the descent (of the teaching) and the rest (along with that concerning) conduct and Yoga and the characteristic mark of (true) Yoginīs”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Uddhara (उद्धर) (Cf. Samuddhara) refers to “pulling” (“lifting up”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, after Nandīśvara spoke to the Gods: “O sage, on hearing his words, Viṣṇu and other gods, considering that it must be so, eulogised Śiva with pleasure. O great lord, lord of the gods, O ocean of mercy, lift us up from [i.e., sam-uddhara] the great distress. Save us who have sought refuge in you”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Uddhāra (उद्धार) refers to the “excavation (of extraneous substances)”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala).—Accordingly, “Next, I shall, as told before, teach the characteristics of extraneous substances (śalya-lakṣaṇa), which exist beneath the site and cause calamities to people. When the site, which has been made square, is being divided with cords, [the officiant] who has knowledge of divisions of the site should investigate extraneous substances by omens, etc. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Uddhāra (उद्धार) refers to the “elevation” (of the lives of all beings), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[etat puṇyena sarvasattva-prāṇibhyaḥ uddhāra-kāmanārthaṃ ante anuttarāya samyaksambodhi-jñāna-phalaprāpti-kāmanārthaṃ]—By this merit, for the elevation of the lives of all beings, (and) in the end, For the best, the success of the knowledge of complete enlightenment”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Uddhara (उद्धर) refers to “driving out (the stake)” (as part of an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering manual of the root-heart] “[...] The spell-master says, ‘O Nāga, take up the Ten Righteous Actions’. ‘O spell-master, I shall take them up’. ‘O Nāga, receive the Threefold Refuge’. ‘O spell-master, I shall receive. Drive out (uddhara) the stake’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Uddhāra.—(LP), borrowed on trust or credit; cf. udhār. (IE 8-5), same as udraṅga; cf. Tamil uttāra. Note: uddhāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Uddhara [उद्धारा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Tinospora cordifolia from the Menispermaceae (Moonseed) family. For the possible medicinal usage of uddhara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Uddhara in India is the name of a plant defined with Tinospora cordifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Menispermum cordifolium Willd. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Ethnobotany (2004)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1987)
· Nucleus (1989)
· Ethnobotany (2002)
· Fl. Indica (1855)
· Annals and Magazine of Natural History (1851)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Uddhara, for example side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Uddhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

uddhāra : (m.) withdrawal; pulling out.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

uddhāra (उद्धार).—m (S) See uddharaṇa. 2 also uddhāragata f (uddhāra & gati) Rescue or deliverance; esp. emancipation from an inferior form of existence, or exemption from further migration; final salvation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

uddhāra (उद्धार).—m uddhāragata f Rescue; final salva- tion. Regeneration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uddhara (उद्धर) or Uddhāra (उद्धार).—See under उद्धृ (uddhṛ).

--- OR ---

Uddhāra (उद्धार).—1 Drawing out, extraction.

2) Deliverance, redemption, saving, rescuing, extrication.

3) Raising, lifting up.

4) Deduction, a part to be set aside.

5) (In law) A part to be set aside from the paternal property for the benefit of the eldest son; the surplus allowed by law to the eldest beyond the shares of the younger brothers; ज्येष्ठस्य विंश उद्धारः सर्वद्रव्याच्च यद्वरम् (jyeṣṭhasya viṃśa uddhāraḥ sarvadravyācca yadvaram) Manusmṛti 9.112.

6) The sixth part of booty taken in war which belongs to the king; राज्ञश्च दद्युरुद्धारमित्येषा वैदिकी श्रुतिः (rājñaśca dadyuruddhāramityeṣā vaidikī śrutiḥ) Manusmṛti 7.97.

7) An obligation.

8) Debt, particularly such as bears no interest.

9) Recovering property.

1) Marching out.

11) Citing (a passage), quoting.

12) Final beatitude.

13) Prosperity, elevation.

14) Compilation.

15) Leavings of dishes.

-rā The plant गुडूची (guḍūcī).

-ram A fire-place.

Derivable forms: uddhāraḥ (उद्धारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Uddhara (उद्धर).—(m. ? only in composition; to Sanskrit ud with hṛ; also an-uddhara-tā below), neglect, ignoring: Lalitavistara 342.8 (verse) evaṃ hi teṣa bhavate guru-uddharāṇāṃ (so best mss. and ed.), for so it happens to those who ignore (the words of) the Master; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 37.14 na karmakriyoddhareṇa (bhavitav- yam), one must not ignore, neglect…; an-ud° non-neglect, Lalitavistara 432.18 -ānuśāsany-anuddhara-, non-neglect of instruc- tion; in Lalitavistara 440.4 (prose), for ed. anuddhuratayā, read anuddharatayā (anuddhara-tā, abstr.; grāhyavacanatām, sc. pratilapsyate), (he will attain a state of having his words accepted) because (they) will not be ignored, lit. by reason of non-ignored-ness. (Possibly read with some mss. an- uddharaṇa-tayā, which would mean the same.)

