Udbhava, Udbhavā, Udbhāva: 24 definitions


Udbhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Udbhav.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Udbhavā (उद्भवा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Piṇḍa, the seventh seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Udbhavā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Udbhava (उद्भव) or Udbhavāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vijayāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Udbhava Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vijaya-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “rebirth”, according to the Vārāṇasīmāhātmya verse 1.116-125.—Accordingly, “[...] And there is no rebirth (udbhava) in this world for those Pāśupata sages who follow the observance of the skull, they who abide by the Atimārga. For the practitioners of the Atimārga there is only indifference. Those who have set out on the Atimārga only delight in indifference. Those who die on the saline ground (uṣara) go along that path, but of all saline grounds Vārāṇasī is the best, O sage. And there is no sprouting for those who die there. The body abandoned on the cremation ground merges in the Lord of Time. [...]”.

2) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “ascent” representing one of the the Five Mystic States, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 330).—Accordingly, “[...] Thus, due to practicing [this insight], the qualities of His consciousness, which are aspects of Śakti, fully penetrate [those various levels], causing the [various] powers to arise. But even without practice, in the [rare] case of an instantaneous immersion into That, one obtains the state of liberation-in-life through the process of the direct experience of [the Five Mystic States]: Bliss, Ascent (udbhava), Trembling, Sleep, and ‘Whirling,’ which means Pervasion”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “issuing forth”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.21 (“Nārada instructs Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “O dear, of great intellect, listen to the story of the moon crested lord, my master and the cause of great enjoyment and protection. A wonderfully loud sound arose covering the whole firmament when the fire issuing from Śiva’s eye [i.e., netra-udbhava] burnt Kāma. On hearing that loud report and seeing Kāma burnt, Pārvatī was terribly frightened and she returned to her abode along with her maids. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Udbhava (उद्भव).—A son of Nahuṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 24. 50.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “creation”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.

2) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to the “upsurge” (i.e., of the vital fire and wind), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Kuṇdalī (the Coiled One) is the pure moonlight (of consciousness). She is reverse (viparīta) action. Then, in a moment, (one experiences) the bliss and upsurge (udbhava) of (the vital) Fire and Wind. Then one attains (the energy of consciousness) which destroys the sins of (all true) yogis and, in the seventh birth, (the Karma) of (all one's previous) births. Even the foolishness (of thoughtless action) is completely eradicated”.

3) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to the “initial coming into being” stage of the universe, associated with the deities Vāmā and Brahmā.—In the Tantrasadbhāva we find the geometric shapes related to the energies, or aspects of the one energy, that constitute the Triangle. [...] These three energies [i.e., Vāmā, Jyeṣṭhā and Raudrī] are the consorts of the gods Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara and manifest as a series of triads. [...] They are also the energies that bring about the initial coming into being (udbhava) of the universe and an expanded state of consciousness followed by emission (viśleṣa) and merger (laya). [...]”.

4) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “(the bliss of) emission”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “The aggregate, enveloped in bliss, functions within bliss. (Thus) there comes about the equilibrium (samatva) of the mind, which is the bliss of emission (udbhava). In the middle of that is the subtle Liṅga, the Divine Liṅga that faces downwards. It stands in the centre of the Supreme Sky, in the middle of the Circle of the Moon. The round form of the Point which the texts commonly refer to as an ‘unbroken circle’ (akhaṇḍa-maṇḍala), like its sky-like 'emptiness', similarly symbolizes the all-embracing nature of the core energy. [...]”.

5) Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to an “upward movement”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, while discussing the outer signs of initiation: “The disciple who has been pierced by the (Supreme) Principle (experiences) the five-fold state. This is, joy (ānanda), an upward movement (udbhava), a tremor (kampa), sleep (nidrā) and inebriation (ghūrṇi) as the fifth”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “that which springs forth from” (e.g., products ‘sprung forth’ of the season”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] The offering to be made by princes in honor of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season [i.e., kāla-udbhavakālodbhavaiḥ surabhibhiḥ kusumaiḥ], of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths, of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of colored rice, of perfumed smoke and fragrant paste”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Udbhava in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “arising”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The [four] bodily blisses whose last is [the bliss of] cessation all arise from bindu (bindu-udbhava), just as moonlight arises from the moon”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “arising (from dust)”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If [someone] touches his back, there is [an extraneous thing] arising from the back (pṛṣṭhaja) [, i.e. a back-bone at the depth up to the back]. If [someone touches] his belly, [there is an extraneous thing related to the belly] at the depth up to the [belly]. If [someone] touches his side, one should prognosticate that there is an extraneous thing arising from dust (udbhavapāṃsulikodbhavam). The best knower of extraneous things [= the officiant] should remove that extraneous thing which exists [at a depth of] that measurement [= up to the side] [underground]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to a “arising (of a flower)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] Oṃ be successful in undertakings, have increase in wealth. Be nourished in the body, (and) have peace in the home. Oṃ homage to the holy king Puṣpaketu, Tathāgata, Arhat, Enlightened Buddha. In this manner. Oṃ flower, flower, great flower, Good flower, flower arisen (puṣpa-udbhava), flower born, flower strewn Svāhā! [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Udbhava (उद्भव) refers to “(being) produced from” (the tranquillity of discrimination), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [virtuous meditation] confers upon corporeal souls the pleasure, produced from the tranquillity of discrimination (vivekapraśama-udbhava) because of endless non-attachment, which is the experience of one’s own self [and] is beyond the senses”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udbhava (उद्भव).—m (S) Birth, production, proceeding or issuing from. 2 Manifestation; coming forth or appearing openly. 3 Used vulgarly in the sense of ugrama.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udbhava (उद्भव).—m Birth, production. Manifestation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udbhava (उद्भव).—&c. See under उद्भू (udbhū).

See also (synonyms): udbhāvanā.

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Udbhava (उद्भव).—

1) Production, creation, birth, generation (lit. and fig.); इति हेतुस्तदुद्भवे (iti hetustadudbhave) K. P.1; Y.3.8; the place or object of origin; मृत्युः सर्वहरश्चाहमुद्भवश्च भविष्यताम् (mṛtyuḥ sarvaharaścāhamudbhavaśca bhaviṣyatām) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.34; oft. at the end of comp. in the sense of 'springing or arising from', 'produced from'; ऊरूद्भवा (ūrūdbhavā) V.1.3; मणिराकरोद्भवः (maṇirākarodbhavaḥ) R.3.18.

2) Source, origin; उद्भवो यशसः (udbhavo yaśasaḥ) K.54.

3) Name of Viṣṇu; उद्भवः क्षोभणो देवः (udbhavaḥ kṣobhaṇo devaḥ) V. Sah.

Derivable forms: udbhavaḥ (उद्भवः).

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Udbhāva (उद्भाव).—

1) Production, generation.

2) Magnanimity.

Derivable forms: udbhāvaḥ (उद्भावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udbhava (उद्भव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Birth, production. E. ut forth, bhū to be or become, ac aff.

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Udbhāva (उद्भाव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Production, generation. 2. Magnanimity. E. ut, bhāva causing to be, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udbhava (उद्भव).—i. e. ud-bhū + a, m. 1. Birth. 2. Origin, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 244. 3. When latter part of a comp. adj., Produced, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 13; sprung from, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 244.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udbhava (उद्भव).—[masculine] origin, coming forth; adj. coming from (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udbhava (उद्भव):—[=ud-bhava] a See ud-√bhū.

2) [=ud-bhava] [from ud-bhū] b m. existence, generation, origin, production, birth

3) [v.s. ...] springing from, growing

4) [v.s. ...] becoming visible, [Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] birth-place, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Kāvyādarśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Nahuṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] a sort of salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], (ifc.) mfn. produced or coming from, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti etc.]

8) Udbhāva (उद्भाव):—[=ud-bhāva] [from ud-bhū] m. production, generation [gana] balādi, [Pāṇini 5-2, 136]

9) [v.s. ...] rising (of sounds), [Puṣpa-sūtra ix, 4, 22.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udbhava (उद्भव):—[ud-bhava] (vaḥ) 1. m. Birth.

2) Udbhāva (उद्भाव):—[ud-bhāva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Production.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udbhava (उद्भव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ubbhava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udbhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Udbhava in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udbhava (उद्भव) [Also spelled udbhav]:—(nm) birth; origin; coming into existence.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udbhava (ಉದ್ಭವ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of reproducing or being reproduced; procreation; generation; birth; manifestation in a physical form.

2) [noun] the act or fact of occurring; occurrence; a coming up (as a problem etc.).

3) [noun] advancement, esp. to a better state or condition; growth; development; progress.

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Udbhāva (ಉದ್ಭಾವ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of reproducing or being reproduced; procreation; generation; birth; manifestation in a physical form.

2) [noun] the act or fact of occurring; occurrence; a coming up (as a problem etc.).

3) [noun] a feeling, emotion or sensitivity that occurs in the mind.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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