--- OR ---

Uddhāra (उद्धार).—(m.?), (1) some branch of mathematics, perhaps subtraction (or debits? accounting of debts, compare 2), in a cliché, list of subjects studied by youths, mudrāyām uddhāre nyāse nikṣepe…Divyāvadāna 3.18; 26.12; 58.17; 100.1; 441.28; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.20.1; seems to be replaced in Mahāvastu by dhāraṇa, °ṇā, q.v.; (2) (= Pali id., and once in Sanskrit, Kāty. Dharmaś., according to Stenzler cited in [Boehtlingk]) debt, in uddhā- rīkṛtam, Divyāvadāna 23.15 kiṃcid ud° has anything been incurred as a debt?; (3) kaṭhinoddhāra (see uddharati; Pali uddhāra and ubbhāra), suspension, cancellation: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.161.14 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uddhāra (उद्धार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Raising, elevating, lifting up. 2. Debt, especially a debt not bearing interest. 3. A portion, a share. 4. A deduction, a part to be set aside. 5. Recovering property. 6. Extracting, quoting. n.

(-raṃ) A fire-place. f.

(-rā) A plant, (Menispermum glabrum); see guḍūcī. E. ut up, dhṛ to have, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uddhara (उद्धर).—i. e. ud-hṛ + a, adj. Pulling out, Mahābhārata 3, 11188.

--- OR ---

Uddhāra (उद्धार).—i. e. ud-hṛ + a, m. 1. Deliverance from. 2. Taking out, separating what ought to be avoided, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 85 (uddhṛtoddhāra, adj. What ought to be avoided being avoided). 3. A selected part, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 97. 4. Debt, [Daśakumāracarita] 111, 12, Wils.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uddhāra (उद्धार).—[masculine] = [preceding] (also uddhāraṇa [neuter]); deduction, deducted or selected portion, additional share ([jurisprudence]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uddhara (उद्धर):—[=ud-dhara] a etc. See 2. ud-dhṛ.

2) Uddhāra (उद्धार):—[=ud-dhāra] a etc. See 2. ud-dhṛ.

3) Uddhara (उद्धर):—[=ud-dhara] [from ud-dhṛ] 1. ud-dhara m. Name of a Rakṣas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. [varia lectio] for ud-dhura q.v., [Mahābhārata iii, 11188.]

5) [v.s. ...] 2. ud-dhara (2. sg. [imperative] forming irregular Tatpuruṣa compounds).

6) Uddhāra (उद्धार):—[=ud-dhāra] [from ud-dhṛ] b m. (in some senses perhaps from 1. ud-√dhṛ), the act of raising, elevating, lifting up

7) [v.s. ...] drawing out, pulling out, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata] [commentator or commentary] on [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad]

8) [v.s. ...] removing, extinction, payment (of a debt)

9) [v.s. ...] taking away, deduction

10) [v.s. ...] omission, [Manu-smṛti] [commentator or commentary] on [Yājñavalkya]

11) [v.s. ...] selection, a part to be set aside, selected part

12) [v.s. ...] exception, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] selecting (a passage), selection, extract (of a book) [commentator or commentary] on [Kirātārjunīya x, 10]

14) [v.s. ...] extraction, deliverance, redemption, extrication, [Mahābhārata; Prabodha-candrodaya] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] a portion, share

16) [v.s. ...] a surplus (given by the Hindū law to the eldest son beyond the shares of the younger ones), [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] the first part of a patrimony, [Horace H. Wilson]

18) [v.s. ...] the sixth part of booty taken in war (which belongs to the prince), [Horace H. Wilson]

19) [v.s. ...] a debt ([especially] one not bearing interest), [KātyDh.]

20) [v.s. ...] obligation, [Daśakumāra-carita]

21) [v.s. ...] recovering property

22) [v.s. ...] refutation, [Caraka] [commentator or commentary] on [Nyāya]

23) Uddhārā (उद्धारा):—[=ud-dhārā] [from ud-dhāra > ud-dhṛ] f. the plant Cocculus Cordifolius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) Uddhāra (उद्धार):—[=ud-dhāra] [from ud-dhṛ] n. a fire-place, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uddhara (उद्धर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] High.

2) Uddhāra (उद्धार):—[uddhā+ra] (raḥ) 1. m. Debt; share; raising up. f. A plant. n. Fire-place.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Uddhāra (उद्धार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uddhāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Uddhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Uddhara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Uddhāra (उद्धार) [Also spelled uddhar]:—(nm) deliverance, salvation; redemption, riddance; restoration; uplift.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Uddhara (उद्धर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Udhṛ.

2) Uddhāra (उद्धार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Uddhāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Uddhara (ಉದ್ಧರ):—

1) [adjective] that is lifting or raising up; that tends to raise.

2) [adjective] that tears up by or as by the roots; tending to eradicate; exterminating.

--- OR ---

Uddhāra (ಉದ್ಧಾರ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of pulling or raising up.

2) [noun] a releasing from bondage, servitude or serfdom; emancipation.

3) [noun] the state of being freed from bondage, servitude, etc.

4) [noun] the act of or an instance of giving spiritual knowledge; enlightenment.

5) [noun] the state of being freed from the worldly entanglements.

6) [noun] a getting rid of completely; complete destruction; eradication.

7) [noun] a quoting of a sentence, passage etc. from a book, article, speech etc.; the sentence, passage, etc. so quoted; an excerption.

8) [noun] a portion (usu. sixth part) that a leader of a gang of law-breakers gets from money or valuables that is extorted by threats, misuse of authoity, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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